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,,I I,.. 
J ix GEN T. O. MARI)I.'.N 

Aug. 1914--Match 1919 




Aug. 1914--March 1919 

I;.13., C,I.Go 



THIs short history has been compiled mainly from the 
War Diaries. 
My reason for undertking the tsk is that there was 
no one else fo do if, the units composing the Division 
being scattered fa and wide, and there being no Divisional 
habitat with local historians as in the case of Territorial 
and New Army Divisions. My object is that all who 
served with the Division for any period between 1914-1919 
may have a record fo show that they belonged to a 
Division which played no inconspicuous part in the Gret 
I regret that if has been impossible fo tabulate the 
honours (except V.C.s) won by officers and men of the 
Division, and if is also inevitble that the names of many 
individual, to whom the success of the Division in many 
operations was lrgely due should go unrecorded. The 
Infantry naturally bulk lage in the picture, but they 
would be the first to adroit that their success could not 
have been obtained without the splendid co-operation of 
the Artillery, who are sometimes not even mentioned in 
the narrative; and this theme might be elaborated 
My paticular thanks are due to Lt.-Col. T. T. Grove, 
C.M.G., D.S.O., I.E., to whom the credit belongs for 
the form taken by the history and the more personal 

portions of the history itself. I also wish to thank 
Lt.-Gen. Sir J. Keir, K.C.B., D.S.O., and Major-Gen. 
C. Ross, C.B., D.S.O., as well as several Brigadiers and 
C.O.s, for so kindly reviewing the periods of which they 
had personal knowledge. 
In conclusion, I wish to add that every copy sold helps 
towards the erection of Battlefield lIemorials tobe placed 
in France and Flanders. 
Aril 1920. 

VI. THé. SoM. 
Vil. Loos SALIENT. o 




II. V.C.s Wo  . Dvso 82 
III. DAay 85 
llTH NOVEMBER 1918 . 102 




THE Division mobilized with its Headquarters at Cork-- 
two brigades in Ireland, namely, the 16th Infantry 
Brigade af Fermoy, and the 17th Infantry Brigade at 
Cork, and one Infantry Brigade--the 18th--at Lichfield. 
I)ivisional troops mobilized in Ireland. The order for 
mobilization was received af 10 p.m. on the 4th August 
On the 15th August units mobilized in Ireland com- 
menced embarkationat Cork and Queenstownfor England, 
and the )ivision was concentrated in camps in the neigh- 
bourhood of Cambridge and Newmarket by the 18th 
The period from the 18th August to the 7th September 
was one of hard training. Those who were with the 
)ivision af that time will also remember, with gratitude, 
the many kindnesses shown them by the people of 
Cambridge ; the canteens and recreation rooms instituted 
for the men, and the hospitality shown by colleges and 
individuals to the oflïcers. They wili remember, too, their 
growing impatience to get out, and their increasing fear 
that the Division would arrive too late. 
On the 7th September, however, entrainment for 
Southampton commenced, and on the 9th the first troops 
of the Division disembarked af St. Nazaire. 

From St. Nazaire a long train journey, which the 
novelty of the experience robbed of its tediousness, took 
the Division a short distance east of Paris, where it con- 
centrated in billets in the area Coulommiers-Mortcerf-- 
Maries-Chaume by the 12th September. 




THE period 13th to 19th September was spent in the 
march to the Aisne, where the Division arrived at a tinm 
when a certain amount of anxiety was felt by the Higher 
Command. The 5th French Army on the right, the 
British Army in the centre, and the 6th French Army 
under General Maunoury on the left, had pushed the 
Germans back across the Marne, and on the 14th Septem- 
ber the British troops had crossed the Aisne on the front 
Soissons-Bourg--the I Corps at Bourg, the II Corps at 
Vailly and Missy, and the III at Venizel. The French 
right attack from the direction of Rheims and the British 
attack by the I Corps had progressed much faster than 
the left, and had reached the heights on the line Craonne- 
Troyon, astride the la,nous Chemin des Dames. These 
were now the objective of tierce attacks by the Germans, 
and the 6th Division, which had been allotted originally 
fo the III Corps, was put into General Reserve instead, 
only the artillery joining the III Corps. The units of 
the I Corps were very tired and weakened after the big 
retreat from Mons and the subsequent hard fighting on 
the Marne and Aisne, so immediately on its arrival the 
18th Iffantry Brigade (Brig.-Gen. W. N. Congreve, V.C.) 
was ordered to relieve the 2nd Infantry Brigade on the 
right of the British line. The front taken over ran 
diagonally from north-east to south-west along the high 
ground just south of the Chemin des Dames to the 
north and north-east of Troyon. The East Yorks on 
the left relieved in daylight on the 19th September the 
D.L.I., and the West Yorks during the night of tho 


19/20th September. The West Yorks had two com- 
panies in front trenches, one company echeloned in 
right rear and one company in support. The Sherwood 
Foresters were in reserve. 
Af dawn on the 20th September, the enemy delivered 
a hevy attack on the I Corps and on the French left, 
driving in the Tirailleurs d'Afrique and turning the flank 
of the West Yorks. The echeloned company formed front 
fo the flank, and the supporting company followed suit. 
The Germans annihilated the right front comœetny, and, 
using the white flag ruse, apœearently captured some of 
the next company. Major Ingles, collecting a proportion 
of the front comœeanies, withdrew a short distance and 
counter-attacked, but was unsuccessful and lost his lire 
in this gallant endeavour. Af about 1 p.m. a cohnter- 
attoek was delivered by the Sherwood Foresters, who 
were in Brigade Reserve, the support company of the 
West Yorks, under Lt.-Col. Towsey, and a "squadron of 
the 18th Hussars from Paissy. These, advancing over the 
perfectly open ground, recptured the trenches and 
gallantly held them against further attacks. In this 
affir the West Yorks suffered casualties amounting 
approximately to 15 officers and 600 other ranks, the 
Sherwood Foresters also losing 12 oiïlcers and 180 other 
ranks.. The temporary loss of the trenches by the West 
Yorks exposed the trenches of the D.L.I. fo enfilade 
moehine-gun tire, from which they had eonsiderable 
castmlties, including Majors Mander and Robb. This 
was the only serious fighting in which the Division was 
engaged, but a certain amount of trouble was caused by 
the arrivM of guns from Antwerp which fired " Black 
Marias," and the enfilade gun and machine-gun tire to 
which portions of the main line lent themselves. 
On the 31st September the 17th Infantry Brigade 
(Brig.-Gen. W. 1. B. Doran) relieved the 6th Infantry 
Brigade and the 4th Guards Brigade on the front Fort 
de Metz-La Cour de Soupir, and held the portion without 

much incident till 2nd October, when they were withdrawn 
into Corps leserve. 
The 16th Infantry Brigade (Brig.-Gen. ]. C. Ingouvlle- 
Vlliams) relieved the 7th and 9th Infantry Brigades fo 
the norh-east of Vailly on the 21st/22nd September, and 
remained in trenches until 12th October, some rime after 
the rest of the Division had gone north. They received 
the thanks of the II Corps for their soldierly conduct. 
The divisional artllery (Brig.-Gen. V. H. L. Paget) 
was in support of the 5th Division opposite Missy, but 
oly the 2nd Brigade was engage& If had already 
been re-organized since nlobilization by the inclusion, 
in each of 12th, 24th and 38th Brigades, of a battery 
of 4-5-in. howitzers. 
The Battle of the Aisne marked the commencement of 
trench wafare, and the loyal Engineers (Lt.-Col. G. C. 
Kemp, C.l.].) were employed fo some extent in wiring 




THE diminishing pressure of the Germans on the Aisne 
had ruade it evidcnt that an attcmpt by them to reach the 
Channcl ports would be ruade very soon. This would 
best be frustrated by an outflanking movement of the 
Allies to the north, with the ultimate aim of joining 
hands with the :Bclgian Army at that rime holding 
Antwerp. Sir John French was most anxious to place 
the British Army in its original position on the left of 
the Frcnch, as it was based on Boulogne, Calais and 
The II :British Corps was the first to move from the 
Aisne and prolonged the French line towards La :Bassée ; 
the I and III Corps extending inwards to relieve it. lext 
followed the III Corps, relieved by the French and destined 
to take its place north of the II Corps towards :Bailleul. 
The Cavalry Corps advanced north of the III Corps 
towards Kemmel, and at a later date the I Corps, handing 
over to the French, was moved towards Ypres, while the 
7th Division, just arrived in France, was directed on 
The III Corps consisted of the 4th and 6th Divisions 
under Lt.-Gen. Pulteney. The period 6th to 9th October 
was occupied in the march to the entraining station near 
Compiègne. The Division detrained at St. Orner on 
10th October, and was joined by the 19th Infantry 
:Brigade (:Brig.-Gen. tton. F. Gordon), which remained 
with it until 31st May 1915. The battalions composing 
this. brigade wero 2nd R.W.F., 1st Cameroaiaas, 1st 

lIiddlesex, 2nd A. and S. Highlanders. The 5th Cam- 
eronians were added on 19th November 1914. 
On the 12th October the Division marched to Haze- 
brouck, where it covered the detrainment of the 4th 
Division and came into touch with the enemy. The latter, 
consisting of two Cavalry Divisions with some Jiger 
(Rifle) Battalions, and at least one Division of the XIX 
Corps, were fighting a rearguard action until such rime 
as they should be reinforced. The character of the 
advance may be illustrated by an incident on the 14th 
October, when a platoon of the 1st R.F. (of the Rcserve 
Brigade) was detailed to rescue Gcncral Keir's car, which 
had run iuto snipers near Merris. Fortunatcly the G.O.C. 
was not in it. The reiaforcemcnt by the enemy occurred 
on the 20th October. on which datc began the Battle of 
Ypres-Armeatières, generally called the First Battle of 
Ypres. As far as the Division was concerned this took 
place on the western portion of the ridge betwcen Armen- 
tières and Lille, and resulted in the Division being forced 
back from the line Prmesques-Radinghem (ahuost on 
top of the ridge) to the low ground Iue du Bois-La 
Boutillerie after very tierce continuous fighting from 
20th to 31st October, in which the Division suffered 
nearly 4,000 casualties. To revert, on 13th October the 
III Corps advanced with the 4th Division on the left 
and the 6th Division on the right. An action took place 
on the line of the Méteren Brook, commencing at 1 p.m. 
and continuing till dark, when the 17th and 18th Infantry 
Brigades had captttred Méteren and Bailleul with about 
400 casualties. Pushing forward, the 17th Infantry 
Brigade crossed the River Lys at Bac St. Maur, and the 
18th Infantry Brigade at Sailly on the night 15]16th 
October, and approached on the 17th the ridge west of 
Lille, where the enemy were reported to be entrenched. 
The 16th Infantry Brigade now rejoined the Division 
from the Aisne, and on the 18th October a reconnaissance 
in force was ordered, which was brflliantly carried out. 

The Buffs and Y. and L. on the right captured ladinghem 
without much opposition, and advanced across a smll 
plateau, 300 yrds in width, towards the woods in which 
stands the Château de Flandres. They here came under 
a heavy cross-rire of machine-guns and shrapnel, and were 
counter-attacked and driven back. The situation,however, 
was saved by Mjor Bayley's company of the Y. and L., 
which had worked round on the left and threatened the 
flnk of the counter-attack, which thereon withdrew. 
The Y. and L. suffered considerable casulties in this 
little action--Major Robertson being killed. Meanwhile 
the 18th Infantry Brigade had captured Ennetières and 
the south end of Capinghem, while the 17th Infantry 
Brigade reached Prémesques, but was unable to take 
Pérenchies. The 4th Division hd hot been able to cross 
the Lys north of Armentières, which necessitated the 
17th Infantry Brigade throwing back ifs flnk fo 
l'Epinette. On thc 19th October thc Division entrenched 
on the line it had won. To the right were French cavalry 
and cyclists, covering the gap between the right of the 
III Corps and the left of the I Corps near Aubers. The 
advance from Hazebrouck to the ridge had occupied six 
days, and cost the Division some 750 casualties. 
On the morning of the 20th October the Germans 
attacked very heavily on the whole front. Fighting on 
a very extended front (rive mlles) and with very little in 
hand, the Division was soon in difficulties, particularly 
on the exposed left flank, where the Leinsters had their 
three left companies quickly driven in, and the situation 
at midday was critical. One company with the mchine- 
i guns was able to hold on until the fternoon af Mont de 
Prémesques, and to withdraw under cover of darkness, 
having inflicted heavy loss on the enemy. Meanwhile 
units of other brigades were putting up a gallant fight 
against great odds, each unit generally with one or both 
flanks unsupported. At Ennetières, which formed rather 
 salient, the Sherwood Foresters held out all dy, but 


were attacked at dusk by three battalions and practically 
annihilated or captured, only the C.O., Adjurant, Q.M. 
and 250 other ranks remaining the next day. 
The Buffs, after a splendid fight, were driven out of 
Radinghem, and by night thc Division was practically 
back on the line which it was te hold for the next few 
months, and on which the German offensive of 1918 still 
round the British. Continuous unsuccessful attempts te 
break through occurred till 31st October, when trench 
waxfare set in. Notable among these was the attack on 
the K.S.L.L and Y. anal L. on the 23rd October, when 
300 enemy dead were left in front of oltr tronches ; on 
the 18th Infantry Brigade on the night of the 27/28th 
October, when the enemy captured the line, but was 
driven out by a counter-attack, in which the East Yorks 
specially distinguished themselves; and on the night of 
the 29/30th October, when the 19th Infantry Brigade 
lest some trenches, but counter-attacked successfully, and 
counted 200 German dead. The incident of Cpl. Forwaxd, 
1st The Buffs, is typical of the tierce fighting. On 
30th October, when the O.C. machine-guns of The Buffs 
and all the team had been killed or wounded, this gallant 
1W.C.O. continued te tire his gun until eventually wounded 
in rive places, when he crawled back te report the situation. 
ge was rewarded with the D.C.M. During the whole 
period, 20th te 30th October, the guns were woefully short 
of ammunition, and consequently a greater strain was 
thrown on the infantry. 




ACTIVE fighting now died away on this front, but its place 
was taken by constant shelling and the deadly sniping 
which claimed so many victims at this rime. The weather 
during Novembcr and Deceraber was truly appalling. 
All trenches were knee-deep and more in mud and water, 
and it is on record that the B.G.C., 19rb Infantry Brigade, 
had his boots sucked off by the mud and went round 
trenches without them. Parapets would not stand and 
were so flimsy that many men were shot through them. 
But the weather eventually improved, material for revet- 
ment began to appear, and by fhe commencement of 1915 
if, was possible to more in the trenches in comparative 
The next few months were unevenfful ones, the only 
incidents worthy of remark being a visit from the King 
on the 2nd December; a minor operation by the North 
Staffordshire legiment on the 12th March, resulfing in 
the inclusion in our line of the unsavoury Epinette Salient ; 
the sudden more of the 16th Infantry Brigade to ¥amer- 
tinghe at the rime of the enemy's attack at St. Eloi in 
the middle of March, and a liftle mining and counter- 
mining on the Frelinghien and Le Touquet fronts in May. 
The minor operation at l'Epinette was a very well-planned 
night affair, whereby the 17th Infantry Brigade advanced 
their line 200-300 yards on a frontage of hall a mile. It 
was carried out by the 1st Battalion :North Staffordshire 
Regiment and 12th Field Company, and Sir tt. Smith- 
Dorrien (Army Commander), in congratulating the regi- 
ment, mentioned particularly Lieuts. Pope and Gordon 


for fine leading. But if there was no heavy fighting, the 
trench casualties from sniping and enemy shell-fire were 
quite considcrable (see Appendix). We had practically 
no artillery ammunition with which to worry the enemy, 
as the following extract from the Divisional War Diary 
shows :-- 
24th April 1915.--" In view of the fighting in progress 
in the north {Second Battle of Ypres) the Corps Com- 
mander allots an extra ten rounds of shrapnel per gun 
for 18-pounders wîth a view to making a demonstration 
by tire to hold the enemy in front of us." Amusing read- 
ing in 1919 ! 
The Division continued to hold a quiet but very ex- 
tended front till the end of May, receiving a succession 
of units from new Divisions to serve thcir apprenticeship 
to trench warfare. 
Amongst our visitors, d«ring this period, were units 6f 
the 9th Division, and sonm of those who bave read Ian 
Hay's The First Hudred Tosand will have recognized 
in it a description of a part of the trenches of the I9th 
Infantry Brigade. 
During this period the four brigades each received a 
fifth Territorial Battalion--the Queen's Westminsters 
joining on the 1 lth November and being allotted to thc 
18th Infantry Brigade ; the 5th Scottish Rifles, who went 
to the 19th Infantry Brigade, oining on the I9th Novem- 
ber ; the 2nd Battalion London Regiment joining thc 17th 
Infantry Brigade in February, and the 5th Battalion 
Loyal North Lancashire Regiment the 16th Infantry 
Brigade on the 15th of that month. The 38th Field 
Company left the Division on the 9th April, and on the 
21st December 1914 the 1st London Field Company, 
later the 509th, began its long connection with the 6th 
Division. The Division lost its squadron of the 19th 
Hussars, receiving in its place "C" squadron of the 
Northamptonshire Yeomanry. 
It was during the sojourn in Armentières that tho 

" Fancies," without mention of whom no history of the 
Division would be complete, came into being. With the 
" Follies," the 4th Division troupe, formed a few weeks 
belote them, also in Armentières, they were the fore- 
runners of the Divisional theatrical txoupes which sub- 
sequcntly became universal. 
Af Armentières also took place the first 6th Divisional 
Horse Show, a highly successful two-day show--the first 
of its kind held in the B.E.F. 
On the 27th Ma.y 1915 began the relief of the Division 
by the 27th Division, and on the following days its move 
northwards fo join the newly formed VI Corps. Major- 
Gen. Sir John Keir left on the 27th to take up command 
of the ncw corps, taking with him--as B.G., R.A.--Brig.- 
Geu. W. H. L. Paget. 
Ma.jor-Gen. W. l. Congreve, V.C., from the 18th 
Infantry Brigade, succeeded Sir John Keir in command 
of the Division; Brig.-Gen. Humphreys taking the ap- 
pointment of C.R.A. 




O the night of the 31st May/lst June the Division took 
over its new front in the Ypres Salient, commencing its 
long tour in that unsavoury region, and trench casualties 
almost doubled immediately. If continued in the Salient 
up to the end of July 1916, with three periods of test, 
each of about a month's duration : the first spent in the 
neighbourhood of Houtkerque and Poperinghe, in Novem- 
ber and December 1915 ; the second in the Houtkerque- 
Wormhoudt area, with one brigade af a rime back af 
Calais from mid-March to mid-April 1916 ; and the third 
again in the Houtkerque-Wormhoudt area from mid- 
June to mid-July 1916. The nature of these rests has 
been humorously but not untruthfully portrayed in the 
columns of Punch ; the author of "Af the Front" in that 
paper having been an officer in the K.S.L.I. 
The line was just hardening after the Second Battle of 
Ypres when the Division moved up to the Salient, and 
no active operations took place on the atual front taken 
over by the Division, but its artillery was called upon 
to assist ifs neighbours on either flank, i.e. on the 16th 
June when the 3rd Division attacked Bellewarde Farm 
north-west of Hooge ; on the 22nd June when the 42nd In- 
fantry Brigade of the 14th Division attempted a small 
operation, and on the 6th July when the 4th Division 
carried out a successful minor operation near Pflkem. 
On the 30th July the 14th Division was attacked ai 
Hooge and driven back to Sanctuary and Zouave Woods. 
Their counter-attacks, gallantly delivered, but under the 
circumstnces giving very little prospect of success, failed, 

and for a rime thc situation was critical. Thc 16th 
fantry Brigade was moved up to thc arca about Goldfish 
Château (hall-toile north-wcst of Ypres} as a precautionary 
measure, and was at ont rime in danger of bcing thrown 
in to makc a hasty countcr-attack. Fortunately this 
provcd unuecessary, and on thc 31st July thc Corps 
Commander dccidcd to relicvc thc wholc Division, and 
to allot to it thc task of rcstoring thc line at ttoogc in 
a carefully prepared attack. 
Thc relief was carricd out on the 2nd and 3rd August 
1915, and on thc 6th thc Division took over its front 
of attack, and thc prcparatory bombardment was com- 
mcnccd. This bombardmcnt was very carefully planncd, 
carricd out with great thoroughncss and accuracy, and 
was ont of the most effective and scvcrc that had, up to 
that rime, bccn put down by thc British. Thc artfllery 
co-opcration in the attack was on a similar scalc and 
equally effective, except so far as counter-battery work 
against enemy artillcry to thc south was concerncd, and 
thc attack owcd much of its succcss to thc assistance 
reccivcd from thc artillery. To this assistance two French 
batterics of " 75's," lent by thc 36th French Corps, ably 
The attack was launched on the 9th August at 3.15 a.m. 
on a front of about 1,000 yards--thc 18th Infantry Brigade 
(Lt.-Col. F. W. Towsey} attacking on thc right with thc 
2nd D.L.I. in front line and the 2nd Shcrwood Forcsters 
in support, thc 16th Infantry Brigade (Brig.-Gen. C. 
licholson) on thc left, with thc 1st K.S.L.I. and the 
2nd ¥. and L. Regiment in front line, and thc 1st Thc 
Buffs in support. 
The attack was completely successful; all objectives 
were quickly gained. A very large number of German 
dead were counted in the recaptured position, and a con- 
siderable number of prisoners taken. The captured 
position was subjected to a very heavy bombaxdment, 
especially on the right ; principally by glms firing from 

the south-east, not opposite the corps front, which took 
the new line in flank and often in reverse. The troops 
of the 18th Infantry Brigade held on to their positions 
with their usual gallantry and determination, in spire of 
very heavy casualties. The 2nd D.L.I. particularly dis- 
tinguished themselves by the tenacity they displayed, 
and they and the 2nd Sherwood Foresters and 1st East 
Yorkshire Regiment suffered severely. In face of th 
"heavy shelling it was round impossible on the right to 
estblish a line on the final ob]ective, where ail the former 
trenches hal been entirely obliterated. The advanced 
troops hud accordingly to be withdrawn on this flnk, 
but some rime after this withdrawal was thought to have 
been completed a message was received from a Lance- 
Corporal of the 2nd D.L.I. to the effect tiret he was 
established in the stables of the ch£teau with a few 
men, and asking that rations and ammunition might be 
sent up to them. On the left hot only was all the ground 
lost on the 30th July regained, but an importnt spur 
north of the Menin Road, which had hitherto been in 
German occupation, was included in the final position 
consolioEted. Three officers and 124 other ranks were 
taken prisoners, and over 500 of the enemy were comted 
ded on the captured ground. The gallant work of the 
R.E. in wiring the position was specially mentioned in 
the accounts from G.H.Q. which appeared in the papers. 
The attack at Hooge was particularly interesting, as 
it was the first attempt made to follow thc barrage relly 
closely. The barrage did not, however, " creep " up to 
the German front line, but was placed directly on it at 
once at zero and lifted back from there, the 6-in. howitzers 
lifting slightly before the Field Artillery. The infantry 
lay out as close to the barrage as possible belote zero, 
and moved in on lime as soon as the lield Artillery 
barrage lifted. The attack was looked upon for some 
rime as a model of really close co-operation between 
infantry and artillery. 

For this operation, skilfully planned and most gallantly 
and successfully carried out, the Division received great 
praise. The casualties were 70 officers and 1,700 other 
ranks. (A very full account of this operation can be 
round in the fourth volume of The Great World War, pub- 
lished by the Gresham Publishing Company, Limited.) 
Other incidents of the tour in the Salient were the 
gallant voluntary assistance rendered on the 6th July 
1915 by Lieut. Smith, 1st North Staffords (died of 
wounds), with his grenadier party to a post of the 
41st Brigade which was being heavily attacked, and 
which brought him the thanks of GenerM Allenby, com- 
manding V Corps ; the enemy gas attack of 19th Decem- 
ber 1915, when no actual attack was launched against 
the Division, and the minor operations near Turco Farm 
and Morteldje Estaminet on 19th-22nd April 1916. 
Certain trenches, D20 and 21 and Willow Walk, were 
much overlooked by High Command ledoubt, some 150 
yards away. The Germans throughout the 19th April 
heavilybombardcd these trenches, and succeeded in seizing 
them at night. One company 8th Bedfords and two 
companies Y. and L. delivercd a cÇunter-attack in the 
early hours of 20th April, but could not retake the position. 
The Brigadier-General therefore decided to bombard them 
steadily throughout the 21st, and recapture them on the 
night 21st/22ndApril with three companies of the K.S.L.I., 
then in Brigade Reserve. This was brilliantly accom- 
plished in spire of the very heavy going, and the line 
firmly re-established, but with the loss of Lt.-Col. Luard, 
commanding K.S.L.I., who died of wounds. It was round 
that the enemy had dug good new trenches in several 
places, and equipped them with steel loop-hole plates, 
and these were occupied thanldully by our men. The 
general state of the trenches, .commanded as they were 
by the enemy's positions, in the water-logged Ypres 
Salient during the winter of 1915-1916 defies description, 
and ail praise must be given to the regimental officers 

and men for their hard work and cheerfulness under most 
depressing conditions. 
lIention must be ruade of the thirty-five-mile march to 
Croix Dubac to assist in an extensive raid by the Anzac 
Corps, ruade by the 24th Brigade, R.F.A., at the shortest 
notice. The brigade was away ten days. 
During this period the principal change which occurred 
in the Order of Battle of the Division was the arrival of 
the 71st Infantry Brigade (Brig.-Gen. lI. Shewen) instead 
of the 17th Infatry Brigade, which took the place of the 
former in the 24th Division. Consequent on this was a 
redistribution of battalions to brigades--the 1st Leicester- 
shire Regimet, from the 16th Infantry Brigade, and the 
2nd Sherwood Foresters, from the 18th Infantry Brigade, 
being transferred to the 71st Infantry Brigade in exchange 
for the 8th Bedfordshire Regiment and the llth Essex 
Regiment respectively. These exchanges took place--the 
former on the 18th hTovember 1915, the latter on the 
28th October 1915. On 1st April the llth Leicestershire 
Regiment (Pioneers) joined from the Unitcd Kingdom. 
On the llth June the 5th Loyal hTorth Lancashire 
Regiment left the Division, and on llth October *he 2nd 
London Regiment ; on the 26th hTovember the 1st East 
Yorkshire legiment was transferred to the 1st Division, 
and on the 28th November the Queen's Westminsters left 
to join the 56th Division, the 14th D.L.I. arriving the 
saine day to take their place in the 18th Infantry Brigade. 
On the 13th October the 2/2nd West Riding (later the 
459th) Field Company joined, l1achine-gun companies 
took their place--the 18th II.G.C. in January, the 16th 
I.G.C. in February, and the 71st I.G.C. in larch 1916. 
ledium T.lI.s came into being in l1ay 1916, and L.T.II.s 
in August 1916. The cyclist company ad the squadron of 
Northamptonshire Yeomanry also left during this period 
on becoming Corps troops. 
The changes in the Divisional Artillery were numerous. 
On 12th May the 12th Brigade, R.F.A., was broken up-- 

the 87th Battery going to the 2nd Brigade, and the 43rd 
Battery fo the 24th Brigade; each battery giving one 
section to form " D " Battery, 38th Brigade, which latter 
replaced the 34th Battery transferred on 15th February 
to a T.F. Division. The 86th Battery had previously 
been transferred from the 12th Brigade, I.F.A., to another 
Division. The 38th Brigade later became an Army 
Brigade, l.F.A. 
On the 14th November 1915 Major-Gen. C. Ross, 
D.S.O., assumed command of the Division, on the ap- 
pointment of Major-Gen. W. N. Congreve, V.C., to the 
comnmnd of the XIII Corps. Lt.-Col. J. M. Shea (now 
Major-Gen. Sir J. M. Shea, K.C.M.G., C.B., D.S.O.} was 
succeeded as G.S.O.I on the 5th July 1915 by Lt.-Col. 
G. F. Boyd, D.S.O., D.C.M., who finished the war as 
hlajor-General commanding the 46th Division. On the 
29th February 1916 Major W. E. Ironside, who has since 
reached the position of Major-General commanding the 
Allied Forces at Archangel, was succeeded as G.S.O.2 
by Major L. I . Evans of the Black Watch, who subse- 
quently, after winning the V.C. as a Battalion Commander, 
finshed the War in command of an Infantry Brigade. 
A history of the Division would hardly be complete 
without a short reference to " The Admiral." Many of 
those who knew and liked him well by that name probably 
never knew him by any other. Lieut. Smith was an 
owner driver in charge of a convoy of 'buses with the 
loyal Naval Division at Antwerp, whence he escaped to 
France. In October 1914 he seized the opportunity of 
an officer requiring tobe taken up to join his unit, to 
make his way with his car to the front. Arrived there 
he contrived to get himself attached to the 6th Division 
I-Ieadquarters, remaining with them until he was reported 
missing on the 10th June 1916. Consumed with a good 
helthy hatred of the enemy, and keen tobe of assistance 
in any way that he could, he devoted the greater part of 
the rime he was with the Division to experimenting with 

bullet-proof shields on wheels fo be propelled by man- 
power,  sort of embryonic tnk. His mbition was 
himself fo tke the first of tlmse into action. At last 
lin ws offered n opportunity of co-operating with  
small 3-mn pttern in  minor rid ner Forwrd Cottage. 
Wht success he might hve achieved if is impossible fo 
say, as in his egerness he preceded the shield by seveml 
yards to show the crew the way and was hit in the neck 
by  splinter from a bomb. The name of Admiral's Road, 
given fo the road pst Crossroads Farm nd Forward 
Cottage, commemorates the incident of which it ws the 
scene. Iter " The Admirul" turned his attention to 
Banglore torpedoes, in the use of which he trained the 
unauthorised party which had long existed under thc 
name of the 6th Division Shield Party. With them he 
took part in many rids and minor enterprises, one of 
which earned him the D.S.O. On the 10th June he was 
reported missing from  ptrol of the 9th Norfolk Regi- 
ment, and nothing hs since been heard of him. For 
ne_rly two years he contrived fo serve voluntarily with 
the Division, nobody quite knows in what capacity or by 
what authority, and during that time he endeared himself 
to all by his unfailing good nature and cheeriness, his 
whole-herted enthusism and his lack of fear. 
It may here be mentioned tht during its last " rest" 
the Division crried out very hrd tmining over dummy 
trenches for an attack on the Pilkem Ridge, in conjunction 
with the Guards. This attak was abndoned when the 
Division moved fo the Somme, but it formed the basis 
of the very successful ttoek delivered by the Guards 
and Welsh Divisions in July 1917. 




Aw the end of July the Division was at last relieved from 
the Salient, where it had suffered nearly 11,000 casualties 
during its thirteen months' sojourn, and went south by 
train to join the Fifth Army. 
The greater part of August was spent on the Ancre, 
on the front opposite Beaumont-Hamel, making prepara- 
tions for an attack which was eventually abandoned for 
a rime. 
After a short period in reserve the Division was moved, 
between 6th and 8th September, to join the XIV Corps, 
Fourth Army {Lt.-Gen. Lord Cavan), to which corps it 
had for some rime belonged up north. The XIV Corps 
was the right corps of the British attack, and had ifs 
right on the north bank of the Somme. In a succession 
of hard-fought battles the Fourth Army {Gen. Sir H. S. 
Rawlinson) had pushed the Germans back a considerable 
distance ; units were feeling the strain badly, and fresh 
troops were needed. 
On 9th September a successftfl attack had given us 
Ginchy and Leuze Wood, but the Germans were holding 
very strongly the high ground which lies in the form of 
a horseshoe between the above-named points, and which 
dominates the country for some distance fo the south. 
The trenches followed the shape of the spur roughly af 
the back end of the horseshoe, and covered access was 
given to them by a sunken road leading back to the deep 
valley which runs north from Combles. 
At the top of tlàe spur, just south of the railway and 
communicating with the sunken road, was a four-sided 

trench in the form of a parallelogram of some 300 yards 
by 150 yards, called by us the Quadrilateral. 
It was this strong point and the adjoining trcnches 
which had held up the advance of the Fourth Army on 
the 9th September, and it was the first task of the 6th 
Division fo obliterate the horseshoe and straighten tlm 
line preparatoryto a general attack on the 15th September. 
On 12th Scptember attacks by the 56th Division on 
the south and the Guards on the north reduced the 
neck of the horseshoe, or pocket, fo about 500 yards, but 
could not close it. The situation within thc horscshoe 
was undefined, and the exact positions of thc Quadri- 
lateral and other trenches were uot known, owing fo 
the bad flying weatber. Even our own positions were 
in doubt, as almost every vestige of roads, railways and 
even villages had disappeared under the continuous 
On night l l/12th September the 71st Infantry Brigade 
{Brig.-Gen. J. F. Edwards) relieved part of tlm Guards 
Division a.nd the 16th Infantry Brigade {Brig.-Gen. 
W. L. Osborn), part of the 56th Division, with orders 
on the 13th September to straighten the line by caphtring 
the Quadrilateral. The 71st Infantry Brigade attacked 
with the Foresters north of the railway and 9th Suffolk 
Regiment south of the railway, while the 8th Bedford 
Regiment, who were close fo the Quadrilateral on the 
north-east of the Leuze Wood, co-operated by bombing 
up the trench towards if. The artillery co-operation was 
weak, observation being diflïcult, and though the troops 
advanced with the greatest gallantry the northern attack 
could only make 500 yards, and the southern attack of 
the 71st Infantry Brigade still less, while casualties from 
the enemy artillery and machine-gun tire were very large. 
A second attack af 6 p.m. the same day succeeded in 
bringing our line fo about 250 yards from the Strong 
Point, and in getting touch on the right with the 16th 
Infantry Brigade. 

lreparations were now ruade to include the Quadri- 
lateral in the genera! attack of the 15th September instead 
of making it a subsidiary operation--a situation which 
recurred two years later a|most to a day in the attack 
on Holnon Village, and which had simi|ar results. 
The British ob]ective for the 15th September was 
Gueudecourt-Flers-Lesboeufs-Morval-- the XIV Corps 
(Guards and 6th Division} to capture the two latter. It 
was the tlrst occasion on which tanks were emp|oyed, and 
as far as the Division was concerned was a failure, for 
of the three a||otted fo the 6th Division two broke down 
belote starting, and the third, moving off in accordance 
with orders long before the infantry, had its periscope 
shot oS, ifs peep-bo|es blinded, was riddled by armour- 
piercing bullets, and had to come back without achieving 
anything. This again round a parallel in the attack on 
the Quadrilateral, near St. Quentin, on 18th Septembcr 
1918, when the tanks were ineffective. 
To facilitate the movement of the tanks a gap of about 
200 yards had been left in the creeping barrage. This 
gap unfortunately coincided with the strongest point of 
the Quadri|atera|. The barrage, moreover, had passed 
over the German trenches by the rime the infantry ad- 
vanced ; the latter had, consequently, to attack up the 
g|acis-like slopes without any artillery support except the 
bombardment. This, owing to the enemy's t.renches not 
having been accurately located, was ineffective. 
The 16th Infantry Brigade attacked on a battalion 
front--one company of the Bedfords bombing up the 
trench from Leuze Wood, and the remainder over the 
open to the north against the south-west face. The 
Buffs and York and Lancasters supported the attack, but 
in spire of the greatest gallantry cou]d not the Strong 
The 1st Leicesters and the llorfolks, passing through 
the entrenched Foresters and Suffolks, attacked the 
Quadrilateral from the north-west with equal drive, but 

they too failed. Some ground, however, was made, and 
by 10 a.m. the 16th Infantry Brigade on the south, and 
the 71st Infantry Brigade on the north, were digging in 
close to the enemy's wire and trenches. 
During the day constant reports arrived that the 
Guards had gained their objectives, and that tanks and 
cheering men were moving through Lesboeufs. If was 
not until the following morning that this report was 
proved tobe incorrect, and that it was Fiers which had 
been captured. In the meantime it appeared to the 
Divisional G.O.C. (General Ross) that the prospect of a 
break-through on a large scale was prejudiced solely by 
the repulse of the 6th Division. tIe thcrefore ordcred a 
night attack on the flanks of the Quadrilateral to be 
executed by two battalions of the 18th Infantry Brigade 
(Brig.-Gen. R. J. Bridgford). These battalions, the 2nd 
Durham Light Infantry and the I lth Essex, moved round 
after dark and attacked ; the former from the north, the 
latter from the south-east to the lcft of the 16th Infantry 
Brigade. The l lth Essex lost direction, while the 2nd 
D.L.I. bombed down a trench only to find that it did hot 
lead into the Strong Point. Except on the 6th Divisional 
front and at I-Iigh Wood, which was captured during 
the night, the whole line had advanced, and it was a 
bitter blow to the Division to think that their sacrifices 
had been in vain. 
On the night of the 16/17th September the 18th 
Infantry Brigade relieved the sorely-tried 71st Infantry 
Brigade, and fresh preparations were made for an attack, 
on the 18th, of the Quadrilateral, which had been strongly 
reinforced by the enemy through the sunken road. 
The K.S.L.I. dug themselves in with their left on the 
railway, so as to assault the south-west face of the Strong 
Point. The wether having cleared, the trenches were 
now carefully located from the air and heavily bombarded, 
and on the 18th September, under both a stationary and 
creeping barrage, and with the York and Lancasters bomb- 

ing np the trench from Lenze Wood, and the 18th Infantry 
Brigade (West Yorks and 14th Durham Light Infantry) 
attacking the north-west face and the trench rnnning 
north from the Quadrilateral, this redoubtable Strong 
1)oint was af last captured with comparatively small loss 
after what must be conceded as a magnificent defence, 
and which had cost the Division upwards of 3,500 casual- 
ries. Nine machine-guns and 160 unwounded prisoners 
were taken in the Quadrilateral and many Germans kilIed. 
The Quadrilateral once captured, the advance was 
carried forward for 1,000 yards to within hall a toile of 
Morval and Lesboeufs. These, which were thé original 
objectives on thc 13th September, were now to be attacked 
on the 25th September. Relieved for test on the 16th, 
the Division came in again on 21st Septembcr, and dug 
good assembly trenches. The most forward portion of 
the line taken over by the Division consisted of 250 yards 
of one of the main German trenches, which was held by 
the Germans on both flanks for some distance. Fortun- 
ately we were in possession of the communication trench 
leading up to it, and during the three nights after taking 
over considerable excitement and amusement were caused 
by the occasional arrival of German ration parties at our 
part of the trench, having failed to hit off the part occupied 
by their own troops. Uttering many guttural oaths these 
fled for their lives, speeded up by out machine and Lewis 
guns. A few prisoners were captured in this way, and 
some valuable information obtained. Spurred on appar- 
ently by the loss of their rations, the Germans attacked 
on the 24th September both flanks of this trench under 
cover of a mist, but were driven back without reaching 
it, except on the extreme right. Here they entered a 
bombing post, but were ejected, leaving one officer and 
twelve other ranks dead and an unwounded prisoner, 
while out casualties were practically nil. 
The objective allotted to the Division for the 25th Sep- 
tember was the ground between the north end of Morval 


(attacked by 5th Division) and the road which passes 
through the centre of Lesboeufs. At 12.35 p.m. the 
attack was launched--the 16th lnfantry Brigade on the 
right gaining the first objective with the Buffs, and the 
final objective with K.S.L.I. and the ¥. and L. On 
the left the 2nd D.L.I. and the Essex captured the first 
objective, and the West ¥orks and two companies 14th 
D.L.I. the final objective. This was one of the most 
successful bttles on the Somme--thanks to good wether 
and observation, a carefully arranged creeping barrage, 
and a sound preliminary bombardment. 
The Division captured over 500 prisoners, 6 machine- 
guns, and 4 heavy trench-mortars. Tanks were hot used. 
We here turned the tables on the 52nd Division, 26th 
Reserve Corps, our old opponents at Ypres, where the 
ground was all in their favour and where they had proved 
troublesome antagonists. 
After consolidating its ground the Division was re- 
lieved by the 20th Division on 30th September, and the 
long struggle began for the possession of the high ground 
overlooking the Bapaume-Le Transloy Road. 
On 7th October the XIV Corps (20th and 56th Divisions) 
attacked with only partial success, and the 6th Division 
was brought in again on night 8/9th October for a 
gcneral attack on the 12th 0ctober. The enemy had dug 
a series of trenches named by us Rainbow-Cloudy- 
Misty-Zenith, etc., a portion of which had been captured 
by us, making a somewhat pronounced salient. All three 
brigades were in the line, with one battalion in front 
trenches, the 71st lnfantry Brigade (Brig.-Gen. E. 
Feetham) being in the salient, with the 16th lnfantry 
Brigade on the right and the 18th Infantry Brigade 
on the left. The objective of the attack of the 12th 
October was the line of trenches running north from 
Le Transloy. 
At 2.5 p.m. the flank brigades attacked, but with only 
partial success. The failure to make ground, which was 

general all along the British front, was attributed fo want 
of surprise, as we had bombarded the position for two 
days, and always attacked in the early afternoon. Fur- 
ther, the ground was very heavy and observation ex- 
tremely bad. The Germans were fresh troops, and fought 
well. 1)erhaps more than anything it was due fo the 
effect of their machine-gun tire. Taught by our creeping 
barrage that machine-guns in the front line were useless, 
the enemy had drawn them across the valley towards 
the road, and caught our advance over the brow of the 
rise with accurate distant machine-gun tire. 
Changing the rime of zero, the attack was renewed af 
5.35 a.m. on the 15th October, the 18th Infantry Brigade 
on the left (2nd D.L.I. and llth Essex) attempting fo 
seize those portions of Cloudy and Mild trenches still held 
by the enemy, while the Sherwood Foresters on their 
right attacked some gun pifs which lay about 200 yards 
in front of their line. This latter attack succeeded, but 
with the great loss of Colonel Hobbs, O.C. The Foresters; 
who died of his wounds. The left attack ruade a little 
ground. A final attempt fo push forward the line was 
ruade on the 18th October by the 9th orfolks, but was 
only partially successful. 
On 20th October the Division (less artillery) was relieved 
and moved fo the First Army, going into Corps Reserve 
of the I Corps, with Divisional Headquarters af Béthune 
and the units in the town and surrounding area. 
The artillery of the Division (Brig.-Gen. E. S. Cleeve, 
C.R.A.) had first corne into action on the Somme on the 
3rd September, supporting the attack of the 16th Division 
on Guillemont. It was grouped and re-grouped in accord- 
ance with the requirements of the situation, but never 
as a whole covered the operations of the Division. 
On the 9th ovember it was withdrawn and marched 
fo First Army area, where for about a month it covered 
the 56th Division, XI Corps, with 6th D.A.H.Q. af La 
Gorgue, rejoining the Division in I Corps in December. 

Brig.-Gen. E. F. Delaforce replaced Brig.-Gen. Cleeve as 
C.R.A. on 25th October. 
The Division had taken purt us a whole in three geneml 
attacks on the Somme (15th and 25th September and 12th 
October), and had also carried out subordinute operations 
on 13th and 18th September and 18th October. 
It had suffercd casualties amounting fo 277 officers and 
6,640 other ranks, and hud well earned a rest. 




O 25th November the Division took over the La Bassée 
sector, which included the famous Givenchy Ridge and 
Cuinchy Brickstacks. After about a month it side- 
stepped to the Cambrin-Hohenzollern Quarries front of 
about 5,500 yards, where it remuined until the 28th Feb- 
ruary 1917. Ail this front had a most evil repute, but 
so exhausted was the enemy by the Somme fighting that 
this four months' trench sojourn proved the quietest the 
Division ever experienced, except before the storm of 
March 1918, and the casualties would have been far fewer 
had it not been for several raids carried out by us. 
The machine-guns of the Division were strengthened on 
15th December by the arrival of the 192nd M.G. Company, 
and on 2nd January 1917 Lt.-Col. G. F. B. Goldney, 
D.S.O., succeeded Lt.-Col. H. R. S. Christie as C.R.E., 
the latter having been nearly a year with the Division. 
On the 1st Mrch the Division took over a 11,000 yards' 
front extending north from the Double Crassier at Loos 
with sectors Loos-14bis-]-Iulluch-Hohenzollern, all three 
brigades being in line and a brigade of the 21st Division 
also which came under the command of G.O.C., 6th 
Mrch and the first portion of hpril were notable for 
raids and counter-raids, and for considerable artillery and 
trench-mortar activity, which gave place to more or less 
continuous fighting consequent on the withdrawl of the 
enemy opposite the right of the Division after the success- 
ful attack by the Canadians at Vimy. 
Notice was received on the morning of the 13th April 

that a withdrawal was contemplated by the enemy oppo- 
site part of the Divisional front. The right section of the 
front was at that rime held by the 16th Infantry Brigmàe, 
with the 2nd York and Lancaster Regiment on its right. 
On the 13th April the withdrawal commenced, the enemy 
being so closely followed up by the York and Lancaster 
Regiment that by 6.20 p.m. the brigade was able to report 
the Railway Triangle in our occupation, and the whole 
of the lmttalion in the enemy's trenches. Our troops 
were into the enemy's dug-outs before the candles left 
by them hmà burnt out. 
The policy laid down for the Division was that the 
enemy was to be closely followed up wherever he fell 
back, but that our troops were not to be committed to 
a serious engagement. In accordnce with these instruc- 
tions the enemy's trenches were subjected fo hcavy bom- 
bardment, with pauses during which patrols were sent 
forward and occupied as much ground as they could. 
This policy was maintained for four days, during which 
the 16th Infantry Brigade pressed the encmy with such 
vigour, within the limits allowed to it, that he was evi- 
dently rushed ather farther back than had been his in- 
tention, and began to become apprehensive as to his hold 
on Hil170. The opposition stiffened on the 15th April, and 
on the 16th a counter-attack drove the 1st Thc Buffs 
back slightly, but was unsuccessful against the 8th Bed- 
fordshire Regiment on the right. An advanced post of the 
latter battalion put up a very fine defence and maintained 
its position. A further attack on this battalion on the 
following day again failed to shake the defence. 
On the 16th April a systematic bombardment of the 
trenches on Hill 70 was commenced, and authority was 
given for a slightly greater employment of force. Attacks 
on the 18th and 19th April, by the 1st K.S.L.I. and the 
8th Bedfordshire Regiment, gained some ground and gave 
us between forty and fifty prisoners. 
By this rime continuous figlting, under vcry trying 

weather conditions, had exhausted the 16th Infantry 
Brigade. In order to mintain the pressure it became 
necessary to withdraw battlions from the front of the 
other brigades and to put them straight in on the offensive 
front, replacing them by the battalions withdrawn from 
that front. 
An attck by the 14th D.L.I. on the 21st April in 
conjunction with the left of the 46th Division, who by 
this time had relieved the 24th on the right of the 6th 
Division, yielded thirty-five prisoners and two machine- 
guns, and disposed of a strong machine-gun nest on the 
Double Crassier Railway which had bee.n holding up our 
right. Two counter-attacks were repelled, and on the 
22nd April the 14th D.L.I. and the llth Essex Regiment 
delivered a combined attack. The 14th D.L.I. secured 
the whole of their objective, with forty-six prisoners and 
three machine-guns, but the llth Essex Regiment was 
unable to gain any ground. The 46th Division had been 
prevented by uncut wire from co-operating in the attack, 
with the result that the 14th D.L.I., after enduring a 
very heavy bombardment with exemplary dctermination, 
were eventully sniped and mchine-gunned out of the 
captured line from the houses on their right. Eventually 
the position stabilized itself, with the enemy in possession 
of Nash Alley. 
During ten days the Division had been engaged in 
continuous fightig on the front of one brigade, whilst 
holding with the other two a front of approximately 7,000 
yards. Four battalions from other brigades, in addition 
to its own four, had passed through the hands of the 
16th Infantry Brigade which was conducting the fighting. 
Battalions relieved from the fighting front one night were 
put straight into the line elsewhere on the following night, 
and bttalions which had already done a long continuous 
tour in the trenches were relieved one night, put into the 
fighting front on the following night, and twenty-four 
hours later had to delivcr an att«ck. The enemy, con- 

cerned about the rate of IIill 70, concentrated a very 
formidable artillery on the narrow front involved, and 
the bombardments and barrages on the front of attack 
were of exceptional severity. The extent to which the 
Division was stretched on the rest of its front is exem- 
plified by two incidents. On one occasion an enemy 
rid penetrated both our front and support lines without 
being detected or meeting anyone, and came upon our 
reserve line by chance at the only plae on the front of 
the brigade concerned where there was one company in 
that line. At another part of the front it was round, wlmn 
normal conditions were restored, that in n abandoned 
part of our front line between two posts, the enemy had 
actually ruade himself so much at home that he had 
cstablished a small dump of rations and bombs. 
For the manner in which the Division had fol]owed up 
and pressed the enemy withdrawal it received the thanks 
of the Commander-in-Chier. 
On the 26th June 1@17 the 46th Division was engaged 
on our right in ative opcrations in the outskirts of Lens. 
The 2nd Sherwood Foresters and the 9th Norfolk Regi- 
ment were plced at the disposal of the 46th Division 
for these operations. The 9th Norfolk Regimcnt was not 
actively engaged, but thc 2nd Shcrwood Foresters, used 
in the later stages of the attak, fought with great 
gallantry and suffered fairly heavily. 
On the 25th July the Division was relieved after a 
continuous tour in the Loos front of ]ust under rive 
months--a period of particularly bitter and severe trench 
warfare. Trench-mortaring was continuous on both sides 
on the greater part of the front held, and shelling heavy. 
The artillery suffered no less severely than the infantry, 
owing to the very restricted choice of positions and the 
advantages of the observation enjoyed by the enemy. 
Raids and counter-raids were numerous. An analysis of 
the diary shows that during the six months from the end 
of January to the end of July the Division carried out 

30 raids, er which 13 were successful in obtaining their 
objective and securing prisoners (total for the 13 raids : 54), 
11 secured their objective but failed fo yicld any pris- 
oners, and only 6 definitely failed. During the saine 
period the enemy attempted 21 raids, of which only 4 
succeeded in taking prisoners, 5 entered our trenches 
without securing any prisoners, and 12 were entire failures. 
Three of the enemy's attempted raids yielded us prisoners, 
and 4 yielded identifications. The low average of pris- 
oners taken by us in successful raids is attributable to 
two causes--first the extraordinary precautions taken by 
the enemy in the latter part of the period fo avoid losing 
prisoners by evacuating his trenches on the slightest 
alarm or remaining in his dug-outs, and secondly the 
fierceness engendered in our troops by the severity of the 
bombardment, and particularly of the trench-mortaring 
to which they were normally subjected. 
A very successful battalion raid by the 1st The Buffs 
on the 24th June, which yielded 15 prisoners, might bave 
ruade a better shoving if if had not folloved closely on 
the receipt of the mail containing accounts of an enemy 
bombing raid on Folkestone. 
It is invidious to differentiate among so many carefully 
prepared and gallantly executed enterprisesj but a refer- 
ence to the successful battalion raid of the l lth Essex 
Regiment on the 24th lIarch, fo the raid carried out by 
the 14th D.L.I. on the 15th June, in the early morning 
which caught the Germans at breakfast, and particularly 
to the combined raid by the 2nd D.L.I. and the llth 
Essex Regiment on the 28th June, will perhaps be for- 
given. The latter was an exceptionally fine performance.- 
It was carried out in connection with the operations of 
the 46th Division already referred to, by one company 
from each of the two battalions. Everything possible 
had been done beforehand fo induce the enemy to expect 
attack on the front of the Division, yet these tvo com- 
panies succeeded in establishing and naintaining them- 

selves for one hour in the enemy's line, though constantly 
counter-attacked. They inflicted very heavy casualties 
on the enemy, who counter-attacked both over the open 
and by bombing along the trenches. It was on this 
occasion that 2/Lieut. F. B. Wearne, late l lth Essex 
Regiment, won the V.C. Mcntion ought also fo be made 
of the very gallant repulse of an cnemy raid by the 
K.S.L.I. and the 1st The Buffs on the 7th July. In one 
post of the 1st K.S.L.I. one wounded Lewis gunner, the 
only survivor of his post from the enemy bombardment, 
kept his gun in action and beat off the raiders. 
On the 25th July the Division was relicved by the 
Canadians, with a view to an attack by the lattcr on 
ttill 70, and withdrew into test in the Monchy-Breton 
area with Divisional Headquarters af Ourton. 
A feature of this period of rest was the very successful 
two-day rifle meeting, held on the Monchy-Breton Range. 
During the month's rest out of the line Major-Gen. Ross 
left the Division, being succeedcd in command by Major- 
Gen. T. O. Marden, C.M.G., on the 19th August, and 
Brig.hGen. Feetham, C.B., C.M.G., left the 71st Infantry 
Brigade fo assume command of the 39th Division, in 
command of which he was killed in March 1918. 
From the 31st July fo the 5th August the 1st Leicester- 
shire Regiment and 9th Norfolk Regiment were away 
from the Division, lent fo the 57th Division fo assist in 
a relief af the rime of the gas shelling of Armentières. 
On the 24th fo the 27th August the Division was re- 
lieving the Canadians on the ttill 70 front. The month 
spent in that sector was one of hard work for all ranks 
consolidating the newly won position, but was without 
important incident. 
On the 24th September the Division side-stepped into 
the Cité St. Emile sector just north of Lens, and com- 
menced preparations for an attack north of Lens, to be 
carried out in conjunction with the projected attack by 
the Canadian Corps on Sallaumines Iii]l. This project 

was, however, abandoned, and on the 23rd Octobcr the 
Division was withdrawn into rest in the St. ttilaire area, 
west of Lil!ers. 
Six d,ys later it commenced its march south to the 
Riencourt area, fo join the Third Army for the ]3attle of 
The llth Leicesters (Pioneers) had gone north to the 
II Corps, fo w0rk on light raihvay construction near 
Dickebusch on 2nd July 1917. Their absence was much 
felt by the Division, and in view of the approaching 
operations they were welcomed back on 6th November, 
whcn they brought with them  letter from G.O.C., 
II Corps (Lt.-Gen. Jacob) congratulating them on their 
excellcut work. 
Before leaving the subject of the tour of the Division 
in the Loos-Lens front, some reference ought to be 
ruade to the successes won during that period by the 
Division in horse shows. After practically sweeping the 
board in all events ,nt the I Corps show for which it was 
eligible to enter, the Division secured seven first and eight 
second prizes at the First Army show, as well as the cup 
for the best R.A. turn-out presented by G.O.C., R.A., 
First Army, and also that for the best R.E. turn-out, 
presented by the C.E., First Army. 
The Divisional mmunition Column secured prizes for 
the two best teams of mules, the best single mule, nd 
the best light draught horse. 



TIIE general situation on the British ¥estern Front in 
November 1917, though fairly uaiversally known to-day, 
may now be outlined, and the hopes and aires which led 
fo the Cambrai offensive be touchcd on shortly. Thc 
prolonged and hard-fought attacks in Flandcrs by thc 
British, and in othcr portions of the front by thc French, 
had caused he enemy to concentrate his forces in thc 
threatened sectors, denuding those portions of the line 
which appeared reasonably sure and quiet. The Cambrai 
sector was included among the latter, for hot only was 
the ground vcry open, forbidding fo us the unseen con- 
centration of the large forces and masses o[ heavy artillery 
which af that period were deemed essential, but also the 
Hindenburg Line was immensely strong and the trenches 
so widc that the tanks in use by us could not cross them. 
This enemy sector was, there[ore, particularly suitable 
for surprise by us, as if was deemed by the enemy fo 
be unassailable. 
The Hindenburg Line ran north-west for six mlles from 
the St. Quentin Canal af Banteux fo Havrincourt on the 
Canal du qord, where if bent sharply north for four toiles 
fo Mceuvres, thus making a pronounced salient. The 
Commander-in-Chief's plan was to smash the salient, fo 
occupy the high ground overlooking Cambrai--notably 
the Bourlon Wood Ridge--push cavalry through the gap 
in order to disorganise communications and the arrival 
of reinforcements, and fo roll up the enemy's defences to 
the north-west. 
The French hcld considerable forces in the immediate 

vicinity fo exploit successes. If was reckoned that the 
eneny could not reinforce his front under forty-eight 
hours. Everything depended in the first instance on 
successful surprise, and in the second on securing within 
forty-eight hours the important tactical points within the 
salient. The difficultics of surprise, which were nmny 
and serious, were most successfully overcome, but the 
enterprise failed eventually because the key points were 
hOt seized. 
The principal factors operating against success were 
the linlited hours of daylight and the long distances to be 
traversed both by mon and by tanks, which, though 
vastly improved since 1916, were still very slow. There 
was also, in the case of securing the high ground wcst of 
Canbrai, the caml fo be crossed by tanks. While smash- 
ing in the enemy's salient we ourselves were naking a 
salient, extending our front, as far as the Third Arny 
was concerned, from a straight 7,000 yards to a curving 
15,000 yards, thus affording the eneny a chance of a 
blow af the sides and hinges of the salient, of which he 
availed himself fo good purpose ten days after our initial 
To ensure success the troops .which were to undertake 
operations practised -ith tanks in back areas, and officers 
and men went through the operation on a carefully nmde 
ground nodel without being aware what ground if repre- 
sented. Units were brought up just before the 20th of 
Novenber, the day of the attack, narching by night and 
hiding in villages and woods by day. In sonm cases 
battalions were quartered in fiat canvas erections, looking 
like anmunition or supply dunps. The 6th Division 
were fortunate in being in woods and destroyed villages. 
No unusual activity on ground or in the air was allowed, 
no guns registered as had been usual, even the tIonm 
nails were stopped for a short period, and a screen of the 
troops which had held the line for sone time was kept 
in front trenches to the last. Under General ]3yng's 

initiative the difculty of tanks crossing the wide Hin- 
denburg Line trenches was overcomc by cach tank carry- 
ing on its brow a huge faggot which it deposited in the 
trench at its selected crossing-place, and which gave ifs 
rail a purchase to enable it to climb the opposite side of 
the tïench. The ground was very suitable for tanls, as 
it was moderately hard grass land, and the first portion 
of the attack on much of the front was downhill. 
The III Corps (Lt.-Gen. Sir W. Pu]teney) was on the 
right, and consisted of thc 12th, 20th, and 6th Divisions, 
which attacked in the order namcd. The lcft corps (IV) 
consisted of the 51st and 62nd Divisions. These covcrcd 
the six miles with an avcrage frontage of ont and a ha]f 
toiles. The 6th Division attaclcd on the front Vi]lers 
Plouich-Beaucamps, with the 71st Infantry Brigade 
(Brig.-Gen. P. W. Brown) on the left next fo the 51st 
Division, the 16th Infantry Brigade (Brig.-Gen. H. A. 
Walker) on the right next to the 20th Division. Thcse 
two brigades were fo advance about 3,000 yards to the 
first objective (Ribécourt and spur fo south-east of it), 
and another 1,000 yards to the second objective (support 
system). The 18th Infantry Brigade (Brig.-Gen. G. S. G. 
Craufurd) was ordered to advance through the 71st In- 
fantry Brigade and secure the third objective about a 
toile farther on (Premy Chapel 1Ridge), throwing back a 
defensive flank towards Flesqui6res for the further opera- 
tions of the 51st Division on its left and securing the 
flank of the 29th Division on its right. The latter division 
passing through the right of the ôth Division and the left 
of the 20th Division, was charged with securing the 
crossings of the St. Quentin Canal af lIarcoing and 
Masnières and seizing the high ground af 1RumiIly, thus 
fcilitating exploitation to the south-east, preventing a 
concentration against the widely stretched defensive 
flanks of the III Corps and threatcning Cambrai. 
The Divisionl Artillery was reinforced during the first 
part of the operations by the 17h Brigade of the 29th 

Division and the 181st Brigade of the 40th Division, as 
well as by two Brigades. Batteries moved into 
position and camouflaged their guns. No registration 
cottld, of course, take place, but long practice cnabled the 
gunners to put down a very accurate barrage ithout 
this desideratum. 
Opposite the Division the Hindenburg Line commenced 
with an outpost line 750 yards distant on the left and 250 
yards on the right. This was out of sight of our front 
trenches by reason of the curve of the ground, ttalf a 
toile behind this came the main system, consisting of 
two trenches 200 yards apart, the whole guarded by most 
formidable bclts of wire about 150 yards in depth. The 
intcrval between and main systems was sown 
with wcll-sighted and concealed machine-gun positions. 
A toile farther on, and on the opposite side of the valley 
for thc most part, ran the support system, similai to thc 
main system. One and a hall miles farther back again 
was the reserve system, of which only machine-gun dug- 
ours were completed, and a small amount of wire had 
been erected. 
Two battalions of tanks, each of thirty-six tanks, were 
allotted to the Division. " B " Battalion (Lt.-Col. E. D. 
Bryce, D.S.O.) operated with the 16th Infantry ]rigade, 
and "H" Battalion (Lt.-Col. tion. C. Willoughby) 
with the 71st Infantry Brigade. The 18th Infantry 
Brigade advanced without tanks. The only points which 
caused anxiety, provided that the tanks functioned satis- 
factorily, were Couillet Wood on the right of the 16th 
Infantry Brigade front, in which tanks cofld not operate, 
and RitCourt Village on the left of the 71st Infantry 
Brigade front. 
The former was successfully cleared by the Buffs, and 
the latter gallantly captured by the 9th Norfolk Regiment; 
the 1 lth Essex clearing and securing it for the advance 
of the 18th Infantry Brigade, while the 71st Infantry 
Brigade attacked the second objective. 


The 18th Infantry Brigade pushed through the 71st 
Infantry Brigade and secured Premy Chapel Ridge in 
good tinm, and rendered great assistance to the 51st 
Division on our left, who were held up at Flesquières by 
guns in the valley picking off the tanks onc by one as 
thcy breasted thc ridge. Thc Wcst Yorks and the 2nd 
D.L.I. each charged over the Prcmy Ridge spur and 
captured a battery at the point of the bayonet. 
At 3.15 p.m. the cavalry, who would have been of the 
ga'eatest assistance in capturing the enemy guns holding 
up the 51st Division, rcported that they could hot advance 
owing to snipers in Ribéconrt. Thc village had bccn in 
our possession since 10 a.m., and the 1,qth Iuf,utry Brigadc 
h&d passed through it at 11.30, and werc now two milis 
beyond it. Howcver, the cavalry pushcd through patrols 
bcfore nightfall fo Nine Wood. 
A comp,ny of the 9th uffolk Rcgimeut successful}y 
carried out ifs mission of advancing wihout artil}ery or 
t&nk support, and capturing the bridge at Marcoing. The 
Division hm] a most successful day, with vcry ligbt 
casualties (about 650), capturing 28 officers and 1,227 
other ranks prisoners, 23 guns, and between 40 and 50 
machine-guns and many trench-mortars, and receiving 
the congratulations of the Corps Comnmnder. Every- 
thing had gone like clockwork : the artillery had pushed 
forward to advanced positions to cover the new front 
bcfore darkness came on ; the machine-guns, under Major 
Muller, D.M.G.O., were likewise established in their new 
forw,-rd positions, thanks to careful arrangements and the 
use of pack animais; and the l lth Leicesters, under 
Major Radford, were repairing and clearing the roads 
before the third objective had been secured. The tanks, 
which lmd ruade mtrprise possible, were most gallantly 
handled, and all arrangements most carefully thought 
out by Col. A. Courage, D.S.O. 
The next morning the 51st Division captured les- 
quières from the north, and three companies of the 14th 

D.L.I., moving forward slightly in advance of them and 
operating with a squadron of the Queen's Bays, entered 
Cantaing ahead of the 51st Division, handing over sub- 
sequently to the 4th Gordons. 
The Buffs, with the assistance of the tanks, completed 
the clearing of lloyelles (a village some 2,500 yards north- 
east of Premy Chapel), which had been entered the 
prcvious day by the 29th Division, and relievcd the latter 
thcre. On the night of the 26/27th lovember the 18th 
Infantry Brigade extended its left up to the south-east 
edge of Cantaing. 
About hall a mile of the original front had been handed 
over to the 29th Division, and the 6th Division now held 
a rectangular strip 2,500 yards by 7,000 yards, with the 
head af Cantaing and Noyelles, and the rear in the ttin- 
denburg Main Line. The 29th Division had a precarious 
hold of the ground across the canal on the right, and the 
Guards Division was having hard fighting at Fontaine on 
the left. 
Comparing the position with the back of a man's left 
hand, the 6th Division occupied the third finger, the 29th 
Division the main finger, the 20th Division the index 
finger, the 12th Division the portion below the index 
finger down to the Iower portion of the thumb when fully 
extended, the 55th Division occupied the thumb. Such 
was the situation when the enemy delivered a heavy 
counter-attack, on the morning of the 30th November, 
on the 29th, 20th and 12th Divisions of the III Corps 
and the 55th Division of the VII Corps, driving the 20th 
aud 12th Divisions on to the main finger except for a 
few posts, and occupying the thumb. 
The Germans reached Gouzeaucourt at about 9 a.m., 
but were stoutly opposed by transport details of the 
18th Infantry Brigade, who most gallantly led by Lieut. 
and Quartermaster J. P. L. Shea, 2nd D.L.I., and Capt. 
and Adjurant W. Paul, 1st West Yorks, checked the 
enemy in a portion of the village until it was retaken by 

the Gua.rds about midday. These two brave officers, 
whose initiative and sound military action probbly saved 
the situation from becoming much worse, were both 
wounded, and subsequently died of their wounds, a great 
loss to their batta.lions and to the Division. 
A Staff-Ofiïcer arrived from the 29th Division about 
9 a.m., and reported thcir DivisionM Headquartcrs just 
north-east of Gouzeaucourt to have been capturcd nd the 
Germa.ns entering the village, which was about two mlles 
to the right rear of 6th Divisionl ]-Ieadquartcrs. The 
16th Infntry Brigade, which was in Divisional Reserve 
in the Hindenburg Main Line some two toiles away, was 
ordered up to the ridge between Beaucamps and Gouzcau- 
court. Brig.-Gcn. WMkcr, conmanding 16th Infantry 
Brigade, who ws ordered to report to G. O. C., 29th Division, 
t Gouzcucourt, narrowly escaped capture, togcther with 
his Brigade-Major, the cnemy now bcing in possession of 
the village. G.O.C., 29th Division, had in the meanimc 
passed through 6th Divisional Hedquarters, and gonc 
forward to his line. 
The situation was now very confused, as all wires to 
corps had been cut, but it was evident that tlmre was a 
gap between 12th and 20th Divisions, the ltter still 
holding on to La Vacquerie, a strong point on the ridge 
two mlles east of Beaucamps. The 16th Infantry Brigade 
was ordered to retake Gouzeaucourt, aided by some tnks 
which were at Beaucamps, and advanced about 3 p.m., 
but found the Guards Mready in the village. It therefore 
took up a position in the rond between Gouzeaucourt and 
Villers Plouich, to the left of the Guards, and prepred 
to attck Cemetcry lidge between Gonnelieu and La 
Vacquerie, so as to re-establish the line. Patrols reported 
no enemy activity, and as there were no guns availble 
(ail in this sector having been captured or out of action) 
the Divisional Commander (Gen. Mrden) thought a 
surprise attack by moonlight might succeed in capturing 
this important ridge before the enemy could reinforce it. 

An attack was launched af I a.m. hand in hand with 20th 
Division, but though most gallantly pushed, failed owing 
te loss of direction and henry enemy machinc-gun tire. 
The ridge was captured by a Gurds Brigade the next 
morning at 6.30 a.m., by the nid of tanks and artillery. 
In the meantime the Reserve Bttalion of the 18th 
Inf:mtry Brigade {14th D.L.I.), and a batta]ion lent by 
the 57th Division, took up a position on Highland lidge 
îacing east, thus completely securing the flank. 
On 2nd December the 16th Infantry Brigade was with- 
drawn and ordcred te relieve 87th Infantry Brigade (29th 
Division), which had been having stiff fighting across and 
astride thc canal east of Marcoing. Thc 14th D.L.I. 
{ 18th Infantry Brigade) were lent te 16th Infantry Brigade 
and on the night of 2nd/3rd December occ:picd the south 
portion of thc loop across the canal, the K.S.L.I. taking 
over the north hall. The 88th Infantry Irigade (29th 
Division) hcld tlm gro::nd south of thc canal. The -hole 
position was  sa.lient subject te shell, rifle and machine- 
gun tire frein north, south and east. The 14th D.L.I. 
position had no wire, and only hastily dug trenches. At 
10.30 a.m., aftcr a henry bombardment, the enemy 
attacked the 14th D.L.I. and the battalion of the 29th 
Division south of the canal, penetrating the trenches, but 
was counter-attacked and driven et:t. At 11.30 a.m. he 
attacked again with similar results. At 12.15 p.m. he 
attacked both D.L.I. and K.S.L.I. and penetrated the 
right of thc D.L.I., btt was again drivcn out. With a final 
attack at 12.45 p.m. the cnemy succeeded in foring both 
bttalions across the canal by sheer weight of mmbers. 
Two co:npanies of the 8th Bedords new reinforced the 
14th D.L.I., and this force again counter-attacked and 
recovered the bridge-head at dusk; the 88th Infant.ry 
Brigade, assisted by 2nd Y. and L., having also counter- 
attacked successfully south of the canal. Losses were, 
however, henry, and the line was gradually withdrawn 
under Corps orders during the next t'o days te the 

Hindeaburg support system, which became our front line. 
The 14th D.L.I. îought magnificently, losing 15 officers 
and 262 other ranks, more than half being killed. Capt. 
Lascelles, who led two of the counter-atta.cks and was 
twice wounded, here gained his V.C. The 16th M.G.C., 
both north and south of the canal, had very heavy 
losses, but put up a splendid resistance. 
The only othcr incidents of note were the repulse by 
the 18th Inf,ntry Brigade of a half-hearted enemy a.ttack 
on on the 1st Dccembcr, and D.H.Q. bcing 
three rimes shellcd out of ifs Headquartcrs betwcen 
30th November and 9th Dccember. 
During tbe vholc period--20tb Novembcr fo 6th Dc- 
cember--the Divisional Artillcry were constantly changing 
position in order fo support the infantry, either in advance 
or retirement, as closely as possible. It was a welcome 
change fo them after the many weary months of position, a.nd if naay be said, without fcar of contradiction, 
tlmt both brigades and ba.tteries were extrcmely ably 
handled, and that the D.A.C. never left a battery short 
of ammunition, in spire of very long distances and rough 
On 10th December the Division (less artillery) was 
withdra.wn to rest in the Basseux area south-west of Arras, a strenuous three weeks. 
The Divisional Artillery remained in action, covering 
the 18th Division. A little later the 2nd Brigade, R.F.A., 
was withdrawn fo rest, but the 24th Brigade, R.F.A., 
continued in the line. 




ArE a month's rest in the Basseux area, during the 
first fcw days of which the 16th and 18th Infantry brigades 
were placed at the disposal of the 3rd Division to relieve 
two of their brigades on the Bullecourt front., the Division 
moved up, commencing on the 17th January to relieve 
the 51st Division in the front line bctween Hermies and 
Boursies. A nmnth later it side-stcpped northwards, 
rclicving the 25th Division in the Lagnicourt sector. The 
pcriod up to the 21st March was one of steady work on 
defenccs, but without special incident, except a gas-shell 
attack on the 71st brigade, which caused a certaih 
amount of casualties. 
During this period Infantry brigades were reduced to 
three battalions each--the 9th Suffolk Regiment, 8th 
Bedford Regiment, and 14th Durham Light Infantry 
being disbanded between 1st and 16th February. Shortly 
afterwards the three Machine-gun Companies and the 
Divisional Machine-gun Company were organized into 
the 6th Machine-gun Battalion, under the command of 
Lt.-Col. Rosher, D.S.O., latc commanding 14th D.L.I. 
Some description of the ground and defensive organiza- 
tion of the Division will not be out of place here. The 
front held by the Division was generally on a forward 
slope opposite the villages of Quéant and Pronville. 
No Man's Land averaged three-quarters of a mile in 
width. The whole area was downland, and very suitable 
for the action of tanks. The position lay astride a succes- 
sion of well-defined broad spurs and narrow valleys (like 
the fingers of a 10artially opened hand), merging into tho 

broad transverse valley which separated the British line 
from the two villages above-mentioned. All the advan- 
rages of ground lay with the defence, and if seemed as 
if no attack could succeed, unless by the aid of tanks. 
A large portion of the front line--notably the valleys-- 
was sown with 2-in. trcnch-mortar bombs with instan- 
taneous fuses, which would detonate under the pressure 
of a wagon but not of a man's foot. In addition tive 
anti-tank 18-pounder guns were placed in positions of 
vantage. The wire was very brad and thick. The 
position would, indeed, bave been allnost impregnable had 
there been sufficient rime fo complote it, nd had there 
been separate troops for countcr-attack. 
The ground was a portion of that wrcsted from the 
enemy in the Cambrai offensive of November-December 
1917, but had only improvised trenches. A month's hard 
frost in January had militated against digging, and though 
there were a complete front trench and reserve trcnch, 
the support trenches hardly existed, and dug-outs werc 
noticeable by their absence. The front was 4,500 yards 
in extent, the three brigades in linc--18th on right, 71st 
in centre, 16th on left--on approximately equal frontages. 
The depth from front or outpost zone to reserve or battle 
zone was about 2,000 yards. With only three battalions 
in a brigade, there was no option but to assign one bat- 
talion in each brigade to the defence of the outpost zones, 
and keep two battalions in depth in thc battle zone. 
With battalions af just over half-strength, and with the 
undulating nature of the ground, the defence resolved itself 
everywhere into a succession of posts with a very limited 
tield of tire. 
A good corps line called the Vaux-Morchies Line had 
been dug, the nearest portion a toile behind the reserve 
line, and this was held by the 1)ioneers and R.E., owing 
fo scarcity of numbers. 
The Right Group, R.F.A. (Lt.-Col. H. Weber), consisting 
of 2nd Brigade (less 21st Battery), supported the 18th 

Infantry Brigade; the Left Group {Lt.-Col. J. A. C. 
Forsyth), consisting of 24th Brigade, 21st Battery, and 
93rd (Army) Brigade, supported the 16th and 17th Infantry 
Reports from deserters that we were to be heavily 
attacked were persistent, and the Division stood to arms 
twice before 21st March. On 20th March aeroplane 
photos disclosed amnmnition pits for seventy extra bat- 
teries opposite the divisiona] front, and when af 5 a.m. 
on 21st March the bombardment commenced, there was 
no doubt but that a real offensive had begun. Warning 
had been given overnight for all troops to be in battle 
positions by 5 a.m., but it came too late to stop working 
parties, and the reserve battalions of all brigades had 
marched ten mlles before the battle commenced. 
Fog favoured the Germans in that it prevented us 
seeing when the attack was la.unched, but every credit 
must be given them for the skill they evinced and the 
dash with which they pushed forward and brought up 
successive waves of attackers. By concentrating their 
efforts on thc three main val]eys, i.e. Noreuil Va]]ey on 
our extreme left, Lagnicourt Val]ey in the centre and 
Morchies Valley on our extreme right, they avoided m, uch 
of the tire which they would have encountered on the 
broad spurs, and thus worked round and isolated the 
garrisons of the latter. For rive hours the bombardment 
continued with tremendous force, first with gas and H.E. 
on back areas to cut communications and disorganize 
reinforcements, later about 7 to 8 a.m. with smoke and 
H.E. on the forward system. The intensity of it may 
be gauged by the fact that four out of rive concealed 
anti-tank guns were knocked out by direct hits. 
This bombardment annihilated the garrisons of the 
forward system, and few survivors came back to the 
reserve line. 
The only authenticated accounts of a successful resist 
ance in the front system were from the 71st Inïantry 

Brigade, whcre both 9th Norfolks and 2nd Sherwood 
Foresters repulsed the first attack. By 10.30 a.m. the 
enemy had nearly reached Norcuil and had driven back 
the 59th Division on our left, leaving the left flank of 
the 16th Infantry Brigade in the air, while its right flank 
went shortly aIterwards, as the encmy captured Lagni- 
court, driving in the Sherwood Forestcrs in the vallcy. 
• The 16th Infantry Brigade was gradually squeezcd out 
towards the corps line, where at 4 p.m. parties from the 
Divisional Bombing School counter-attacked and drove 
the enemy out of trenches on the immediate left. The 
71st Infantry Brigade, with its right flank secure, threw 
back a defensive flank south-west of Lagnicourt, and 
successfully prevented issue from that village to thc high 
ground. The enemy broke into Skipton Reserve Strong 
Point, but were thrown ouV again by a counter-attack 
of Norfolks and Leicesters. 
Coming up a subsidiary valley the enemy nearly drove 
a wedge between 71st and 18th Infantry Brigades, but 
the 2nd D.L.I. counter-attacked gallantly and kept thcm 
out till dusk. On the right of the 18th hfantry Brigade, 
however, the enemy advanced up the Morchies Valley, 
capturing the left trenches of the 51st Division on out 
right at about 10 a.m. 
The 2nd West ¥orks, reinforced by two companies 
llth Essex, gallantly led by Lt.-Col. Boyall, D.S.O., who 
was subsequently wounded and captured, ch'ove back 
three attacks issuhg from out support line. The 18th 
Infantry Brigade held on till 7 p.m. when, in tryig to 
withdraw, it suffered heavy casualties. The last company 
was uot overwhelmed till 8.30 p.m. The 18th and 71st 
hffantry Brigades, therefore, maintained their hold on the 
ground Lagnicourt and the Morchies Valley ail day, though 
the enemy had 1)enetrated far in rear on both flanks. 
When darless fell the remnants of the Division were 
back in the corps lhe, together with three battalions of 
the 75th Infantry Brigade (25th Division), the remaining 


troops of the Division not being strong enough fo hold the 
line unaided. The 1 lth Cheshires were with 18th Infantry 
Brigade, 2nd South Lancs with 71st Infantry Brigade, 
and 8th Border Regiment with 16th Infantry Brigade. 
The night was quiet, both sides preparing for the next 
day's struggle. 
Af 7.30 a.m. on 22nd March the 16th Infantry Brigade 
repulsed an attack, but the enemy renewed his efforts 
with great persistence, and with much heavy bombardment 
and trcnch-mortaring, af 9.30 a.m. and onwards in the 
vicinity of Vaux and Méricourt Woods. Though frequent 
counter-attacks were ruade, the troops were forced back 
little by littlc from the corps line towards some improvised 
trenches hastily dug under the C.R.E.'s (Col. Goldney) 
diL'ection some 1,000 yards in rear, and manned partially 
by men from tlie Corps Reinforcement Camp under Major 
Jones of the 2nd D.L.I. As an example of the tenacious 
fighting, a sunken road which contained the Headquarters 
of the 16th and 71st Infantry Brigades changed hands 
three times. Throughout the day Lt.-Col. Latham, 
D.S.O., commanding 1st Leicesters, and Lt.-Col. Dumbell, 
D.S.O., commanding llth Battalion Essex egiment, 
distinguished themselves greatly in the defence of their 
sectors of the line. On the right of the Division the 
control had passed by dusk to the G.O.C., 75th Infantry 
Brigade (29th Division)--the 18th Infantry Brigade 
having only about 100 of ail ranks left. On the left there 
was a large gap between the 16th Infantry Brigade and 
the 40th Division, which had been pushed up towards 
Vaux Vraucourt,'and this the 6th Division had no troops 
with which to fill it. The enemy's pressure on the flanks 
of the 16th Infantry Brigade and in the centre on the 
71st Infantry Brigade caused the line to rail buck on the 
new Army line which was being dg and wired. This 
was done in good order, and at nightfall the weary 
remnants of the Division were relieved by the 41st Division 
and concentrated in the vicinity of Achiet, the rtillery 

remaining behind and fighting in the subsequent with- 
ch'awal up fo 26th March. 
The Division had put up a resistance of which if had 
every reason fo be proud, and which won for if the 
following letter from the G.O.C., Third Army (General 
Sir J. Byng) :-- 
"I calnot allow the 6th Division fo leave the Third 
Army without expressing my appreciation of their splen- 
did conduct during the first stages of the grcat battle 
now in progress. 
" By their devotion and courage they have broken up 
overwhehning attacks and prevented thc enemy gaining 
his object, namely a decisive victory. 
" I wish them every possible good luck." 
To this magnificent result all ranks and ail arms had 
contributed, and if is perhaps invidious fo single out 
special instances for mention. The gallant stand of the 
18th and 71st Infantry Brigades in the reserve line 
throughout the whole of the first day has alrcady bcen 
referred to. Other outstanding incidents are the counter- 
attack by part of the 2nd D.L.I. against the enemy 
advaucing from our support line, which relieved the pres- 
sure on the reserve line and captured four machine-guns ; 
the holding out of a post of the West Yorks ou the east 
side of the Morchies Valley from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. though 
completely commanded and surrounded; the counter- 
attacks by companies of the 1st Leicestershire legiment 
and 9th borfolk Regiment, which restored the situation 
in the Skipton Strong Point just east of Lagnicourt ; 
that of a company of the llth Leicestershire Regiment 
which drove the enemy out of the corps line when he 
had established a footing in it on the afternoon of the 
21st ; and that of the two platoons formed from the 16th 
Infantry Brigade School which regained posts on the 
extreme left of the corps line in the Divisional area on 
the evening of the 21st. 
Another gallant deed must be mentioned. Sergt. 

Shales, R.E., and another signaller went from 18th 
Infantry Br-igade Headquarters to a distributor statiin 
400 yards distant during the full force of the bombard- 
ment, sorted out and tested wires in the oloen, and thus 
established communication between the front trenches 
and Battaliin Headquarters. The burying and connect- 
ing up if the cable was fo have been comloleted the day 
of the attack. 
The casualties in the infantry were extremely heavy, 
amounting in the two dys fo some 3,900 out of a total 
for the Division of somewhat over 5,000 engaged, and 
out of a total trench strength of less than 5,000 infantry. 
The 18th Inf,nntry Brigade suffered particularly heavily, 
being only able fo muster in its three battalions 8 officers 
and 110 other r,nks of those who had been through the 
fight, including 32 af Battalion Headquarters. 
The Machine-gun Battalion did excellent service and 
great execution, nmny guns remaining in action untfl the 
enemy were within a few yards of them. Its losses were 
heavy--14 officers and 280 other ranks. 
The field comloanies suffered heavily, and rendered 
good service as infantry. Sloecial mention may be ruade 
of the action of 12th Field Comlany under Calot. Langley, 
who rallied some 300 stra.gglers of various units and filled 
. a galo between the 18th Infantry Brigade and troops on 
ifs left. 
The 1 lth Leicesters, under the gallant leading of Ma]or 
Radford, fought slolendidly , losing 14 officers and over 
200 other ranks. 
The artillery loerformed magnificent services, particu- 
larly on the 21st March. Ail guns that were not destroyed 
by the enemy's bombardment were fought until all the 
ammunition was exloended or the enemy's infantry 
reached their loosition. The gunners enjoyed the novel 
exloerience of firing over oloen sights and seeing the effect 
of their tire, and not only with their guns but with rifles 
and Lewis guns did they inflict very heavy casualties on 

the enemy. The 42nd Battery, having kept their three 
forward guns in action after out infantry had fallen back 
behind thcm, succeeded in bringing the two that were 
not destroyed away, under the very nose of the enemy 
and through a heavy barrage and machine-gun tire. The 
forward section of the 53rd Battery had one gun destroyed. 
Lieut. Reeves got the other into the open, and, aftcr firing 
850 rounds with it over open sights and having exhausted 
his ammunition, brought back his detachment and the 
brcech-block. The forward section of thc 87th Battery 
continued firing until rushed by the enemy's infant.ry. 
Sergt. Pengelly of the ll2th Battery, who was in com- 
mand of a 15-pounder in an anti-tank position, having 
had his gun destroyed in the prcliminary bombardnlent, 
fought for two days with the infantry, in command of a 
platoon, and did great execution himself with a pickaxe. 
A forward gun of the ll0th Battery was fought until all 
its ammunition was expended, and the breech-block was 
then removed with the enemy almost on the top of the 
gun. For over seven hours the main battery fired on 
the enemy at ranges from 1,200 to 600 yards, expending 
over 2,400 rounds. The forward gun of the 11 lth Battery, 
after expending all its ammunition (500 rounds), largcly 
over open sights, was withdrawn and brought into action 
again in the main position, a team coming up in full view 
of the enemy, and under very heavy shelling and a hail 
of btfllets, for the purpose. The ll2th Battery had two 
gtms in action in advance of the corps line. These re- 
mained in action until all their ammunition was expended, 
and the detachments then withdrew with all their wounded 
and the breech-blocks of their guns, the enemy being by 
this rime actually on the wire of the corps line. 
The instances quoted are only typical of the conduct 
of the whole of the artillery of the Division, which fully 
justified the very high reputation it has always enjoyed, 
and the confidence which the infantry of the Division 
has always felt in ifs own artillery. 

The morning of the 23rd March round the remnants of 
the Division, less artillery, assembled about Achiet-le- 
Grand and Bihucourt. The survivors of tlm 18th Infantry 
Brigade numbêred 8 officers and 110 other ranks ; those 
of the 71st Infantry Brigade 11 officers and 279 other 
ranks. Each of these brigades had had a trench strength 
on the morning of the 21st of just over 1,800 all ranks. 
Figures for the 16th Infantry Brigade are not available. 
The Division was most fortunate in having very few 
senior officers ki]led, though rnany were wounded. The 
most noticeable casualties among the killed were Major 
Lyon, 2nd Brigade, R.F.A., Majors Wi]liamson and Win- 
gate, D.S.0., M.C., R.E., and Capt. Harbottle, M.C., 1st 
Even after relief the Division was hot able to enjoy 
the rest it had so richly deserved, and of which it stood 
so much in need. The further progress of the enemy's 
attack aud constant alarms necessitated its preparing and 
• taking up a position of readiness covering Achiet, through- 
out the 23rd and the 24th. 
On the 25th March if entrained for the north, to join 
the Second Army in its old haunts in the Ypres Salient. 




Ou the 30th March, whilst in rest in the neighbourhood 
of Steenvoorde, the Division had the honour of a visit 
from His Majesty the King. Reprcsentative survivors 
of ail ranks from the recent fighting werc drawn up in 
the square and were inspected by His Majesty, who spoke 
most graciously to every individual, questioning all as to 
their experiences during the fighting, and thanking them 
for and congratulating them on thcir services. 
Af thc bcginning of April the 16th and 18th Infantry 
Brigades took ovcr the front from Broodseindc south- 
wards to Polygon Wood, coming under the XXII Corps 
(Lt.-Gen. Sir A. Godley). 
The general situation now was that the Flanders front 
was held by tired and decimated Divisions withdrawn 
from the big battle in the south. These had been brought 
up to a respectable strength by drafts from all sources-- 
wounded men belonging to other formations, I.A.S.C., 
Labour Battalions, etc., many of whom had received no 
training in infantry weapons or methods of fighting. 
Officers and men were new to each other, and there was 
no chance to train as the whole of every Division was in 
Against these forces the Germans now opencd a deter- 
mined offensive from Zandvoorde southwards. 
On the 13th April, as a result of the German successes 
on the Lys, the 71st Infantry Brigade, which was in 
reserve, had to be rushed off to join the 49th Division on 
the Neuve Eglise front. It returned to the Division on 
the 26th April aftcr a pretty rough rime, during which 

if suffcrcd considcrablc casualtics (about 750), but earned 
grcat praisc. A countcr-attack dclivcrcd by thc 9th 
Norfolk Rcgimcnt was a particularly crcditablc incident 
in this period. 
Othcrwisc the first fortnight in thc Salicnt was without 
spccial incident. On thc 16th April, in conscquencc of 
thc progrcss madc by thc encmy farthcr to thc south, 
thc Salient was rcduccd in accordancc with plan, and thc 
line withdrawn to thc battlc zone, wherc an advanccd 
force was lcft out in a line of dctachcd pill-boxes and 
works. Thc cncmy followcd up cautiously in thc aftcr- 
noon, but thc garrisons of thc line of posts by lying low 
wcrc able in scvcral cases to catch parties unawares, and 
•  fair numbcr of casualties wcrc inflicted. 0ne party of 
twenty-fivc in particular was annihflated. 
0n thc 25th April tire encmy attackcd and captured 
Kemmcl Village and Hill from thc lrcnch. This dccidcd 
thc Higher Command to withdraw thc advanccd force, 
and this was succcssfully carricd out on thc night of thc 
26/27th to thc line Wcst end of Zillcbckc Lake-White 
Incessant work on thc new dcfenccs, and hcavy shelling, 
particularly gas shelling of Yprcs, wcrc thc only incidents 
for somc timc on thc actual front of thc Division, though 
hcavy attacks on the 29th April on thc Division on thc 
right, and thc cncmy's unsucccssful attack on Ridgcwood 
on thc 8th May, kcpt it on thc alcrt. Thc Division was 
on thc cdgc of thc battlc, and stood to on scvcral occasions 
for an attack on its own front. 
On thc 1 lth to thc 14th May thc Division side-slipped 
to thc south in relief of thc 19th Division, thus coming 
ncxt door to thc 14th lrcnch Division, and passing to 
II Corps (Lt.-Gcn. Sir C. Jacob). On thc 28th May thÇ 
enemy attckcd our ncighbours on thc right and succccdcd 
in driving thcm out of Ridgcwood and almost in rcaching 
Dickcbusch Lakc. In vicw of the importance fo us of tho 
lost position, and of tho cxhaustcd state of thc 14th 

(French) Division, an offer was ruade to co-operate with 
them in a counter-attack to regain the lost ground. This 
was gladly accepted, and on the early morning of the 
29th May the 1 lth Essex Regiment attackcd in conjunc- 
tion with two battalions of Chasseurs of the 46th (Frcnch) 
Division, which was in process of rclieving the 14th 
Division, the opertion taking place undcr the orders of 
the G.O.C., 14th French Division (Genera! Philipot, the 
conqueror of Fez). 
Under a barrage formed by the French and English 
axtillery the llth Essex Regiment attacked with great 
determination, and by the end of thc, d«ty had achieved 
the whole of its share of the task. The two battalions 
of the Chasseurs wcre, unfortunately, not so successful, 
with the result tiret the right of the 1 lth Essex Regiment 
was exposed, and it was unable to hold on to a small 
part of the ground recovered on its extreme right. For 
this action the Division received a letter of tlmnks for its 
"spontaneous" co-operation from GenerM dt Mitry, com- 
manding the French Détachement de l'Armée du Nord. 
The Division remained in the line as next-door neigh- 
bours to the French till the 7th June, when relieved by 
33rd Division. Many will retain pleasant memories of 
our association with our Allies during the three to four 
weeks that we were alongside them, and of the admirable 
liaison that existed between us. 
During the period of just under three weeks' rest that 
it enjoyed on this occasion the Division had one brigade 
always at Dirty Bucket Camp working on rear lines of 
defence, one training in the St. Jan ter Biezen area, and 
- one at musketry at Cornmtte, near Tilques. During this 
period, too, the 71st Trench-mortar Battery and the 18th 
Trench-mortar Battery were able to be tf service to the 
French, the former being lent to the 46th Division to 
assist them in an operation on 8th June, the latter co- 
operating with the 7th (French) Division in a successful 
raid on the 19th June. 


On the 27th June the Division passed to the XIX Corps 
(Lt.-Gen. Sir I-I. E. Watts) and relieved the 46th "rench 
Division {Chasseurs) in the Dickebusch sector. This was 
in a very unpleasant front, where the dominating position 
of the enemy on Kemmel I-Iill made movement, even in 
the rear lines, impossible by day, and practically ail work, 
of which there was plenty, had to be donc by night. 
The chief incidents of the tour of the Division in this 
sector were the successful attack on lidgewood, the 1st 
The Buffs daylight raid on the Brasserie, the sixteen- 
prisoner night-raid of the 2nd D.L.I. on the Zillebeke 
front, and thè co-operation of the 18th Infantry Brigade 
with the operations of the 41st Division on our right. 
The situation creatcd by the enemy's attack on Ridge- 
wood on the 28th May had never been satisfactori]y 
restored, in spire of repeated attempts on the part of the 
46t1 (French) Division. The 6th Division took over with 
the dctermination to put this right on the first oppor- 
tunity, profiting by the lessons learnt in the successive 
attacks ruade by the French Chasseurs, which their 
Division had placed most unreservedly at our disposal. 
After carcful reconnaissance the 18th Infantry Brigade, 
assisted by two companies of the 1st Middlesex Regiment 
of the 33rd Division, attacked the enemy at 6 a.m. on 
the 14th July. The attack delivered by the 1st West 
¥orkshire Regiment and the 2nd D.L.I. and the two 
above-mentioned companies was a complete success. 
The enemy, taken entirely by surprise, only offered a.ny 
resistance in one or two isolated cases, and the dash 
and prompt initiative of the attacking troops soon dealt 
with these. All objectives were gained, lidgewood and 
:Elzenwalle retaken, and 7 officers, 341 other ranks, 25 
machine-guns, and 3 trench-mortars captured at small 
cost to the attackers. Large quantities of trench-mortar 
ammunition, round dumped close up to the front line, 
demonstrated the correctness of the view that the enemy 
had in contemplation a resumption of his offensive on 

this front. For this the Division received congratulations 
from the Commander-i»Chief, the G.O.C., Second Army 
(General Sir Hcrbcrt Plumer), and G.O.C., XIX Corps. 
The raid of the 1st The Buffs was carried out on the 
2nd August. The objective was the Brasserie and neigh- 
bouring farms. The raid, which was by day and on a 
fairly extensive scale, was very successful. 
On the 8th August the 41st Division carried out a 
small operation, in co-operation with which the 18th 
Infantry Brigade undertook two minor operations. That 
by a company of thc 1st West ¥orkshire Rcgimcnt on the 
Vierstraat Road was unsuccessful, through no f,ult of 
the attacking infantry, who were hcld up by machine- 
guns sited so far forward that they had escaped our 
barrage. On the right a company of the 2nd D.L.I., 
operating in direct touch with the left of the 41st Division, 
was completely successful in carrying out its task. In 
connection with operations on this front the Division 
sustained a severe loss in Major R. W. Barnett, K.R.R., 
G.S.O.2, who was killcd by a sniper while reconnoitring 
on 12th August. 
During July and August the Divisional Artillery was 
exceptionally busy. An inmense amount of effort was 
put into the preparation of forward positions for a large 
number of batteries to be employcd in a contemplatcd 
later offensive. Vast quantities of gun amrnunition were 
carted nightly, and dumped therein in rcadiness. 
During the month of August the Division had the 
pleasure of close association with our American Allies, 
part of the 27th American, a New York Division, doing 
their atto, chment and apprenticeship to trench warfare 
with us. On the 21st to the 24th August the Amcricans 
relieved the Division in the line, and it was withdrawn 
for rest and training to the Wizernes area. 
On leaving the XIX Corps the Corps Commander sent 
the Division his "warmest thanks for and appreciation of 
the excellent service rendered" while under his command. 




OmINALLY destined to take part in a projected attack 
for the recapture of Kemmel Hill and Village, the Division 
suddenly received orders af the end of August, to the 
delight of all, fo move southwards af very short notice. 
Dttring the 1st, 2ad and 3rd September the move south- 
wards was carried out by rail, the Division, less artillery, 
detrainiug af Corbie, l-Icilly and Méricourt. On the 4th 
the Divisional Artillery followed, and the whole Division 
was concotrated in the area Heilly-Ribemont-Fran- 
villers on the River Ancre, in G.H.Q. Reserve. The next 
few days were devoted to a continuation of the training 
in open warfare commenced in the Wizernes area. 
The Germans, forced back in July and August from 
the high-water mark of their advance in Match and April, 
had stood on the line of the Somme and the Péronne- 
Arras road. In the southern sector of the British front 
the Somme defences had been turned by the brilliant 
capture of Mont St. Qucntin (fo the north of and guarding 
Péronne) by the Australian Corps. The rctreating enemy 
had been pursued across the Somme by the 32nd Division, 
which had bcen attached temporarily to the Australians. 
This Division now became part of the newly-constituted 
IX Corps {Lt.-Gen. Sir W. Braithwaite), which was to 
bear such a glorious part in the concluding chapter of the 
War, and which consisted of 1st, 6th, 32nd and 46th 
The 32nd Division had followed the enemy without 
much incident up to the large ttolnon Wood, three and a 
halï toiles west of St. Quentin, and if was there that the 


Division relieved it on night 13/14th September, with 
the 1st Division on the left and the 34th (French) Division 
on the right. 
It was expected that the enemy would stand on the 
heights which commnd St. Quentin to the west and 
south, but if was hot known whether their resistance 
wou[d be strong or hot, as they were much disorganized. 
The 1st and 6th Divisions, hand in hand with the 
French, were ordered to capture this tactical line on 
18th September, as a starting-point for the attack on the 
Hindenbltrg Line, which ran just outsidc St. Qucntin to 
the canal at Bellcnglise. 
To the 18th Infautry Brigade was entrustcd thc task 
of securing a line wc[! clcar of Holuon Wood for thc 
forming-up linc on the 18th, and in doing so it first had 
to clear the wood and estab[ish posts at the edge, then 
push forward. The selected forming-up line included to 
us Holnon Villagc on the right and next to thc Frcnch. 
On the morning of the 16th September the l lth Essex, 
after an unsuccessful attempt to push forward during the 
night, attacked under a barrage and advanced from the 
line of posts taken over a little way inside the wood fo 
a line of trenches just clear of the wood, capturing in this 
small operation forty-six prisoners. It was now arranged 
for the 1st, 6th and 34th (French) Divisions to adçance 
simultaneously to secure the above-mentioned starting 
line. On thë left the 1st Division was successful, and so 
were the llth Essex, who, held up at first by heavy shell- 
ing and machine-gun tire, persevered throughout the day 
and were rewarded by finishing up in possession of the 
whole of their objective.s, a very creditable performance. 
On the right, the West ¥orks had to secure Holnon 
Village, which lay in a hollow commanded by Round and 
Manchester Hills in the are allotted fo the French, and 
which was itself strongly held. The lrench failed in their 
attack, and though the West Yorks obtained part of the 
village they could hot clear it and establish the »tarting 

line beyond it. The situation at the end of the 17th 
was therefore unsatisfactory on the right, but if was im- 
possible fo put off the general attack, and arrangements 
had fo be improvise& Another unsatisfactory feature 
was that Itolnon Wood covered practically the whole 
2,500 yards frontage of the Division, and was so drenched 
with gas shells and the tracks so bad, that both 16th 
and 71st Infantry Brigades had fo make a detour north 
and south of the wood respectively fo reach their assembly 
positions, and this naturally fatigucd the troops and 
hindered communication and supply. 
Standing on the east edge of the wood, a bare glacis- 
like slope devoid of cover, except for two or three shell- 
trap copses, stretched away for 3,000 yards to the high 
ground overlooking St. Quentin. Thcre was no sign of 
lire and very few trenches could be seen, though it was 
known that they were there as the Fifth Army had held 
the position in Match 1918. If was round afterwards 
that the Germans had camouflaged their trenches with 
thistles, which here covered the ground to a height in 
many places of eighteen inches. 
Af the highest point about the centre of the Divisional 
area of attack was a network of trenches know/ later as 
the Quadrilateral--a naine of ba¢t omen to the 6th 
Division--and which, like its namesake on the Somme, 
could be reinforced under cover from the back slopes of 
the hffi. An examination of the batt.lefield after the 
24th September also revealed several narrow sunkcn roads 
filled with wire. The position was one of great natural 
strength, and in addition the whole of the right was 
dominated by heights in the area fo be attacked by the 
French. Lastly, adequate rime could ngt be given to 
Brigades for reconnaissance owing fo the.imperative neces- 
sity of pushing on fo guard the flal_k of Corps farther north. 
Troops had hOt seen the ground they had fo attack over, 
and rain and smoke obscured the few landmarks existing 
on 18th September. 

On that rnorning the Division attacked af 5.20 a.m. 
with the 71st Infantry Brigade on the right, its left 
directed on the Quadrilateral and its right on ttolnon 
and Selency. 
The 16th Infalt,ry Brigade was on the lcft, with its 
right just clear of the Quadrilatcral and its lcft on Fresnoy 
le Petit. Six t«nks were allotted to the Division, but 
met with various mishaps or were knocked out, and were 
hot of much use. The attack met with most dctermincd 
opposition at once, especially on the right, whcre the 
difficulties of the 71st Infantry Brigade were increased 
by the failure of the French to take Round and Mancllcstcr 
The 2nd D.L.I., attached to this brigade to coraplete 
the clcaring of ttolnon Village, accomplished this, but 
were driven out by shelling and by machine-gun tire from 
Round and Manchcster ttills, losing very heavily. 
The 16th Infantry Brigade was more successful, and 
af one rime the York and Lancasters had nearly compIeted 
the capture of Fresnoy le Petit, but wcre unablc to hold 
it. The brigade advanced, however, 3,000 yards. Fight- 
ing was continuous throughout the day, but without 
further success. The Sher'ood Foresters advanchlg very 
gallantly against the Quadrilateral were rcported as being 
just outside if aud entrenched. It was nmchine-gun tire 
from this stronghold which prevented the right of the 
16th Infantry Brigade advancing, and au attack was 
therefore ordered for dawn of the 19th September, but 
if was evidently anticipated by the enemy, who put down 
 very heavy artillery and machine-gun barrage belote 
the attackers left their jumping-off positions. Fighting 
again continued throughout the day, but without success, 
and it was evident that the enemy meant standing his 
ground and that this was not a reaxguard action as if 
had at one rime been thought. The enemy's artillery 
was very strong, and, with the thick Hindenburg wire in 
front of it, was placed close to their front line, and was 

enabled thus to do considerable execution on our back 
The sueeesses of other Divisions in the south of the 
British zone had been constant and fairly easy for some 
rime, so that the partil success which the Division had 
obtained was very disappointing to ail ranks. They were 
nuch checred, therefore, to get the following wire from 
the Army Commander {General Sir H. Rawlinson):-- 
" Plcase convey to the 6th Division my congratulations 
and warm thanks for their success of yesterday. Though 
all ob]ectives were hot attained they carried through a 
difficult operation with great ga|lantry and determination. 
I offer to ail ranks my warm thanks and congratu|ations." 
All units had heavy fighting, in which some had incurred 
considerable losses, and ail were tired and in want of 
reorganization. It was therefore decided hot to renew 
the attack for a few days, and to devote the interval to 
a proper artillery preparation {the heavy artillery put 
1,000 shclls on the Quadrilateral in one day}, the re- 
organization of battalions, and the construction of a 
jumping-off position, in the execution of which the I,..E. 
{Lt.-Col. H. A. L. Hall) and the Pioneers rendered invalu- 
able assistance. The fighting up to this date had yielded 
6 officers and 264 other ranks prisoners, and 65 machine- 
On the morning of the 24th September a fresh 
was launched ; the 18th Infantry Brigade, to which was 
attached the 1st Leicestershire Regiment, attacking on 
the right ; the 16th Infantry Brigade on the left. The 
French 36th Corps attacked with a fresh division simul- 
taneously to our right ; the 1st Division, which had takeu 
over the task of the capture of Fresnoy and Gricourt, on 
our left. The four tanks detailed to attack the Quadri- 
lateral again had bad luck, one being turned absolutely 
turtle by a mine field. The three battalions of the 18th 
Infantry Brigade met at first with little success, the 
l lth Essex on the left establishing a rather lrecarious 


footing in one face of the Quadrilateral, and the 1st West 
Yorkshire Regiment getting in atone point in Douai 
Trench, running south from the Strong Point. The D.L.I., 
attacking south of them through Hohmn Village, could 
make no headway. The 'rcnch had during thc morning 
captured Round Hill and pa.rt of Manchcstcr Hil[, and 
came up in line with us. The 16th Iufantry Brigade 
fared much better, and working down from the north 
was able in the course of the day to secure the northern 
face of the Quadrilateral. Their four tanks were of great 
assistance to thcm this day. Throughout thc day thc 
18th Infantry Brigade maintaincd the fight ith clmrac- 
teristic deternination, but without improving its position 
very much. At 11 p.m.., howevcr, it lunchcd the 1st 
Leicestershire Rcgiment by moonlight in a further attack 
on Douai Trench. The attack, dclivered with great 
gallantry, was successful, and many encmy were killed 
in the trench which was found tobe strongly held. In 
spite of the very rough handling which it had received 
on the 24th the 18th Infantry Brigadc stuck grimly to 
its task during the 25th. Douai Trench was cleared from 
end to end by hand-to-hand fighting, and patrols, admir- 
ably handled, gradually ruade good the whole of the 
objectives allotted for the previous day's attack. On 
tle morning of 25th September 3 officers and 104 other 
ranks surrendered near 'ayet to patrols of the 2nd Y. 
and L. Regiment. By midnight on the night of the 
25/26th September the 16th and 18th Infantry Brigades 
in co-operation had completed tlm capture of the Quadri- 
lateral, a position of sucl unusual natural strength that 
captured German officers admitted that they had fully 
expected to be able to hold it indefinitely. For this very 
fine performance, a remarkable instance of grit and deter- 
mination and of intelligent initiative by regimental 
officers of all ranks, to whom the successful results were 
entirely due, the Division received the congratulations of 
the Army and Corps Commanders and G.O.C., 1st Division. 

The message telephoned on belmlf of the Army Com- 
mander contained the following passage :--" tIe fully 
realises the difficulties tlmy have had to contend with, 
and admires the tenacity with which they have stuck 
to it and completed their task." 
The enemy's resistnce now broke down, and during 
the 26th, 27th and 28th September patrols were able 
gradually to gain further ground, so that by the rime the 
Division was relieved by the 4th French Division on the 
29/30th, posts had been established round three sides 
of the village of Fayet. Mnchester Hill was finally 
captured by the French on 26th September. 
The captures during the period were l0 officers, 372 
other ranks, 4 guns, 15 trench-mortars, and 53 machine- 
During the relicf by the l%ench a noteworthy incident 
occurred. The 2nd Brigade, R.F.A., were asked to tire a 
barrage to cover an advance of French infantry at a 
certain hour, and did so. Just after cornpletion a message 
arrived saying that the attack had been postponed, and 
would the brigade repeat the opertion very shortly at 
another hour which wH fixed. This the brigade did, 
clearing to absolutely the last shell the ammunition avail- 
able on the ground and complcting the barrage at the 
saine moment. 
During the fighting in September the Division had 
"B" and "C" Companies, 2nd Life Guards Machine-gun 
tattalion, at its disposal, and these fine troops helped 
much in the machine-gun barrage, and added confidence 
that any counter-attack on the right would meet with a 
hot reception. 
While the 6th Division had been fighting on the right 
of the tritish Army, the 46th Division, with the Americans 
on their left and the 1st Division forming a defensive 
flank on their right, had broken the tIindenburg Line on 
29th September by a magnificent attack. Followed across 
the canal by the 32nd Division, these two divisions had 

very severe fightiug at Ramicourt and Sequehart and 
were exhausted. The 6th Division, after four days to 
rest and absorb reinforcements, was ordered to relieve 
them and attack on the 8th October in the direction of 
the small town of Bohain. The 30th Amcrican Division 
was on the right and about 2,000 yards ahcad, connected 
to the 6th Division by a series of posts along the railway. 
This curious position entailed a very complicated creeping 
barrage, which, however, was successfully put into opera- 
tion on the day of the attack. On the right was the 
French 42nd Division slightly in rear, having followed 
the Germans through St. Quentin and tact with strong 
resistance bcyond if. The position to be attackcd con- 
sisted of high rolling downs with deep traverse vallcys, 
giving good cover for supports and forward guns, and on 
the right a broad longitudinal valley closed by a ridge 
on which stood the village of Méricourt. The French 
had a stiff task in front of them, and did hot propose to 
advauce as far as the British--6,000 yards--with the 
result that even if they were successful our frontage, 
thrown back from left to right, would be 7,500 yards, 
and if unsuccessful over 10,000. Added to this their 
zero hour was nearly an hour after ours, and there would 
be a very real danger of counter-attack from the right. 
The Divisional Commander, therefore, decided to leave the 
valley severely alone to start with, merely smoking by 
guns and bombs from aeroplanes the Méricourt Ridge 
and attacking ail along the high ground on the north. 
As our attack and the French attack progressed the valley 
was to be c!eared by three whippet tanks supported by 
the 1st Battalion West Yorks, lent to the 16th Infantry 
Brigade, while finally an attack from the high ground 
against the Méricourt Ridge would be delivered with a 
view to cutting oi posts in the valley between the two 
attacks. The 139th Infantry Brigade of the 46th Division 
remained in position at Sequehart, together with two 
companies Lire Guards Machine-gun Battalion, to secure 

the right flank ag,inst counter-attack. The machine-gun 
nests on the Sequehart-Méricourt road enfiladed the start 
line of the 6th Division, and the G.O.C., 139th Infantry 
Brigade (Brig.-Gen. J. Harington), was asked to capture 
these just before the general attack. The 46th Divisional 
Pioneer Batt,tlion (1/lst Monmouthshire Regiment) un- 
dcrtook this task, and twice attacked the position but 
without success, in spire of the greatest gallantry. The 
Commanding Oflicer (Col. Jenkins) and his Adjurant were 
both unfortunately killed. Their bravery, however, was 
wel! rewarded, as their action enabled the 6th Divisional 
troops fo work round and cut the position off, and the 
eaemy eventually surrendered. 
The weight of artillery for the operations of the 8th 
October was immense. In addition to the Divisional 
artillery there were the 5th and 16th Brigades, P.H.A., 
161st, l(iSth, 230th, 231st, 232nd Brigades, R.F.A., and 
the 14th aml 23rd Army Brigades. R.F.A. Only a part 
of these fired the creeping barrage, the 6th Divisional 
Artillery, the 5th Brigade, R.H.A., and the 232nd Brigade, 
R.F.A., moving forward as the infantry attack progressed 
to new positions, so as to support exploitation and give 
protection against counter-attack. The attack was 
launched at 5.30 a.m. The 16th Infantry Brigade on 
the right next to the valley, and the 71st Infantry Brigade 
on the left next to the Americans, both ruade excellent 
way, the former capturing the very strong Mannikin Hill 
position, and the latter the formidable Doon Mill and 
Doon Copse position, and making a good haul of machine- 
As had been anticipated the French had been held up 
by Bellicourt larm on their left, and the 16th Infantry 
Brigade suffered a good deal from machine-gun tire from 
Cerise Wood on the farther side of the valley and from 
Mannikin Wood in the valley. The three whippet tanks 
allotted to the 16th Infantry Brigade were ail knocked 
out, but the $$rest ¥orks, fo whom had been entrusted the 

clearing of the vallcy, stuck to their work most gallantly, 
and in the afternoon, after three attempts, had the satis- 
faction of securing Mannikin Wood, with 10 officers, 240 
other ranks, and 20 machine-guns, by a final attack under 
an artillery smoke barrage. To this suecess " B " Com- 
pany, 6th Machine-gun Battalion, contributed largely by 
enfilade tire. 
By 3 p.m. the French announced that they had cap- 
tured Bellicourt Farm, aud were advancing. The situa- 
tion on the right was now completely changed, and the 
1st West Yorks, advancing up thc valley, gained touch 
with the Freneh east of Fairy Wood, more than half-way 
to the final objective in that area. 
By nightfall M6ricourt, which blockcd the head of and 
commanded the whole of the vallcy, was in our hands. 
The Americans gained thcir final objective and con- 
tinued the advance without much opposition. In attempV 
ing to support their flank the 71st Infantry Brigade came 
under the tire of ficld guns firing over open sights near 
Joncourt Farm, and could not a.dvance. A squadron of 
the Royal Scots Greys (Sth Cavalry Brigade, Brig.-Gen. 
Neil Haig), attachcd to the Division, workcd round and 
ruade a gallant attempt to gallop the guns, but were 
stopped by close range gun-tire. Pitch darkness now 
came on, and lcft the Divisioa tired but triumphant on 
their final objectives. The bag of the 6th Division 
amounted fo over 30 officers and 1,100 other ranks. 
Congrattflatory messages were received from the Army 
and Corps Commanders as follows :-- 
From the Army Commander--" Will you plcase convey 
to the 6th Division my warm thanks and hearty con- 
gratulations on their succcss to-dayAAAThey bave done 
admirable work, and I wish them ail good luck for to- 
From the Corps Commander--" Well done 6th Division 
AAASo glad casualties so light, considering what Division 
bas accomplished." 

Ahnost before the final objective had been captured an 
order was received from the Corps for the Division to 
take over a portion of the 30th American Division front 
on the left, hand over some ground fo 46th Division 
on the right, and attack af dawn on the 9th behind  
barrage. Though very tired, and tbough it was a pitch 
dark night, the 71st ,nd 16th Infantry Brigades somehow 
managed fo carry out tbese almost impossible orders, and 
advanced splendidly at zero hour--the artillery putting 
down an accurate barrage. The attack progressed suc- 
cessfully, the first objectives being gained by both brigades 
without much difiiculty, but the enemy was able fo delay 
our advance from the Railway Line, xvhere after stiff 
fighting the 1st Leicesters, by a tttrning movement, cap- 
turcd some prisoners and machine-guns. The 9th Norfolk 
Regiment on thc lcft worked round by the north, and 
dttring the night captured Bohain, where some 4,000 in- 
habitants xvere liberated, and vast quantities of war 
material fell into our bands. 
During this phase of the operations the 5th Cavalry 
Brigade was attached to the Division, but circumstances 
did not allow of much cavalry activity. 
We were now in a different country to that in which 
the operations since 1914 had been conducted. The 
country bad seen no war, bouses were intact, inhabitants 
looking starved and downtrodden were delighted fo see 
the British troops. To stop out advance ail roads in 
Bohain had been cratered af t.heir exits from the village, 
and delay-action mines on the railways were constantly 
going up. As an example, D.H.Q. was in Brancucourt 
Farm, in a main road whieh had been cratered just outside 
the fann. A railway bridge just opposite had been blown 
down and the line eratered. The Canadian Engheers 
repairing the line had removed a great many bombs, but 
about three days after the arrival of D.H.Q. a delay-action 
mine went off on tbe railway af 7.30 p.m., and two days 
later again af 7 a.m. Fortunately on both occasions no 

men were working on the line, and D.H.Q. suffered no 
worse harm than some injuries to staff cars from falling 
debris. The total captures by the Division since the 8th 
October now amounted to 45 oiicers, 1,839 other ranks, 
15 guns, 20 trench-mortars, and 266 machiue-guns. 
On 10th October the advance was continued--the 30th 
-American Division on the left, the 6th Division in tbe 
centre, and the 46th Division on the right next to the 
French, who were again some distance in rear. 
The 71st Infantry Brigade (lst Leicesters and 2nd 
Sherwood Foresters), passing througb the 9th Norfolks, 
gained most of its objective, wbich was thc high ground 
about 2,000 yards east of Bohain, but the 46th Division 
was held up by machine-gun tire in Riqucval Wood. _An 
attempted advance by the 71 st Infant ry Brigade, assisted 
by two tanks, on 1 lth instant was brought to a standstill 
by machine-gun tire, after a small advance. 
On the night of the ll/12th October the 18th Infantry 
Brigade, which had been in Divisional Rcserve, relieved 
the 71st Infantry Brigade, and at 4.30 p.m. on the 12th 
October carried ot a minor Ol)cration , simultaneously 
with the left brigade of tbe 46th Division, in order to 
push its left flank forward to the line of the Americans, 
who were reported to be in possession of Vaux Andigny-- 
some one and a hall toiles ahead. The attack on the 
right failed, with about 100 casualties, owing to machine- 
gun tire from Regnicourt, and the 46th Division was also 
held up. The left ruade a little ground. This attack 
and a low aeroplane reconnaissance disclosed the fact that 
the Germans had dug a series of new trenches on the high 
ground immediately in front, and that there was a con- 
siderable amount of wire. The maps of this area were 
most indifferent, and many copses existed which were not 
shown. It was now evident tiret the enemy intended to 
stand on the high ground east of Selle River and its 
continuation to Riqueval Wood. Failing to make any 
progress by a frontal attack, the G.O.C., IX Corps, under- 

took a very pretty tactical more, which produced the 
attack of 17th October. The 6th and 46th Divisions 
were moved fo the north flank, and attacked south-east 
aad east instead of north-east. By this manœuvre a 
great dea.l of enfilade tire was brought to bear both from 
guns and machine-guns. The task allottcd to the 6th 
Division was a diffictflt one. It had to issue fan-wise 
from the village of Vaux Andigny on a 1,500 yards front, 
advancing 2,500-3,000 yards to a front of 5,000 yards. 
The 1st Division was to pass through it and push on 
towrds t]le Smbre Canal. The attack was fo be ruade 
under a barrage of eight brigades of Field Artillery and 
eighty machine-guas. The IX Corps employed on this 
occasion 172 60-pounders and heavy howitzers. 
In the evening of 16th October :Brig.-Gen. H. A. Walker, 
commnding 16th Infantry :Brigade, which was fo attack 
on the left the next morning, most unfortunately lost his 
left arm by a shcll, which blew it off so cleanly that his 
wrist watch was recovered by his orderly and was still 
going. :Brig.-Gen. 1 ). W. :Brown, commanding 71st In- 
fantry Brigade, then in reserve, took command until the 
arrivl of Brig.-Gen. W. G. Braitbwaite. 
During the night 16/17th October the enemy poured 
gas shells into Vaux Andigny, causing considerable casu- 
alties both to the troops forming up just outside and 
to those who had fo pss through a little later. Zero 
was at 5.20 a.m., and the attack commenced in a dense 
fog, which in the faa-shaped advance caused a good deal 
of loss of direction, although the 18th Infantry :Brigade 
on the left had laid out long direction tales to give the 
troops the initial direction. 
The latter brigade was heId up at the start by uncut 
wire, which caused it to lose its barrage. It also encoun- 
tered a good deal of opposition on Bellevue Ridge. It 
was, however, carried forward by the oncoming waves 
of the 1st Division, which were to pass through to a further 
objective, and together the troops of the two divisions 


ruade good the objective of the 18th Itffantry Brigade. 
The fog was so dense that all direction was lost, although 
the l lth Essex Regiment took the unusual l)recaution of 
sending its men forward arm-in-arm. Notwithstanding 
every precaution troops of the l lth Essex evcntually 
fetched up at Regnicourt, which was on the right of the 
objective allotted to the 46th Division, 'ho attacked on 
out right. Troops of ail three divisions also reached 
Andigny les Fermes, which was in the objective of the 
46th Division. The 16th Infantry Brigade was more 
fortunate, and was assistcd in maintaining its direction 
by the railway, with the result that it gaincd its whole 
objective in good time and with vcry littlc trouble. Thc 
day's captures were 26 officers, 599 othcr ranks, 5 trcnch- 
mortars, and 82 machine-guns. 
The 1st Division having passed through, the 6th Division 
was now withdrawn from the line to the neighbourhood 
of Bohain for a day or two. 
On the night of the 20th/21st October thc Division 
again put in, relieving the 27th American Division and 
part of the 25th Division on the front from Bazuel to a 
short way north of Mazinghien, with a view to the 
planned for the 23rd October. There now occurred 
sudden change in the type of country. Instead of open" 
rolling downs, there was a multiplicity of small fields, 
divided by high thick-set hedges trained on wire which 
proved formidable obstacles. The encmy had good posi- 
tions for his artillery in the Bois l'Evêque, and on the east 
bank of the Canal de la Sambre, protected from the 
danger of being rushed by that obstacle, and it was evident 
that he intended to put up a determined fight on the 
strong position thus afforded. The hostile artillery tire 
was more than had been encountered since the fighting 
about St. Quentin, and throughout the few days preceding 
the attack the shelling of roads, farms and villages 
out rear area and of artillery positions was continuous. 
On the night of the attack the assembly positiots of the 


assaulting brigades were subjected to heavy counter- 
preparation, including a great deal of gas-shelling, and 
the asscmbly units suffered considerable casualties. The 
• ttack was delivered af 1.20 a.m. on 23rd October in a 
dense fog; the 1st Division being on the right and the 
25th Division on the left. Three sections of 301st Ameri- 
can Tank Company were allotted fo the Division, and 
did excellent work in smashing fences and destroying 
machiue-gun nests, though, owing to the fog, the infantry 
lost touch with them alnmst af once. 
On the right the 18th Infantry Brigade, which attacked 
with the 2nd D.L.I. on the right and the 1st West York- 
sbire Regiment on the left, had a less difficult task than 
the 71st Infantry Brigade, but were delayed in crossing 
the gas-shclled valley in their immediate front, and met 
with opposition from various farms. However, they 
fought their way steadily forward during the day, and 
by the l,te afternoon their right battalion had reached its 
objcctive and had pushed its patrols down fo the canal, 
and the left battalion, having reached its first objective, 
was struggling forward fo ifs second. 
The 71st Infantry Brigade on the left attacked with 
the 9th Norfolk 1Regiment and the 1st Leicestershire Regi- 
nient. Ifs attack soon becalne disorganized in the very 
enclosed country, was ulmble fo keep pace ith its 
barrage, lost touch with ifs tanks in the fog, and was 
soon held up on a line not more than about 400 yards 
beyond that from which it had started. Fighting con- 
tinued throughout the day, and finally, taking advantage 
of the progress made by the 25th Division on ifs left, 
the 71s$ Infantry Brigade was able by night to reach a 
line about half-way through the Bois lEvêque. 
During the night this brigade was relieved by the 
16th Infa.ntry Brigade {Brig.-Gen. W. G. Braithwaite), 
which resunmd the attack on the morning of the 24th 
October. Opposition had by this rime decreased, and 
better progress was ruade, so that by noon the right 

battalion, the 2nd York and Lancaster Regiment, held 
the line of the objective laid down for the previous day's 
attack, and the left battalion of the 18th lufantry Brigade 
had also complcted the capture of its objective. Some 
further progress was lnade duriug the day by the 16th 
Infantry Brigade. 
During the period 20th to 24th Octobcr, Brig.-Gen. 
E. F. Delaforce, C.R.A., 6th Division, had mlder his orders 
the Divisional Artillery of the 3rd, 4th and 5th Australian 
Divisions, though the 5th Australian Divisional Artillcry 
was withdrawn on the eve of the attack of 24th Octobcr. 
Their tire was lnost accuratc and prompt, and gave the 
attacking infantry evcry confidence. Thc 6th D.A. on this 
occasion was in Corps Rcserve. 
During the 26th, 27th and 28th the patro|s of the 16th 
Infantry Brigade COlltinued to work their way slowly 
forward, and the village of Ors was evacuatcd of its 
inhabitants under the protection of patrols of the 18th 
Infantry Brigade. The lattcr established a bridge-head 
across the canal at Ors, and posts on the west side 
comnmnding the canal on the whole brigade front. 
On the 29th orders wcre receivcd for the relief of the 
Division. In order to be ablc to hand over to the relievillg 
Division a satisfactory position from which fo launch the 
attack on the lilm of the canal, a further small operation 
was planned by the 16th Ïnfantry Brigade, and brilliantly 
carried out by the 1st The Buffs on the 30th October. 
Two companies attacked and captured an important farm 
and spur overlooking the (anal, were counter-attacked in 
the afternoon and turned out of the farm, but retook it 
af once xvith the bayonet, inflicting heavy casualties on 
the enenly and capturing rive more machine-guns. 
On the night of the 30th/31st October the relief of the 
Division Iless artillery) was completed, and it withdrew 
to billets in Fresnoy le Grand, whcnce it moved some days 
later fo Bohain. 
The captures during the fighting from the 19th fo thv 

31st October numbered 9 officers and 431 other ranks, 
13 guns (including two 5-9-in. howitzers), 12 trench- 
mortars, and 61 machine-guns. 
The total captures during a pcriod of between six and 
seven weeks, in which the Division had seen much stiff 
fighting, and had suffcred over 6,000 casu,lties, amounted 
fo 96 officers, 3,505 other ranks, 32 guns, 52 trench-mor- 
rats, and 527 nmchine-guns counted. 
The infantry of the Division saw lin more fighting, but 
ifs artillery remained in till the end, finishing up in tho 
neighbourhood of vesnes. 
Among the many easualties whieh the artillery suffered 
must be mentioned Major W. S. Ironside, D.S.O., M.C., 
commanding l12t]l Barrer:g, R.F.A., who was killed east 
of Le Cateau on 2nd November. He was anmng the then 
mueh redueed number of those who had landed originally 
with the Division in France in 1914, being then a sergeant. 
Very little mention bas been ruade of the services of 
the Royal Engineers during this period. Exeeptiormlly 
heavy work was thrown on the signal seetions, owing fo 
the frequent changes of headquarters, but they were 
untiring in their devotion and met eaeh emergeney with 
resouree. To the Field Companies fell the dangerous task 
of taping out the jumping-off lines for the attacks, but 
they invariably aehieved this diffieult task fo the completo 
satisfaction of the brigadier-generals and units coneerned 
in the operations. 
If is inevitable in a short History like this that the 
services of the administrative branches should hot receivo 
the saine notice as those of the purely fighting portions 
of the Division, but the History would be ineomplete 
without some referenee fo them. 
The Field Ambulanees showed throughout the high 
devotion fo duty which has always characterized tho 
Royal Army Medical Corps. The work of the bearer 
sections during actions always elicited the admiration of 
the infantry, while the tent sections were frequently under 

shell tire, whieh, however, in no way interfercd with their 
tare of the wounded. Botl at advanccd dressing stations 
and tent sections many of the chaplains rendered most 
valuable assistance in carrying and helping wounded men, 
while during trench warfare thc¥ wcre frcquently to be 
round with their men in the forward trenches. 
In the action of 18th September 1918, Lt.-Col. Collins, 
D.S.O., and Major German, both of the R.A.M.C., and 
Mso Father FitzGibbons, were killcd by shelling at a tent 
advanced dressing station. 
The work of our Army Service Corps has always beea 
the envy and admiration of our Allies, aml that of the 
6th Divisional Train was up to thc highcst standard of tho 
British Army. The acknowlcdgcd excellence of the horses 
and mules of the Division is a tribute to the eflàciency of 
the Veterinary Section and of the horsemasters attached 
to the artillery, as well as to the mounted branches. 
In spire of the amusing comments of " The Fancies," 
the lire of the Military Police was not ail becr and skittles. 
The control of the traffic at some of thc cross-roads, 
favoured by the Boche heavy gunners, was nerve-racking 
in ordinary rimes, and tenfold more so during an action, 
and several awards were given to the Divisional Military 
Police for gallant conduct under these conditions. 
Very few otïicers or men served throughout with the 
Division. 1)erhaps the two most notable were Lt.-Col. 
g. A. C. Forsyth, D.S.O., commanding 24th Brigade, 
I.F.A., who came out as a Captain, and Staff-Sergt.-Major 
Woollard, who was Chier Clerk of the Division for some 
rime before mobilization. 


ARIIISTICE DA¥--llth November--found the Division in 
billets in Bohain area, training for possible future opera 
tions. The news of the cessation of hostilities was re- 
ceived with calm satisfaction that we had beaten the 
Germans, and of relief th,t now we could sleep peacefully 
af nights aa¢l that lights need not be screened. 
Early in November the 1st and 32ad Divisions of the 
IX Corps had forced the crossings of the Sambre Canal 
at Catillon and Ors after heavy fighting, and had driven 
the enemy back tow,rds Avesnes. On l lth November 
a mixed force, under Major-Gen. Bethell, was pushing the 
disorganized Germans over the Belgian frontier near 
The IX Corps was now transferred to the Second Army, 
under Gen. Sir H. Plumer, to whom was assigned the 
command of the British Army of Occupation in Germany. 
On leaving the Fourth Army the following letter, 
addressed personally to the Divisional Commander, was 
received from Gen. Sir Henry Rawlinson :-- 
" Now that the 6th Division is passing fo the command 
of another Army, I desire to place on record my sincere 
appreciation and warm thanks for the valuable services 
rendered by you since you joined the Fourth Army in 
September last. 
" The Division has passed through strenuous times and 
has seen some heavy fighting, especially in September 
between ttolnon Wood and the Canal, and at Bohain 
and Vaux Andigny in October, where the gallantry and 
determination of all ranks filled me with admiration. 

" I congratulate most hcartily you ail on the victories 
you have won, and trust that at some future rime I may 
again find the Division under my comnmnd." 
The Division spent the period 14th fo 19th November 
in a march, via Carillon and Avesnes, to the area round 
Solre le Chteau and Sars Poteries, where it was to 
assemble for the March to the Rhine. For this it was 
organized in three Infantry Brigade Groups and a Divi- 
sional Troops Group under the C.R.A. The 16th Army 
R.H.A. Brigade (Chestnut Troop, "Q " and "U " But- 
teries) was attached to the Division, and forned part of 
the 18th Infantry Brigade Group. Thc 2nd Brigade, 
R.F.A., marched with thc Divisional Troops Colunm, the 
24th Brigade, R.F.A., with the 71st Infantry Brigade, 
and the Divisional Ammunition Cohnun with the 16th 
Infantry Brigade. Each lafantry Brigade had a Field 
Company and Field Ambulance. 
Thc march resembled the progression of a snake, the 
rear group moving forward at each advance to the area 
occupied the previous day by the leading group. Com- 
mencing officially on the 20th November there were long 
halts up to 2nd Decembcr, owing to the difficulty of 
feeding the leading Divisions {cavalry and infantry), 
caused by the destruction done by the Germans to the 
railways, and also owing to the withdrawal of the Germans 
not being carried out in accordance with progrannne. 
Sometimes groups did not move, or only made minor 
adjustments to obtain more comfortable quarters. 
Both branches of the staff had long days of recon- 
naissance in cars ahead of the Division, made to avoid 
moving troops farther off the main roads than nccessary, 
while the R.E. and Pioneers were often pushed ahead to 
see about water sui)plies and mcnd roads. Up to the 
Belgian frontier roads had been crated and bridges 
blown down, and these caused defiles and impeded the 
march. Once across the frontier the roads were splendid, 
the inhabitants most hospitable and enthusiastic, and the 

advance only held up until if could be pushed through 
tIowever, it was no hardship to be delayed in such 
charming surroundings, though the weather was for 
most part vile. The murch from the neighbourhood of 
Dinant ucross the Ardennes, and along the lovely valley 
of the River Ambleve, will always stand out as a most 
delightful reminiscence. All ranks worked hard af their 
equipment, and the trunsport was so smart as fo be 
thought by the Belgians to be new. 
It was a proud and splcndid Division which marched, 
with drums beating and colours flying, across the German 
frontier into the little town of Malmedy between 13th 
and 16th Decembcr. 
Marching gencra||y hy on|y one road, the length of the 
Division, whcn bil|ctcd, varied from ten to twenty-rive 
toiles. If wus purticu|arly interesting for Brigades to 
occupy the German huts ut Elsenborn Cump of Exercise, 
where lurge numbers of the enemy had ssembled in the 
end of July 1914 for the conquest of Belgium. 
The attitude of the population in Germany was servile, 
and little hate could be fclt by one or two battalions 
which marchcd into Malmedy in pouring rain and round 
Germun women lighting special rires, without being 
ordered to do so, fo dry their clothing. It must, however, 
be added that the inhubitants of Malmedy speak French 
and have Bclgian sympathies. 
t)assing through the lovely little villuge of Montjoie, 
which reminds one so much of Switzerland, the Division 
marched to its allotted area south-west of Cologne, Divi- 
sional Headquurters arriving af Bruhl, six miles from 
Cologne, on Christnms Eve ; Headquurters 16th Infantry 
Brigude af Zulpich, Hcadquurters 18th Infantry Brigade 
af Lechenich, Headquurters 71st Infantry Brigade at 
Eichhols (a country bouse), and Headquarters Divisional 
Troops af a ch£teuu neur Weilerswist. The route îol- 
lowed--220 miles--is given  the Diary. 

If was with a great feeling of gratitude and elation 
that the Division are their Christmas dinner on the Rhine 
in December 1918. 
The area allotted to the Division was a strip of country 
almost rectangular in shal)e, with a maximum length of 
twenty toiles, and a maximum breadth of twelve toiles, 
and lying to the immcdiate south-west of Cologne. The 
north-west border was on thc ring of forts encircling the 
city, which were later included in the divisional area. 
The Cvil Administration was carried out by the G.O.C. 
Infantry Brigades and thc C.I¢.A., who wcre much assisted 
by a Civil Staff Captain and a Provost rcpresentative, 
and in the town of Bruhl by the G.O.C. Division, who 
also generally supervised undcr the Corps and the Army 
the work of the Group Commandcrs. 
The Germans were very ordcrly, and little trouble was 
given, but guard and night patrol was fairly heavy. 
On 1st February 1919, Gcneral Sir H. Plumer presented 
a Colour to the 9th Norfolk Regiment, 1 lth Essex legi- 
ment, and 1 lth Leicester Regiment respectively, and ruade 
a stirring specch to each, congratulating them on their 
fine appearance and steady drill, and emphasizing their 
duty to their King and Comtry. 
The Division settled down to improving their billets 
and to education, and frequcnt lectures were given by 
special lecturers sent out from England. $ome of the 
troops were very comfortable, and notably those in towns 
like Bruhl, where each man had a bed and mattress, and 
Warrant Otïiccrs and N.C.O.s who were billeted in private 
houses, but others in the smaller villages were hot so 
well off. 
As the Germans did hot play football thcre was a 
general lack of football grounds, which hal to be ruade, 
but the troops scored considerably by finding electric 
light in even the tiniest cottages, and at least one concert- 
room, with a stage properly fitted up, in even the smallest 
village. The Opera, too, was a great source of pleasure 


to mny. But it ws  period of trnsition--men were 
being demobilized freely, and it was with  sigh of relief 
tht something definite had been fixed, s well s with 
mny sighs of regret, that orders were eventually received 
tht the 6th Division, as such, would cesse fo exist in 
the middle of March 1919. Farewell parades were held, 
farewell speeches nmde, farewcll dinners given, and on 
15th March the Mchine-gun Bttlion, Pioneers, Ficld 
Companies (except 12th Field Company), and Train were 
transferred to the newly-constituted Midland Division. 
The 6th Division, B.E.F., had completed its task. 



1914-15 . 
1915--16 . 



Aisne (19th Sept.--12th 
Oct.) . . 1,482 Battle of the Aisno. 
Armentièros "( 13th--31st 
Oct.) . . . 4,696 First Battle of Ypres. 
Armentières (lst Nov.-- 
31st May) . 3,940 Tronches. 
Ypres (Ist June 1915-- 10,938 Includes 1,780 in at- 
31st July 1916) . tackon Hooge ; 660 

gas attack, 15th 
Doc. ; 400 Mortel- 
dje attack. 
Somme (5th Aug.--20th 
Oct.). . . 
La Bassée (25th lgov. 1916 
--16th February 1917) 709 Tronches. 
Loos(2ndMar.--25thJuly) 4°884 Raids ad attacks, 
Hill 70. 
Loos-Lons (26th Aug.-- 
23rd Oct.) . . . 1,400 Tronches. 
Cambrai (20th Nov.--10th 
Dec.) .... 1,790 Battle of Cambrai. 
Bapaume ( 17th Jan.--20th 
March) 313 Trênches. 
Laicou 21s&22n 
March) . __ _ 5,160 Gean offensive. 
Ypros (3rd Apr24th 4,715 Inclus 750 at Neuve 
Aug.) EgHso (71st Infan- 
try BrigUe} and 
250  attack on 
Scottish and Ridge 
St. Quenfin {14th28th 
Sept.). . 3,163 Battle of St. Quentin. 
Bohain-Ors (4th29th 3,120 Battles of Bohain, 
Oct.} . Vaux-oegny, and 

Grand Total 53,740 
N.B.--Above are approximate, and have beon compiled frein D.H.Q. 
War Diarios (Administrative). 
6 81 

No. 7504 Privatc HENI¥ M.«', 1st Battalion The Cameronians 
(Scottish Rifles), 19th Iufantry Brigade, at that rime 
attachcd to 6t-h Division. 
For most conspicuous bravery near La Boutillerie, on 22nd 
October 1914, in voluntarily endeavouring fo rescue, under 
very hcavy tire, a wotmdcd man, who was -tdlled before he 
could savc him, aud subsequently, on the same day, in carrying 
a woundcd officer a distance of 300 yards into safety whilst 
exposed to very severe tire. (Gazetted 21st April 1915.) 
No. 9730 Private JOHN CArIE¥, 2nd Battalion The York and 
Lancaster Regiment. 
For most conspicuous bravery on 16th November 1915, 
near La Brique. 
A man of the West Yorkshire Regiment had been badly 
wounded, and was lying in the open unable to more, in full 
view of, and about 300 to 400 yards from, the enemy's trenches. 
Corporal Stirk, Royal Army Medical Corps, and Private 
Caffrey, at once started out to rescue him, but at the tirst 
attempt they were driven back by shrapnel tire. Soon after- 
wards they started again, under close sniping and machine- 
gun tire, and succeeded in reaching and bandaging the wounded 
man, but just as Corporal Stirk had lifted him on Private 
Caffrey's back he himsel was shot in the head. 
Private Caffrey put down the wounded man, bandaged 
Corporal Stirk, and helped lfim back into safety, tte then 
returned and brought in the man of the West ¥orkshire Regi- 
ment. e had made three ourneys across the open under 
close and accurate tire, and had risked his own lire to save 
others with the utmost coolness and bravery. (Gazetted 
22nd January 1915.) 

No. 3/10133 Sergeant ARIçR FREDERIC SAUIDERS, 9th (Ser- 
vice) Batt.alion The Suffolk Regiment. 
For most conspicuous bravery. When his oiîicer had been 
wounded in the attack he took charge of two machine-guns 
and a few men, and, although severcly woundd in the thigh, 
closely followed the last four charges of another battalion, 
and rendered every possible support. Later, when the rcmains 
of the battalion which ho had becn supporting had been forced 
to retire, he stuck to his guns, continued to give clear orders, 
and by cont.inuous firing did his best to cover the retirement. 
(Gazetted 30th March [916.) 
2/Lieutenant FRAK BERI,RD WEARNE, Iith (Service) 
Battalion Essex Rcgiment. 
For supcrb courage, leadership md self-sacrifico. 
On 28th June 1917, 2]Lieut. Wcarnc was in command 
of two sections on the lcft of a raiding party,  hose objective 
was the German front lhm, cast of Loos. He led his men into 
the objective against opposition, and by his magnificent 
example and daring, thcy held on to tho German trench for 
one hour according to orders. 
Throughout the hour thcy were repeatedly counter-attacked, 
from their left don the trench and from their front over the 
open. Grasping the fact that if the left flank went, our men 
would have to give way, 2/Lieut. Wearne st a moment 
when the attack was being heavily pressed, and n hen matters 
were most critical, leapt on to the parapet and, followed by 
his left section, tan along the top of the trench, firing and 
throwing bombs st the enemy. This unexpected and daring 
manoeuvro threw the enemy back in disorder. Whilst on the 
top 2/Lieut. Wearne was severely wounded, but refused 
to leave his men. He remained in the trcnch dh'ecting opera- 
tions, organizing the defence and encouraging ail. Just beforo 
the order to withdraw was given 2/Lieut. Wearne was severely 
hit for the second rime, and when being brought away was 
hit for the third rime and killed. 
His tenacity in remaiing st his post, though severely 
wounded, and his magnificent fighting spirit enabled his men 
to hold on to the left flank ; had this gone, the whole operation 
would have failed. (Gazetted 5th August 1917.) 

2/Lieut. (A/Captain) ARTI{UR MOORE LASCÆLLÆS, 3rd Bat- 
talion, attached 14th Battalion The Durham Light 
Af Masnières on 3rd ])ecember 1917, showed the greatest 
courage, initiative, and devotion to duty when in command 
oI his company. 
His company was in a very exposed position, and aîter a 
very heavy bombardment, during which Captain Lascelles 
was wounded, the enemy attacked in strong torce, but was 
driven off, largely owing to the fine example set by this officer, 
who refused to allow himself to be dressed, but continued to 
encourage his men and organize the defenee. Shortly after- 
wards the enemy again attacked and captured the trench, 
taking several of his men prisoners. Captain Lascelles at 
once jumped on to the parapet and, followed by the remainder 
of his company, twelve mon, rushed across under very heavy 
machine-gun tire and drove over sixty of the enemy back, 
being wounded again, thereby saving a most critical situation. 
tic then was untiring in re-organizing the position, but ahortly 
afterwards the enemy again attacked and captured the trench 
and Captain Lascelles. Later he escaped, being wounded 
again in doing so. 
The remarkable determination and gallantry of this officer 
inspired everyone. (Gazettcd llth January 1919.) 



Sept. 8. Division embarked Southampton.. 
9. Commenced disembarking St. Nazaire. 
10. Commenced entraining. 
12. lnto billets Coulommiers - MortcerI - Maries- 
13-19. Marching tu the Aisne--lnto General Reservo, 
D.H.Q. at Bazochcs. 
19. 18th Infantry Brigade tu I Corps tu relieve 2nd 
Infantry Brigade. 
20. Attack on I Corps--18th Infantry Brigado 
heavily engaged. 
21. 16th Infantry Brigade tu II Corps tu ro- 
lieve 7th and 9th Ilffantry Brigades, and 
17th Infantry Brigade tu I Corps tu relievo 
6th Infantry Brigade and 4th Guards Brigade. 
Sept. 20 tu Oct. 6. In trenches on the Aisne. 
Oct. 2. Division (less 16th and 17th Infantry Brigades) 
concentrated in area Serches-Jury, under III 
Corps--D.H.Q. at Serches. 
6. 17th Infantry Brigade rejoined Division, which 
marched west. 
9. Division (less 16th Ilffantry Brigade) entrained 
at St. Sauveur near Compiègne. 
10-11. Division arrived St. Orner and went into billets 
--19th Infantry Brigade joined Division (une 
battalion tu Renescure)--one battalion 18th 
Infantry Brigade tu Racquinghem. 
12. March tu Hazebrouck tu cuver detrainment of 
4th Division. 
16th Infantry Brigade relieved by French troops. 
13. 16th Infantry Brigade entrained for Cassel. 
Division marched east--fighting from 1 p.m. 
Lon line La Couronne-Merris-Fontaine Houck, 
iwhich was reached at:nightfall--considerablo 
14. Line reached'R, du Leet-BlancheMaison-east 
.of Bail]eul. 


Oct. 15-16. 18th Infantry Brigade crossed River Lys aL 
Sailly, and 17th Infantry Brigade aL Bac St. 
Maur during the night--Steenwerck occupied. 
16. Line advanced to RougeduBout-Rue Dormoire. 
16th Infantry Brigade rejoined Division and 
wenç inço Divisional Reserve. 
17. Line Rouge du Bout-Bois Grenier-Chapelle 
d'Armentières reached without opposition. 
18. Reconnaissance in force on cnemy's reported 
positions. Line at night after considerable 
fighting Radinghem - Ennetières- Prémes- 
ques-Halte to west of Pérenchies-l'Epinette 
(east of Armentières). 
19. Entrenching above line. 
20. Masscd German attack ail along line--Division 
driven back to Touquet-Bois Blancs-Le 
Qucsnc-La Houssoie-Rue du Bois-l'Epinette. 
21. 19th Infantry Brigade (sent to fill ga t) between 
II and III Corps) driven back from Le 
Maisnil-Fromelles to La Boutillerie-Touquet. 
22. I-Icavy attack on 19th Infantry Brigade in 
evening repulsed. 
23. 17th Infantry Brigade relieved by 4th Division 
and became Divisional Reserve--attacks 
on 16th Infantry Brigade (K.S.L.I. and 
¥. and L.) repulsed with much loss to enemy 
--300 dead in front of trenches. 
24-25. Continuous attacks on Divisional front through- 
out day, ail repulsed, but situation critical. 
25-26. Retirement ruade during night to prepared line 
about hall a toile in reax Touquet-Flamengerie 
Farm-Rue du Bois, so as to straighten front. 
27-28. Attack by night on 18th Infantry Brigade 
trenches, vhich were captured but retaken by 
counter-attack--East Yorks especially dis- 
tinguished themselves. 
28-29. Attack by night on 19th Infantry Brigade re- 
29-30. Strong attack by night on 19th Infantry Brigade 
captured tronches, but was driven out by 
counter-attack and 200 dead counted. 
Nov. and Dec.] 
1915. In trenches Armentières front. 
Jan. and Feb. / 
MaL 12. L'Epinette attacked and captttred by North 
Staffordshire Regiment. 


Mar. 15. 16th Infantry Brigade moved up to Vlamer- 
tinghe, but returned next day. 
May. A little mining and counter-mining on the Fre- 
linghien and Le Touquet fronts. 
27. Major-Gen. Sir John Keir left to command 
VI Corps, being succeeded by Brig.-Gcn. 
Congreve. Brig.-Gen. Humphreys succeedcd 
Brig.-Gen. Paget in command of Divisional 
Relief by 27th Division commenced. 
31. Front handed over to 27th Division--19th In- 
fantry Brigade left Division. 
May 31 to June 1. Took over new front Ypres Salient. 
June 2. Relief completed on front from Ypres-Roulers 
Railway to Wicltjc. 
5. 17th Infantry Brigadc into line, which now ex- 
tended to just short of Turco Farm. 
8. D.H.Q. from Couthove to Vlamertinghe. 
15. Gallant bombing attack by Licut. Smith's 
Grenadier Platoon to assist 41st Brigade. 
16. Artillery co-operation with 3rd Divisional attack 
on Bellewarde Farm. 
20. 16th Infantry Brigade's first experience of gas. 
22. Artillery co-operation in 14th Divisional attack. 
July 6. Artillery co-operation in 4th Divisional attack 
near Pilkem. 
30. Attack on 14th Division at ttooge. Drove them 
back to Sanctuary and Zouave Woods. 
Counter-attack unsuccessful. 
31. 16th Infantry Brigade moved up. 
Decided to relieve 6th Division and give it task 
of retaking Hooge. 
Aug. 2-3. Relieved. 
6. Took over new front and commenced bom- 
9. Attack on Hooge by 16th and 18th Infantry 
Brigades--infantry moved close up under 
barrage, which remained on support trench 
rive minutes longer--attack successful, but 
right suffered very heavily from shelling from 
south and tire from east. 
17th Infantry Brigade left for 24th Division, and 
71st arrived. 
Division relieved--to Houtkerque and Poper- 
inghe, but had go find working parties for 
divisions in line, 


Dec. 14. Into line againRoulers Raflway to Wieltje. 
19. Gas attack by enemy. 

Jan. 24. 

llth Essex patrol raid (3 officers and 10 
other ranks) on mound on Verlorenhoek 
Road--killed six Germans. 
Feb. 14-15. Two enemy raids near Wieltje and Trenches B9 
and 10 repulsed. 
Mat. 9-10. 1st The Buffs bombing raid (1 officer and 19 
other ranks) on crater at I 12. 
15-16. 2nd D.L.I. (3 officers and 44 other ranks) 
successful raid, capturing a prisonerm 
Bangaloro torpedo laid by Lieut. Smith, 
15-18. Relieved from line--to Houtkerque, Worm- 
houdt, Calais. 
April 15-18. Back into line 5,500 yards front, with left on 
canal next fo 58th Freneh Division and right 
next Guards Division. 
19-20. Enemy occupied trenches out of which he had 
shelled a company of the 8th Bed/ords in Mor- 
teldje Salient--counter-attack unsuccessful. 
21. Trenches retaken by two companies K.S.L.I., 
in spire of very heavy going. 
May 14-15. Enemy attacked four bombing posts of 1st The 
Buffs---beaten off three rimes, but captured 
them at fourth attemptall garrison casu- 
June 3. Five ofllcers and 200 other ranks 1st West Yorks 
drove enemy out of posts on ffontage 450 
yards and re-occupied it. 
10. "Admiral" reported missing from patrol of 9th 
17-18. Rclieved--to Bollezeele, Houtkerque, Worm- 
July 15-17. Into line north-west of Hooge to north of 
July 29 to Aug. 1. Relieved preparatory t) entraining. 
Aug. 2-3. Entrained Hopoutre, Proven, and Esquelbec, 
and detrained Candas and Doullens. 
3-4. Marched to Acheux-Raincheval area. 
5-7. Into line on Ancrompreparing for attack. 
21. 9th Suffolk and 2nd Sherwood Foresters' un- 
successful raid. 
24, 14th D.L.I. unsuccessful raid. 

Aug. 26-27. 
Sept. 6-8. 

Oct. 8-9. 

Nov. 25. 
During Dec. 

DIAR¥ 89 

Relieved and began fo move south o Vigna- 
court-Flesselles area. 
Moved up to XIV Corps area. 
Into hne on front between Leuze Wood and 
Attack by lst Infantry Brigade on Quadri- 
lateral unsuccessful--renewed in evening but 
only partially successful. 
15. General attack by 16th and lst Infantry Bri- 
gades--,6th Divisional objective beyond the 
Quadrilateral--attack failed--renewed in 
evening and failed again. 
16. 18th Infantry Brigade into line in relief of 71st 
Infantry Brigade. 
18. Fresh attack on Quadrilateral after bombard- 
ment by 16th and 18th Infantry Brigades-- 
19. Relieved. 
21. Into line again. 
25. Gener«l attack--6th Division on Lesboeufs, and 
south to Morval by 16th and 18th Infantry 
Brigades, with lst Infantry Brigade in re- 
servesuccessful---over 500 prisoners. 
Relieved by 20th Division. 
Into line relieving 20th Division. 
General attack--fith Division towards Le Trans- 
loy--by 18th and lst Infantry Brigades-- 
16th Infantry Brigade in reserve--unsuc- 
15. Attack renewed--partially successful. 
18. Fresh attack by lst Infantry Brigade--onlï 
partially successful on left. 
Relieved--to Corbie. 
Assembled in reserve to I Corps. 
Into hne on Canal Sector, La Bassée. 
Side-slipped slightly to south. 

Jan. 26. 


1st West ¥orks raid (6 officers and loe other 
ranks under Capt. Trimble) in Cambrin Seetor 
--rive prisoners. 
8th Bedford Regiment raid (C Company--150-- 
under Capt. Brewster) in Hohenzollern Sector 
--two prisoners. 
Enemy raided 1st West ¥orks and captured a 
Lgwis gun and a prisoner. 

Feb. 9. 

Mar. 2-4. 

Apr 5. 


2nd Shcrwood Foresters raid (6 officers and 100 
other ranks under Major Wylie) in Quarries 
Sector under smoke barrage by Sl)ecial Co. 
R.E.--20 dug-outs blown in--about 60 enemy 
killed and wounded--8 l)risoners. 
10. 2nd D.L.I. raid (3 officers and 38 other ranks) 
on Mad Point--over 30 enemy dead counted 
--1 1)risoner brought in--several dug-outs 
12. 71st Infantry Brigade scouting l)arty raid l)artly 
successful only--one machine-gun entrench- 
mcnt blown in. 
15. Enemy attcmpted raid in Hohenzollern Sector 
repulsed by artillery and machine-gun tire-- 
one enemy identification ruade. 
Relieved by 21st Division--to Béthune-Busnes 
Into line Loos Sector--from Double Crassier fo 
Raflway Alley. 
Enemy carried out several simultaneous raids-- 
that on 2nd York and Lancasters dispersed 
by Lewis-gun fire--that on Buffs rel)ulsed 
after hand-to-hand fighting--that on 1st West 
Yorks l)enetrated and cal)tured one Lewis 
gun and six men. 
19. Enemy raided 2nd York and Lancasters-- 
unsuccessful--two Germans killed in out 
24. llth Essex Battalion raid on area round Posen 
Crater (4 coml)anies of 2 officers and 80 
other ranks each)--penetrated to enemy sui)- 
port line and remained one and a hall hours-- 
cal)tured 1 officer, 8 other ranks, and 1 
25. Enemy raided 9th Norfolk Regiment and 2nd 
Sherwood Foresters and cal)tured nine pris- 
oners, l)enetrating some distance between the 
battalions, but leaving one officer and three 
other ranks dead in our trenches. 
30. 1st The Buffs raid (4 officers and 100 other ranks 
under Cal)t. B. L. Strauss) in Loos Sector-- 
remained in trenches over half-hour--took 
one l)risoner and one machine-gun, and blew 
in eight dug-outs. 
Enemy raid on 2nd Foresters at Border Redoubt 
--driven off with very slight casualties. 


2nd D.L.I. patrol raid (2 officers and 47 other 
ranks) in Loos Sector--held up by wire. 
9th Suffolks raid (D Company under Capt. Eng- 
land, M.C.) in Quarries Sector--successful and 
obtained identification. 
12. 2nd York and Lancasters raid (2 officers and 
80 other ranks under Capt. Hardy)--got 
into trench and killed sixteen Germans. 
13. Enemy withdrew from Railway Triangle, closely 
followed by 2nd York and Lancasters, who 
entered enemy dug-outs before candles had 
burnt out. 
24th Division on our right also advancing line. 
System of bombardment followed by pauses 
during which patrols went out and occupicd 
what thcy could. 
14. Enemy small raid on 1st West Yorks--driven off 
by counter-attack and identification obtained. 
15. A certain amount of ground gained in the face 
of increasing opposition--Buffs and York and 
Lancasters advanced a bit. 
16. Systematic bombardment of Hill 70 trenches 
commenced--enemy counter-attacked and 
drove Buffs back slightly, but failed against 
8th Bedfords' advanced post--D Company, 
West Yorks {3 oflïcers and 65 other ranks 
under Capt. Rendall), attempted raid, but 
driven back by artillery tire. 
17. Gas released on enemy--ideal conditions-- 
enemy attacked right flank of 8th Bedfords 
but driven back. 
18. Enemy shelled Loos heavily during night (about 
1,000 5"9s)--lst Leicesters (C Company under 
Capt. Cox) raided and captured one prisoner-- 
1st K.S.L.I. and 8th Bedfords made moto 
ground, latter taking twenty-seven prisoners 
and one machine-gun. 
19. 1st K.S.L.I. got north end of Novel Alley, but 
three attempts to push forward by 8th Bed- 
fords unsuccessful--K.S.L.I, took eighteen 
prisoners--14th D.L.I. relieved 8th Bedfords 
--llth Essex placed under orders of G.O.C., 
16th Infantry Brigade. 
20. 46th Division relieved 24th Division on our 
right--llth Essex into line, relieving 1st Buffs 
and 1st K.S.L.I. 

Aprll 20-21. 

May 2. 


Line partially withdrawn to allow of homhard- 
Attack hy 14th D.L.I. in conjunction with 46th 
Division--successful--two machine-guns and 
thirty-six prisoners. 
14th D.L.I. repulsed two enemy counter-attacks. 
Attack by 14th D.L.I. and llth Essex in con- 
junction with 46th Division--latter unahle 
to attack Narwhal trench on account of uncut 
wire--llth Essex unable to get on--I4th 
D.L.I. took objective, but gradually shelled 
and sniped out and driven back to original 
line--forty-six prisoners and three machine- 
22. 1st Leicesters relieved 14th D.L.I.--9th Sutolks 
lent to 16th Infantry Brigade--position be- 
came stationary with enemy in Nash Alley. 
23. Small enemy raid dispersed and an identification 
26. G.O.C. 71st Infantry Brigade assumed com- 
mand Loos Sector vice G.O.C. 16th Infantry 
Brigade to northern sector of Division. 
27. Enemy raided in Quarries Sector--one prisonor 
taken by us. 
28. Raid by 9th Norfolks (No. 8 Platoon) stopped 
by new wire--same by West ¥orks, also un- 
7,000 gas shells by enemy on Vermelles, Phil- 
osophe, and Maroc. 
46th Division took over portion of Southern 
Brigade area. 
Enemy patrol entered our lines, but was shot 
and identification ruade. 
Enemy attempted raid on 2nd D.L.I., but driven 
Heavy enemy bombardment in 14bis Sector-- 
raid broken up as it came out of trenches by 
artillery tire. 
Enemy raided Boyau 46 and captured four men. 
1st West ¥orks raid (2 officers and 52 other 
ranks) entered trenches but enemy fie(I--no 
22. 1st Leicesters raid (B Company, 4 officers and 
132 other ranks, under Capt. Wykes) in 
Quarries Sector--sÇveral dug-outs with enemy 
n destroyed, 

May 28. 

June 1. 








2nd Sherwood Foresters (6 ooEcers:and 133 other 
ranks under Major Addison-Smith) raided 
under cover of a smoke barrage--oEptured 
two prisoners and destroyed some dug-outs, 
machine-gun entrenchments and tunnel 
1st K.S.L.I. (3 officers and 130 other raks 
under Calot. E. Spink, M.C.) raided enemy 
near Hendon Alley--sixteen Germans killed 
and machine-gun entrenchments blown in. 
Two officers and forty other ranks of 1st K.S.L.I. 
raided saine trenches and got in, but no 
prisoners taken. 
Small raid 2nd D.L.I. (2 oflïcers and 50 other 
ranks) unsuccessful--enemy's barrage too 
Enemy small raid on 9th Suffolks af Newport 
Sap repulsed--four enemy dead left on our 
9th Suffolks (3 oflicers and 94 other ranks) raided 
as far as enemy suloloort trenches, but round 
no one. 
9th Norfolks (1 oticer and 35 other ranl) 
atemlotl raid on 1V[erthyr Sap» but could 
hot get in. 
14h D.L.I. succeul daylight raid (3 oticers 
and 80 other ranl) in vicinity of ash Aley 
--a good mny enemy killed and seven 
prisoners aken. 
Enemy enered post of llth Essex and did 
some damage» but wa8 driven out by countor- 
id by let ]uffs (two colnloanie nder Calot. 
acob) near Halifax Alley---remained in 
trenche three and a hoe hours and calotured 
fiteen prioners and two aeria|-dart machines. 
Lieu. Harringon and Buss (both killed) 
grea]y disinguihed thene|ves. 
Very gaulant raid by 2nd D.L.I. (2 oticer and 
8 other ranks under Calot. l'awcett) and 
llth Essex (3 otïicers and 67 other rans 
under OElot. Silver) in connection with opera- 
tions of 46th Division--hough anticipated 
the raiders got into the enemy's renche and 
remained there one hour, repel[ing ail countor- 
attcls--one prisoner aken. 



Aug. 5. 
Sept. 9. 

0c$. 4. 


Small enemy raid on Novel Alley unsuccessful-- 
left one dead in our trench. 
Small enemy raid on 1st West Yorks in Novel 
Alley unsuccessful--two prisoners taken and 
one enemy left dead in trench. 
7-8. Brilliant repulse of strong enemy raid near 
Boyau 70 by 1st Ïhe Buffs and 1st K.S.L.I.-- 
two prisonem aken by us. 
14th D.L.I. raid (1 officer and 30 other ranks) 
trcnches cntcrcd but cnemy fled--enemy 
small raid on Novel Alley driven off. 
I2. Patrol raid (3 patrols of 12) by 8th Bedfords 
in Hulluch Sector--oue prisoner. 
16. Surprise raid by 9th Norfolks (2 officers and 
36 other ranks)--stiff fighting but no iden- 
tification obtained. 
20. Threc patrols (3 officcrs and 55 other ranks) of 
2nd York and Lancastcrs raided enemy's 
posts but only partly successful. 
23. Raid by 1st Leicestcrs (8 officers and 291 other 
ranks under Capt. Mosse) in Quarries Sector 
encmy bolted into dug-outs--remained one 
and a hall hours in enemy's trenches--one 
prisoner taken. 
Division relicved by 46th Division--D.I-I.Q. to 
Ourton--troops to area Ourt)n-Monchy 
31. 9th Norfolks and 1st Leicesters went by bus to 
Bac St. Maur fo corne under orders G.O.C., 
57th Division. 
9th Norfotks and 1st Leicesters returned. 
Into linc on I-Iill 70 front. 
2nd Shcrwood Foresters raided enemy I-Iill 70 
Sector unsuccessfully--enemy had bombarded 
trenches all day and blown in many, and had 
anticipatcd thc raid. 
13. 8th Bedfords (2 officers and 85 other ranks) 
raided enemy and bombed his crowded 
trenches, but failed to get in. 
Enemy's raid on llth Essex fafled. 
Side-stcpped with a view to attack on Cité t. 
29. Enemy raided York and Lancasters, but was 
repulsed and left an unwounded prisoner in 
our hands. 
Preparations for attack. 

DIAR r 95 

Fnemy raid (about hall battalion) on 18th In- 
fantry Brigade rel3ulsed. 
Oct. 19. Raid with heavy bombardment on 14th D.L.I. 
20-23. Relieved by llth Divisioa--to St. Hilaire area. 
29. Marched south to loin Third Army. 
Training xvith tnks. 
lqov. 15-19. Commenced march to Cambrai front. 
20. Batlle o[ Cambrai. 
16th Infantry Brigade on right, 71st Infantry 
Brigade on lcft, 18th passed through--broke 
both systems of I-Iindenburg Line, capturing 
Ribécourt and Premy Chapcl Ridge--first 
company into Marcoing---over 1,100 prisoners 
and 23 guns. 
Ail objectives gaincd with fcw casualties by 
12 noom 
Congratulatory message from Corps Commander. 
21. Action of 14th D.L.I. supporting cavalry in 
advance to Cantaing. 
26-27. 18th InfantryBrigade extended front to Cantaing. 
1st The Butïs cleared and occupied bIoyelles. 
30. Enemy counter-attack in [orce on Third Army. 
16th Infantry Brigade moved from Divisional 
Reserve to near Beaucamps and ordered 
to cotmt¢r-attack on Gouzeaucourt--found 
Guards already in possession. 
Arranged to attack by night on La Vacquerio- 
Gonnelieu--attack unsuccessful. 
Gallant action of 18th Infantry Brigade trans- 
port under Shea, Q.M., 2nd D.L.I., and laul, 
Transport otïicer, 1st West Yorks--both died 
of wounds. 
Congratulatory message on this action received 
from G.O.C., 29th Division. 
lqight Dec. 2/3. 16th Infantry Brigade relieved part of 29th 
Division north of St. Quentin Canal. 
o 3. Enemy attacked K.S.L.I. and 14th D.L.I. north 
of canal. Three counter-attacks by D.L.I., 
but finally driven back. 
Bedfords and York and Lancasters put in to 
restore situation--partially successful. 
Front xvithdra7t to line of canal night of 
4. General withdrawal of Brit.ish line to Support 
System of Hindenburg Line ordered. 


I)eo. 10. Relieved by 19th Division. 
11. 16th Infantry Brigade to VI Corps. 
12. 18th Infantry Brigade fo VI Corps. 
Above brigades placed at disposal of 3rd Divi- 
sion, and went into line to relieve two of their 
brigades on Bullecourt front for a few days. 
I)ec. 14 to Jan.kl n rest-Basseux area. 
17,1918. J-" 

Jan. 17. 
Feb. 4. 

April 3-4. 

Night 26-27. 

May 8. 

Commenced move up to Frémicourt. 
Enemy's silent raid on three posts of Boursies 
area and captured one prisoner. 
Side-stepped into Lagficourt Sector. 
1st K.S.L.I. (2 oflïcers and 50 other ranks, 
B Company) raided Magpie's Nest and cap- 
tured one machine-gun---enemy fied. 
16 1st Leicesters (2 oflïcers and 50 other ranks) 
repeatcd raid--post empty. 
21. GreatGermanoensivecommenced. Fightingallday 
--heavy casualties--71st and 18th Infantry 
Brigades holding out in Reserve Line till dark. 
22. Fighting ail day on Corps line. 
Remnants of Division relieved at night--to 
Achiet and Logeast Wood. , 
By train to Second Army. 
King's visit to Steenvoorde. 
Into line in Ypres Salient on high ground be- 
tween Menin and Zonnebeke Roads--came 
under XXII Corps. 
13. 71st Iffantry Brigade left to join 49th Division 
on Neuve Eglise front. 
16. Line withdrawn to battle zone--enemy followed 
up in the afternoon and a good many casua|- 
ries were inflicted on him--one party of 
twenty-five annihilated. 
18. Enemy raided post unsuccessfully and |ost an 
officer killed--identification obtained by us. 
Capture of Kemmel by enemy from the French. 
71st Infantry Brigade returned to Division. 
Further withdrawal to west. :end of Zillebeke 
Lake-White Château. 
Heavy attacks against Division on our right. 
Unsuccessful enemy attack on Ridgewood. 
Side-slipped to south and came into II Corps. 
llth Essex raided Manor Farm successfully but 
no prisoners taken. 

May 22. 

June 5. 

Jy 6. 


Aug. 2. 

In August. 

Sept. 1. 



2nd D.L.I. (A and C Companie 0 raided pill- 
boxes Bedford front and took sixteen pris- 
oners. I 
Attekbyllth Essex in eonjunetion with 
Freneh 46th Division. 
2nd York and Laneasters raided (3 offieer8 and 68 
other ranks) Lankhoff Farm unsuccessfully. 
Division relieved--to Dirty Bucket Camp and 
Jan ter Biezen area. 
71st T.M.B. co-operated in 46th French Division 
18th T.M.B. lent to 7th French Division for a 
Relieved 46th French Division in Dickebusch 
Enemy's raid on Scottish Wood repulsed. 
Patrol of 2nd Sherwood Foresters rushed a 
post near Ridgewood by day--capturcd a 
machine-gun and killed the garrison. 
Attack by 18th In/antry Brigade on Iidgewooà. 
1st West Yorks and 2nd D.L.I. assisted by 
two companies 1st Middlesex of 33rd Division 
-enemy surprised--most successful--cap- 
tures, 7 oiïlcers, 341 other ranks,23 machine- 
guns, 1 tt.T.M., 2 L.T.Ms. 
1st The Buffs daylight raid on the Brasserie-- 
successfulthree prisoners. 
H.M. The King saw seine of the troops af 
Miner operation by 18th Infantry Brigade in 
connection with 4Ist Division's operation-- 
company West Yorks unsuccessf---company 
2nd D.L.I. on right co-operating with 4Ist 
Division entirely successful. 
Attachment of units of 27th Amcrican Division. 
Relieved by 27th American Division--te Wiz- 
ornes ar. 
Division marched te Arques. 
Entrained for Fourth Army. 
Detrained and billeted in area Heilly-Ribe- 
Relieved 32nd Division st head of IX Corps 
by bus. 
18th Infantry Brigade took over front in Holnon 
Wood with llth Essex. 
16th Infantry Brigade in support inTrefcon area. 


71st Infantry Brigade in resorve in lYlonchy- 
Lagache area. 
Sept. 15. llth Essex attacked and captured trenches just 
clear of Holnon Wood, taking fory-six pris- 
15-16. Divisional front re-organized with West Yorks 
on right and Essex on left. 
17. West Yorks attacked ttolnon Village and Essex 
Badger Copse to establish starting line for 
general attack on 18th September--fighting 
ail day--Essex eventually successful--West 
Yorks unsuccessful. 
18. General attack to capture high ground overlook- 
ing St. Quentin--71st Infantry Brigade on 
right, with D.L.I. attached to capture ttolnon 
hl6th Infantry Brigade on left--latter ad- 
vanced 3,000 yards--former held up by 
Quadrilateral right ruade little progress as 
French failed fo capture Round and lIan- 
chester Hills on right flank. 
19. Attack renewed on Quadrilateral but unsuc- 
20-23. Digging new assembly trenches and bombarding 
QuadrilaterM with heavy artiilery. 
24. Attack on whole IX Corps front--18th Infantry 
,Brigade on right, 16th Infantry Brigade on 
)eft--fighting all day; hall Quadrilateral 
captured by nightfall. 
1st Leicesters, attached fo 18th Infantry Bri- 
gade, captured Douai Trench east of I4olnon 
af 10.30,p.m. by moonlight. 
25. Gradual completion of capture of Quadrilateral. 
Selency Village captured--l%sition consoli- 
26-30. On position. 
Bel)t. 30 to Oct. 1. Relief of Division by the Frcnch. 
Oct. 1-3. Resting in Tertry area. 
4. Division relieved 46th Division--D.H.Q. at La 
Baraque, 71st Infantry Brigade af Magny la 
Fosse, 16th Infantry Brigade took over line 
with 139th Infantry Brigade (46th Division) 
left at Sequehart under 6th Division. 
7. 71st relieved part of 16th Infantry Brigade on 
left next fo 30th American Division. 
8. Geeral attack towards Bohain--71st. Infantry 
Brigade on left, 16th Infantry Brigade on 

Oct, 8-9. 




right, 18th Infantry Brigade in Divisional 
Reserve with West Yorks (attached to 16th 
Infantry Brigade} attacking.up valley, French 
on right--all objectives gained by night. 
Took over part of line by night from 30th 
American Division and handed over part to 
46th Division. 
9. Attack under a barrage af dawn towards Bohain 
and Fresnoy--Bohain captured during night 
by 9th Norfolks. 
10. Advance by 71st Infantry Brigade to high 
ground 2,000 yards east of Bohain46th 
Division on right. 
Reconnaissance in force by 71st InfantryBrigade 
brought to a standstill by machine-gun tire. 
18th Infantry Brigade relleved 71st Infantry 
Brigade by night. 
18th Infantry Brigade reconnaissance in force at 
4.30 p.m. ruade a little ground. 
71st Infantry Brigade relleved 18th Infantry 
16th and 18th Infantry Brigades moved to north 
for general attack on 18th, with 30th Ameri- 
can Division on left and 46th Division on 
right. Brig.-Gen. Walker wounded. 
18. General attack through Vauk Andigny--16th 
Infantry Brigade on left, 18th Infantry Bri- 
gade on right, 71st Infantry Brigade in re- 
serve--suc cessful-- 1 st Division passed throug h 
6th Division, which came into Corps Reserve. 
Division relieved 30th American Division in 
St. Souplet area--18th Infantry Brigade on 
right next fo 1st Division, 71st Infantry 
Brigade on left next to 25th Division--D.H.Q 
23. General attack fo gain high ground overlooking 
Sambre Canal--zero 1.30 a.m.--18th Infantry 
Brigade successful on right--71st Infantry 
Brigade on left, disorganized by gas shelling 
in assembly position and losing the barrage by 
reason of the high fences and the mist, gained 
most of their objectives by the afternoon. 
16th Infantry Brigade relleved 71st Infantry 
Brigade by night and pushed on, completing 
capture of final objective. 


Oct. 28. 

Nov. 6. 

Nov. 25th fo 
[Dec. 2. 


71st Infantry Brigade relieved 18th Infantry 
30. Successful attack on a farm by 1st The Butïs. 
30-31. Division relieved by 32nd Division, went to test 
at Fresnoy le Grand. 
Division moved to Bohain. 
tostilities ceased. 
Division marched to area Catillon-Mazinghien- 
Vaux Andigny. 
15. To area Prisches-Le Sart-Catfllon. 
16. To area Avesnes-Favril. 
17. Halt. 
18. To area Solre le Château-Dompierre. 
19. Tail closed fo Dimechaux-Sars Poteries. 
20. March to the Rhine commenced. 
To area Barbençon-Thirimont. Tail at Solre le 
Tafl closed fo Barbençon-Beaumont. 
To area Lenetïe-Fraire-Walcourt-Boussu. 
Dec. 1. Halt. 
To area Mettet-lflavion-Morialme. Tail 
3. To area Sommières-Onhaye. 
4. To area Bouvignes-Anhee. Tail ai Mettet- 
5. H.Q. Group and 71st Infantry Brigade crossed 
Vleuse and went fo Crupet-Braibant-Purnode. 
L16th and 18th Infantry Brigades closed fo river 
ai Anhee-Bouvignes. Tail ai Gerin-Maro- 
6. 16th and 18th Infantry Brigades crossed Meuse. 
Division in area Achet-Hamois-Ciney. Tail 
af Yvoir. 
7. Halt. 
8. To area Les Avins-Pailhe. Tail af Ciney. 
9. To area Outïet-Tinlot-Stree. Tail af Have- 
10. Halt. 
11. To area Remouchamps-Aywaille-Comblain la 
Tour. Tail af Tinlot. 
12. To area Francorchamps-Stoumont. Tail at 
13. 71st Infantry Brigade crossed German frontier 
to Malmedy. 
Remainder in area Stavelot-Stoumont. Tail at 

DIARY 101 

Dec. 14. H.Q. Group crossed frontier--71st Infantry 
Brigade to Elsenborn Camp. Tail at Aywaille. 
15. 18Lh Infantry Brigade crossed fronLier--71st 
Infantry Brigade to Montjoie. Tail ai 
16. 16Lh Infantry Brigade crossed frontier--71st 
Infantry Brigade to Simmerath-Rotgen. Tail 
aL Malmedy. 
17. Tail to Elsenborn Camp. 
18. Halt. 
19. To area Heinbach-Gemund-Schleiden. Tail. t 
Elsenbom amp. 
20. To area Mechernich-Kommem-Zulpich. Tail 
aL Montjoie. 
21. To area Euskirchen-Zulpich. Tail ai Harper- 
22. To area Lechenich-WeilerswisL. Tail aL Vlat- 
23. To area Rondorf-Kendenich. Tail at Zulpich- 
D.H.Q. aL Bruhl--all units now in final 


A.A. and Q.M. 

D.A.A. and Q.M.G.. 


Adjurant Major B. 
12th Field Copan Major A. 
38th Field Company Major F. 
6th Divisional Signal Cal)t. A. 
O.C.,Squadron, 19th Major 

Major-Gen. J. L. Keir, C.B., late R.A. 
Capt. P.; F. Fit.zgerald, King's Shrop- 
shire Light Infant.ry. 
Col. W. T. Furse, D.S.O., late R.A. 
Lt.-Col. J. T. Burnett-Stuart, D.S.O., 
Rifle Brigade. 
Capt. A. T. Paley, Rifle Brigade. 
Col. W. Campbell, D.S.O., Gordon 
Major F. C. Dundas, Argyll and Suther- 
]and High]anders. 
Major A. Delavoye, A.S.C. 
Col. H. 0. Trevor, R.A.M.C. 
Major N. J. C. RutherIord, R.A.M.C. 
Major tt. M. Lenox-Conyngham, A.V.C. 
Major H. M. Howard, A.(}.D. 
Capt. H. S. Rogers, King's Shropshire 
Light Infantry. 
Lt.-Col. G. C. Kemp, R.E. 
W. Y. Danford, R.E. 
F. Sargeaunt, R.E. 
M. Browne, R.E. 
N. Paxton, R.E. 
O'S. F. Tnner, 19th Hussars. 

O.C., Cyclist Company Capt. S. H. Dix, Leinster Regiment. 
O.C., 6th. Divisional Lt.-Col. H. Davies, A.S.C. 


O.C., 16th Field Ara- Lt.-Col. A. C. Fox. 
O.C., 17th Field Am- Lt.-Col. J. P. Silver. 
O.C., 18th Field Ara- Lt.-Col. A. A. Watson (S.R.). 

Staff-Captain . 
0rderly 0fficer 

21st Battery . 
42nd Battery. 
53rd Battery . . 
Brigade Ammunition 
24th Brigade, R.F.A. 

Brig.-Gen. W.L.H. Paget, C.B., M.V.O. 
Major J. Farquhar. 
Capt. J. de V. Bowles. 
2]Lieut. K. F. W. Dunn. 
2nd Brigade, R.F..4. 
Col. W. A. M. Thompson. 
Capt. H. R. S. Massey. 
Major L. M. Phillpotts, D.S.O. 
Major H. J. Brock. 
Major C. J. Rugge Price. 
Capt. C. E. S. Bower. 

Lt.-Col. C. E. Laurie, D.S.O. 
Capt. H. A. Boyd. 
Major W. M. Warburton. 
Major E. C. W. D. Walthall, D.S.O. 
Major W. B. Browell. 
Capt. B. H. Shaw-Stewart. 

38th Brigade, R.F.A. 
O.C. Lt.-Col. R. F. Fox, D.S.O. 
Adjutan . Capt. C. S. Rich. 
24th Battery Major A. G. Arbuthnot. 
34th Battery . Major A. R. Wainwright. 
72nd Battery . . Major F. A. Tigho. 
Brigade Ammunition Capt. C. R. Hill. 
12th (Howitzer) Brigade, R.F.A. 

43rd Battery . 
86th Battery. 
87th Battery . . 
Brigade Ammuniton 

Lt.-Col. G. Humphreys, D.S.O. 
Capt. A. T. McGrath. 
Major E. R. Burne. 
Major R. S. Hardman. 
Major H. T. Belcher, D.S.O. 
Capt. R. J. C. Meyricke. 


110th Battery 
11 lth Battery 
112th Battery . 
Brigade Ammunition 


24th Heavy Battery, R.G.A. (60-pounders) 
O.C. Major H. E. J. Brake, C.B., D.S.O. 
Divisional Ammunition Column 
O.C. Lt.-Col. G, A. Cardew. 
Adjutan Capt. J. C. Dundas. 
B.G.C.. Brig.-Gen. E. C. Ingouville-Williams, 
C.B., D.S.O., late Worcestershire 
Brigade-Major Capt. R. H. Mangles, D.S.O., The 
Queen's Regiment. 
Staff-Captain . Capt. G. Lee, The Buffs. 
O.C., 1st Bn., Thë Lt.-Col. H. C. de, Ja M. Hill. 
O.C., 1st Bn., Leices- 
tershire Regiment. 
O.C., 1st Bn., K.S.L.I. 
O.C., 2nd Bn., York 
and Lancaster Regç. 

Lt.-Col. H. L. Croker. 

Lt.-Col. C. P. Higginson, D.S.O. 
Lt.-Col. E. C. Cobbold. 



O.C., 1st Bn., Roya 
O.C., 1st Bn., North 
Staffordshire Regt. 
O.C., 2nd Bn., Lein- 
ster Regiment. 
O.C., 3rd Bn., Rifle 



Brig.-Gen. "VV. R. B. Doran, C.B., 
D.S.O., late Royal Irish Regiment. 
Major A. D. Green, D.S.O., Worcester- 
shire Regiment. 
Capt. H. V. Scott, Rifle Brigade. 
Lt.-Col. R. Fowler-Butler. 

Lt.-Col. V. W. de Falbe, D.S.O. 
Lt.-Col. W. T. M. Reeve. 

Lt.-Col. R. Alexander. 

Brig.-Gen. W. N. Congreve, V.C., C.B., 
M.V.O., late Rifle Brigade. 
Capt. R. F. H. Wallace, Black Watch. 
Capt. F. G. Maughan, Durham Light 

O.C., 1st Bn., West Lt.-Col. F. W. Towsey. 
Yorkshire Regiment. 
O.C., 1st Bn., East Lt.-Col. R. E. Benson. 
Yorkshire Regiment. 



O.C., 2nd Bn., Sher- 
wood Foresters. 
O.C., 2nd Bn., D.L.I. 

Lt.-Col. C. B. Crofton-Atkins. 
Lt.-Col. B. W. L. McMahon. 






Intelligence Officer . 
A.A. and Q.M.G. 



S.C.F., C. of E 
Divisional Claires 
Divisional Gas Officer 
O.C., 209th Employ 
V ment Company. 
6th M.T. Company . 

Major-Gen. T. O. Marden, C.B., C.M.G., 
late the Welch Regiment. 
2/Lieut. E. C. W. Severne, General List. 
Capt. J. R. Tylden, East Kent Yeo- 
Brevet-Lt.-Col. T. T. Grove, D.S.O., 
Major L. M. Taylor, M.C., York and 
Lancaster Regiment {T.). 
Capt. J. Horlington, M.C., York and 
Lancaster Regiment (S.R.). 
Lieut. K. Archbold, M.C., General List. 
Brevet-Lt.-Col. P. I-Iudson, C.M.G., 
D.S.O., The King's (Liverpool) Regt. 
Major C. Macfie, D.S.O., Seaforth High- 
Lt.-Col. A. J. D. Hay, East Surrey 
Regiment (S.R.). 
Col. H. C. R. Hime, D.S.O., R.A.M.C. 
Major N. Cantlie, M.C., R.A.M.C. 
Major R. F. Bett, A.V.C. 
Major R. G. P. Hare, A.O.D. 
Capt. W. A. Bignell, South Irish Home• 
lev. E. C. Hoskyns, M.C., A.C.D. 
Lieut. C. E. B. M. Smith, Sherwood 
Capt. D. Powell, M.C., R.E. 
Capt. G. L. Scudamore, Labour Corps. 
Major O. B. Gabriel, A.S.C. 


12th Field Conpan; 
459th Field Company 
509th Field Company 
6th Divisional Signal 

Lt.-Col. H. A. L. Hall, M.C., R.E. 
Capt. C. A. Langley, M.C., R.E. 
Major F. W. Moore, M.C., R.E.(S.). 
Major A. S. Lambert, M.C., R.E.(T.). 
Major H. G. Bambridge, M.C., R.E.(S.). 
Major A. G. Shaw, M.C., East York- 
shiro Regiment (T.). 


O.C., llth Bn., Leices- Lt.-Col. R. H. Radford, Leicestershire 
tershire Regiment. Regiment (S.R.). 
2ndinCommand Major W. A. Rodger, Leicestershire 
Regiment (S.). 
Adjurant Capt. H. M. Raleigh, Leicestershire 
O.C., 6thBattalion, Lt.-Col. J. B. Rosher, D.S.O., M.C., 
M.G.C. Durham Light Infantry (S.). 
2nd in Command Major M. C. Cooper, M.C., Oxford and 
Bucks Light Infantry (T.). 
Adjurant Capt. J. M. Briggs, King's Shropshire 
Light Infantry (S.R.). 
O.C. Lt.-Col. F. C. S. lorrington, A.S.C. 
Adjutan. Capt. R. Bealcs, A.S.C. 
Senior Supply'Office'r Capt. A. F. Osborne, M.C., A.S.C. 
16th Field Ambulance Lt.-Col. J. W. C. Stubbs, M.C., 
17th Field Ambulance Lt.-Col. A. J. Hickey, M.C., R.A.M.C. 
18th Field Ambulance Lt.-Col. E. W. Wade, D.S.O., R.A.M.C. 
O.C. Capt. H. J. Hughes, A.V.C. 
C.R.A.. Brig.-Gen. E. F. Delaforce,C.M.G.,R.A. 
Brigade-Majo Major S. Carwithen, R.A. 
Staff-Captain. . Capt. K. Lyon, R.A. 
ReconnaissanceOfficer Lieut. L. S. Wooler, R.A. 
Signal Officer . Capt. F. Goodman, R.E. 

0rderly Oflice 
Signal Oflicer. 
Horsemaster . 

21st Battery . 
42nd Battery. 
53rd Battery . 
87th Battery , 

2nd Brigade, R.F.A. 
Lt.-Col. W.H.F. Weber, D.S.O.,R.F.A. 
Capt. T. C. Rayner, M.C. 
2/Lieut. T. Brough. 
2/Lieut. W. F. J. Delyon. 
Capt. W. P.-Jones, Duke of Lancaster's 
Major E. F. Housden. 
Major T. R. Ubsdell, D.S.O. 
Major R. Scott-Aiton, M.C. 
Major J. W. Godley. - 


Orderly Oflïce 
Horsemaster . 
ll0th Battery 
11 lth Battery 
112th Battery 
43rd Battery . 

24th Brigade, R.F.A. 
Lt.-Col.J.A.C. Forsyth, D.S.O.,R.F.A. 
Capt. E. J. Saltwell. 
Lieut. C. G. Campbell. 
Capt. E. T. C. Murray, 6th Royal 
Regiment Dragoons (Canada). 
Major P. g. C. Honner, M.C. 
Major F. M. A. Wood. 
Major G. Sandeman. 
Major B. Todd, M.C. 

6th Divisional Ammunition Column 
O.C. Lt.-Col. B. Allan, R.F.A. 
Adjutan Capt. F. Heap. 
No. 1 Section  Capt. A. McQueen. 
No. 2 Section. Capt. H. W. C. Angell. 
No. 3 Section . Capt. H. Brewin (S.A.A. Section).  5.  '- 
Divisional Trench _Mortars HÇ . , * 
D.T.M.O. Capt. R. A. Levinge, R.A. " 
X/6th T.M. Bttery Capt.M.R.Anderson,M.C.,GeneralList. 
Y/6th T.M. Battery. Capt. V. E. Wait, llth Essex Regiment. 
B.G.C.. Brig.-Gen. W. G. Braithwaite, C.B., 

Staff-Captain . 

Intelligence Oflïcer . 

Signal Officer. 
O.C., 1st The Buffs 
2nd in Command 
O.C., 1st K.S..I. 
2nd in Command 
O.C., 2nd York and 
Lancaster Regt.. 
2nd in Command 
16th T.M. Battery . 


C.M.G.,D.S.O.,RoyalWclch Fusiliers. 
Capt. E. Dryden, M.C., Durham L. I. 
Capt. S. H. D. Charnier, M.C., West 
Yorkshire Regiment. 
Lieut. G. H. Bond, M.C., York and 
Lancaster Regiment. 
2/Lieut. W. D. A. Williams, R.E. 
Lt.-Col. R. E. Power, D.S.O. 
Major Lord Teynham. 
Lieut. E. F. Hall. 
A/Lt.-Col. L. H. Morris, M.C.- 
Major C. E. Parker. 
Capt. G. S. E. Denyer, M.C. 
Lt.-Col. J. R. Robertson, Bedfordshire 
Major P. H. C. Collins, M.C. 
C0F¢. E. E. Battle, M.C. 
Lieut. H. Carss, Durham Light InIantry. 
Brig.-Gen. G. 8. G. CrauInrd, C.M.G., 
C.I.E., D.S.O., A.D.C., Gordon High- 




Signal Officer. 
O.C., 1st West York'- 
shire Regiment. 
2nd in Command  
Adjutant . . 
O.C., llth Essex 
2nd in Command 
O.C., 2nd D.LI. 
2nd in Command 
18th Trench orta 


Staff-Captain . 

Intelligence Officer . 

Signal Officer. 
O.C., 9th 1Norfol 
2nd in Command 
Adjutant . . 
O.C., 1st Leicester- 
sbire Regiment. 
2nd in Command 
O.C., 2nd Shërwool 
2nd in Command 
Adjurant . . 
7 lstTrench Mortar  

Brevet-Major H. C. E. Hull, The 
Capt. W. V. Cavill, M.C., West York- 
shire Regiment. 
Ieut. G. White, Scottish Rifles. 
Lt.-Col. D. L. Weir, D.S.O., M.C., 
Leicestershire Regiment. 
Major J. C. Blackburn, M.C. 
Capt. G. A. Robinson, M.C. 
Lt.-Col. C. H. Dumbell, D.S.O., Sher- 
wood Foresters. 
Major A. G. Saunders. 
Capt. G. B. Scott. 
Lt.-Col. R. V. Turner. 
Major P. C. Parker, M.C. 
Capt. S. R. Streatfield. 
Capt. T. E. Peart, M.C., Durham Light 
Brig.-Gen. P. W. Brown, D.S.0., Gor- 
don Highlanders. 
Brevet-Major A. Weyman, M.C., 
Leicestershire Regiment (A/G.S.0.2, 
18th Division). 
Capt. J. F. Tamblyn, M.C., The Queen's 
Regiment (S.). 
Capt. F. W. Musgrave, West Yorkshlro 
Regiment (T.). 
Lieut. H. L. Hayne, Leicestershiro 
Regiment (S.). 
Lieut. K. D. Allen, R.E. 
Lt.-Col. F. R. Day, lorfolk Rcgiment. 
Major E. W. Cannings, M.C. 
Capt. C. P. Bassingthwaite, M.C. 
Lt.-Col. J. R. Martin, D.S.O., M.C., 
Royal Scots. 
Major G. 1N. Wykes. 
Capt. R. 1N. Davies, M.C. 
Lt.-Col. C. E. ttudson, V.C., D.S.O., 
Major F. ).:Collen, M.C. 
Capt. A. L. Gill, M.C. 
Capt.. Gjertson, M.C.» Essex Regi- 
ment (T.). 


N.B.--RmoEs and Honours are given as held on date of appointment. 
Major-Gen. J. L. Keir, C.B. Mobn.--26.5.15 
Major-Gen. W. N. Congreve, V.. 
Col. (T/Maj.-Gen.) Ci Ross', D.S.)."15--18.8.11" 1517 
Col. (T/Maj.-Gen.) T. O. Marden, 
C.M.G. 19.8.17--Armistice. 

Il. G.S.O.s, 1ST GRAE 
Col. W. T. Furse Mobn.--28.12.14 
Lt.-Col. J. M. Shea, niaArm 29.12.14---4.7.15 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) G. F. Boyd, 
Royal Irish Regiment 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) L. F. Renny', 
D.S.O., Royal Dublin Fus.. 
Major (T/Lt.-CoL) T. T. Grove, 
D.S.O., R.E. 


III. G.S.O.s, 2) GRADE 
Major J. T. Burnett-Stuart, Rifle 
Brigade. . Mobn.--17. 2.15 
Major W. E. Ironside, R.. 18.2.15--29.2.16 
Major L. P. Evans, Black Watca 1.3.16--5.3.17 
Major M. Beevor, The Buffs 6.3.17--17.11.17 
Major W. Harris-St. John, Royal 
Welch Fusiliers 
Major S. S. Hill-Dillon, I.S.O. 
Royal Irish Regiment 29.4.18--15.6.18 
Lieut. (T/Major) R. W. Bamett, 
M.C., Rifle Brigade . 
Major L. M. Taylor, M.C. 
K.O.Y.L.I. (T.F.) . 


16.6.18--12.8.18 (K.) 



Capt. A. T. Paley, Rifle Brigade 
Major W. E. Ironside, R.A. 
Capt. T. T. Grove, R.E. . 
Major A. B. Lawson, llt 
Hussars . 
Capt. H. D. Denison-Pender, 
Scots Greys . . . 
Capt. M. K. Wardle, Leicester- 
shire Regiment 
Capt. M. C. Bell, D.S.O. M.C, 
Royal Fusiliers 
Major A. S. Wright, Roya Cana'- 
dian F.A. 
Lieut. (T/Capt.) J. F'. Horngto, 
M.C., Y. and L. Regt. (S.R.) 
V. A.A.s D 
Col. W. Campbell, D.S.O. 
Col. R. Wanless-O'Gowan 
Major {T]Lt.-Col.} R. S. Mai, 
Royal Fusiliers 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) M. R. Walsh', 
Worcestershire Regiment . 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) M. B. Savage, 
D.S.O., South Staffs Regt. 
Bt.-Lt.-Col. P. Hudson, D.S.O., 
King's (Liverpool} Regiment 

Mobn.--31. I0.14 
Mobn.--30. 9.14 

Major F. C. Dundas, Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders 
Capt. G. Ogston, Gordon High'- 
Cat. J. L. Whson, Wst ii 
Regiment . . 
Capt. S. G. L. Brad'ley, Queen's 
Westminster Rifles . 
Major C. Macfie, Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders 

D.A.A.s D Q.M.G.s.) 

VIL D.A.Q.M.G.'s. 
Major A. Delavoye, A.S.C. Mobn.--l. 1.15 
Major H. L. Nevill, D.S.O., R.A'. 15.1.15---26.2.15 
Major IL Atkinson, R.A.. 27.2.15--28.5.15 

Capt. J. C. Dundas, R.A.. 29.5.15--13. I0.15 
Major H. Street, Devon Regt. . 14. I0.15--16.1.17 
Capt. R. B. Tower, Notts and 
Derby Regiment . . 17.1.17--21.5.18 
Bt.-Col. A. J. Hay, East Surrey 
Regiment (S.R.). 22.5.18--Armistice. 
VIII. C.R.A.s. 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) W. H. L. 
Paget, M.V.O .... Mobn.--26.5.15 
Col. (T]Brig.-Gen.) G. Hum- 
phreys, C.B., D.S.O.. 27.5.15--28.6.16 
Bt.-CoI. (T/Brig.-Gen.) E. S'. 
Cleeve (R. of O.) 29.6.16--23. I0.16 
Lt.-CoI. (T/Brig.-Gen.) "E. . 
Delaforce, C.M.G. 24. I0.16--Armistice. 
IX. C.R.E.s. 
Lt.-CoI. G. C. Kemp . . Mobn.--12. 8.15 
Major (T]Lt.-CoI.) A. G. Steven- 
son 13.8.15--19.12.15 
Col. T. A. H. ]iggel: . 20.12.15--24.1.16 
Lt.-CoI. H. R. S. Christie 25.1.16--1.1.17 
Major (T]Lt.-CoI.) G. F. B. Gold'- 
ney, D.S.O. 2. I. 17--22.9.18 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) t. A. £. I-Ial, 
M.C. 23.9.18--Armistice. 

Major H. Davies . 
Major F. Norrington 
Col. H. O. Trevor . 

X. O.C.s TRArS 
:X_I. A.D.M.S. 
Mobn.--March, '15 

CoI. B. H. Scott . . March, 'lS--March, '17 
Lt.-CoI. (T/CoI.) H.V. Grattan Match, '17--Oct.,'18 
Lt.-Col. (T]CoI.) H. C. R. Hime, 
D.S.O. Oct., ' 18--Armistice. 
XII. D.A.D.O.S. 
Major H. M. Howard . Oct., '14--26. I. 15 
Major F. H. P. O'Connor 27.1.15--18.11.15 
Major S. T. Hayley, D.S.O. 19.11.15--26.12.15 
Major S. B. Winch . 27.12.15--28.4.17 
Major R. G. P. Hare 29.4.17--Armistice. 




XIII. A.D.V.S. (Aml D.A.D.V.S.) 
Major tt. M. Lenox-Conyngham 6.9.14--28.8.15 
Major R. Tindle 29.8.15--2.2.18 
Major R. F. Bett 3.2.18--Armistice. 

Rev. T. P. Moreton . 
Rev. Nevfle Talbot, M.C.. 
Rev. Maurice Ponsonby, M.C. 
Rev. J. D. McCready 
Rev. L. G. Reed, M.C. 
Rev. E. C. Hoskyns, M.C. 

July, 'lS--Oct., '15 
Oct., "lS--May, "16 
May, '16--Nov., '16 
Nov., '16--31.12.16 

Rev. Fathr FitzGibbons, M.C.. Nov., '16-Spt., '18 
Rev. Father Kearey Sept., 'lB--Armistice. 
XVI. A.P.M.s. 
Capt. H. S. Rogers, K.S.L.I. Mobn.--2. 3.15 
Major Hon. J. R. Tufton, Royal 
Sussex Regiment (S.R.) 3.3.15 
Capt. A. J. Simey, R.I.C. ---Aug., '18 
Capt. W. A. Bignell, South Irisl 
l-lorse Aug., 'l 8--Armistice. 
16th In[antry Brigade 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) E. C. Ingou- 
ville-Wilfiams, C.B., D.S.O. Mobn.--16. 6.16 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) C. L. Niehol- 
son 17.6.16--25.7.16 
Major (T/Brig:-Gen:) W. "L. Os'- 
born, D.S.O., Royal Sussex 
Regiment 26.7.1626. I0.17 
Bt.-Lt.-Col. (TfBrig[-Gen. i H. A'. 
Walker, D.S.O., Royal Fus. 27.10.17--16. I0.18 
Bt.-Col. {T/Brig.-Gen.) W. G. 
Braithwaite, C.B., D.S.O., 
Royal Welch Fusiliers 17.10.18--Armistice. 
17th In]antry Brigade (to 24th Division on 14. I0.15) 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) W. R. B. 
Doran, C.B., D.S.O. Mobn.--10. 2.15 

Cl. (T/Brig.-Gen.) G. M. Har- 
per, D.S.O. 11.2.15--23.9.15 
Major (T/rig.-Gnl) J. V. ;. 
Carroll, Norfolk Regiment. 24.9.15--14.10,15 
18th In/antry Brigade 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) W. N. Con- 
greve, V.C., M.V.O.. Mobn.--29.5.15 
Lt.-Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) H. S'. 
Ainslie, C.M.G., Northum- 
berland Fusiliers 30.5.15--14.8.15 
Lt.-Col. (T/Brig.-Gen) "R. J'. 
Bridgford, C.M.G., D.S.O., 
King's Shropshire L.I. . 15.8.15--19.4.16 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) W. K. Mae- 
clintock, C.B. 20.4.16--12.6.16 
Lt.-Col. (T/Brig.-den) "H. S'. 
Tew, East Surrey Regiment 13.6.16--12.8.16 
Bt.-Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) R. J. 
Bridgford, C.M.G., D.S.O., 
King's Shropshire L.I. 13.8.16--14.9.17 
Lt.-Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) G. S. . 
Craufurd, C.M.G., C.I.E., 
D.S.O., Gordon Highlanders 15.9.17--Armistice. 
19lb In[antry Brigade (te 27th Division on 27.5. 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) Hon. F. Gor- 
don 12.10.14--27.5.15 
7Ist In[antry Brigade (oined Division on 14.10.15) 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) M. T. Shewen 14.10.15--26.5.16 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) J. F. Edwards 27.5.16--4.10.16 
Col. (T/Brig.-Gen.) E. Feetham, 
C.B. 5.10.16--19.8.17 
Brown, D.S.O., Gordon 
Highlanders 20.8.17--Armistice. 
* Signifies date of joining or leavlng Division. 
"f Signifies date of disbandmont of unit. 
Squadron, 19th H.ussars 
Capt. H. O'S. F. Tanner . Mobn.--Aprfl, '15 * 
"B "" Squadron, zYorthants Yeomanry 
Major Sir C. B. Lowther . 14.4.15"--29.10.15" 



6th Machine-Gun Batlalion 
Lt.-Col. J. B. Rosher, D.S.O., 
Durham Light Infantry . 
2nd Brigade, 
Cl. W. A. 1H. Thompson. 
Lt.-Col. L. C. L. Oldfield . 
Lt.-Col. 1H. J. 1HacCarthy, C.1H.. 
Lt.-Col. W. tt. F. Weber, D.S.O. 
12th Brigade, 
Lt.-Col. C. E. Lawrie, D.S.O. 
Lt.-Col. W. Evans, D.S.O. 
Major {T/Lt.-Col.) J. A. . 
Forsyth . 
38th Brigade, 
Lt.-Col. R. F. Fox, D.S.O. 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) L. M. Phi]l" 
1Hajor (T]Lt.-Col.) W. E. Clark . 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) A. 1Hellor, 

Match, '18--Armistice. 
8.7..15--May, '15 
lIay, '15--20.6.17 
1Hobn.--26. 5.15 
26.9.16--2.12.16 * 

12th Howitzer Brigade, R.F.A. 
Lt.-Col. G. Humphreys, D.S.O. Mobn.--29. 6.15 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) I4.1H. Davson 30.6.15--12.5.16 
Distributed to other Brigades. 

24th Heavy Brigade, B.G.A. 
Major H. E. J. Brake, C.B., D.S.O. lIobn.--Feb., '15 
Cal)t. (T/Major) E. Mlles . ]eb., 'ls-]ec., '16 * 
6th Divisional Annunition Colunn 
Lt.-Col. G. A. Cardew 1Hobn.--19.9.14 
Lt.-Col. Baron H. E. V. dë  j 
Robeck . _ 20.9.14--0ct., '16 
Lt.-Col. B. Allan (T.F.) 21. ll. 16--Armistice. 
1st Battalion The Bus (16th l[atry Brigade) 
L¢.-Col. tt. C. de la M. I-Iill lIobn.--15.11.14 
lIajor (T/Lt.-Col.) R. McDoua 16.11.14-- 



Bt.-Col. J. Hasler, D.S.O. 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) R. McDoual'l 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) E. H. Finch- 
Hatton . 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) È. F. "Goull 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) 14. W. Green 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) E. 14. Finch- 
Major (T/Lt.-Çol.) t. W.'Greei 
Major B. L. Strauss . . 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) I. E. Power 

1st Battalion Royal Fusiliers 
Lt.-Col. 1. Fowler-Butler 
Bt.-Lt.-Col. B. G. Price, D.S.O'. 

27.11.17--1.12.17i(K. ) 

(17th In/antry Brigade) 
Mobn.--3 1.7.15 

9th Battalion Norlolk Regimenl (71st In/antry .Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. E. Stracey . 11.10.15"--30.9.16 
Lt.-Col. B. H. L. Prior 1.10.16-10.12.16 
Capt. (T/Major) 1. S. "I)yer'- 
Bonnet, Leicester Regiment 16.12.16--14.1.17 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) J. B. O. Trimble 27.1.17--26.2.17 
Capt. (T/Major) 1. S. Dyer-Ben- 
net. 27.2.17--9.3.17 
Lt.-Col. E. StÇacey . 10.3.17--23.3.17 
Lt.-Col. B. I4. L. Prior 24.3.17--30.1.18] 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) H. J. Siurrel, 
M.C. 31.1.18--13.3.18 
Lt.-Col. B. 14.L. l%ior, DIS.O.. 14.3.18--21.3.18 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) F. 1. Day April, '18--28.7.18 
Lt.-Col. B. 14. L. Prior, D.S.O.. 29.7.18--22.8.18 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) F. 1. Day 23.8.18--Armistice. 
9th Battalion Sulolk Rcgiment (71st In/antry Brigade) 
Capt. (T/Lt.-Col.) W. 14. A. de la 
1)ryme, ILS.O., West York- 
sbire legiment 11.10.15"--14.5.16] 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) A. P.'MaciS, 
Suffolk legiment (S.) . 14.5.16--15.9.16 (K.) 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) F. Latham, 
I).S.O., Leicester legiment 18.9.16-1.2.18 t 
1st Battalion l'Vest Yorkshire Regiment (18th In/antry Brigade) 
Lt.- Col. F. W. Towsey Mobn.--20. 9.14 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) G. G. £ang . 20.9. I4--18.10.14 


Lt.-Col. le. W. Towsey . 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) T. 1): Bar- 
rington . . 
Lt.-Col. F. W. Towsey 
Major (T]Lt.-çol.) G. G.'Lang', 
Major (T]Lt.-ol.) d. H. goame 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) G. G. Lang, 
Major (T]Lt.-ol.) I. M. )fll)n, 
D.S.O., Oxford and Bucks 
Light Infantry 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) A. M. B'oyall" 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) D. L. Weir, 
D.S.O., M.C., Leicestershire 
Regiment . 
Lt.-Col. G. Barry-Drew, I.S.O.: 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) E. W. Can- 
nings, M.C . 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) . L." Weir, 
D.S.O., M.C. 





1st Battalion Leicestershire Regimet (16th and 71s¢ 
In/antry Brigades) 
Lt.-Col. tt. L. Croker Mobn.--ll. 12.14 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) tI. S'toney'- 
Smith  12.12.14--15.10.15 (K.) 

8th Battalion Bed]ordshire Regiment (71st and 16th 
I/atry Brigades) 
Capt. (T/Lt.-Col.) J. S. Liddell . 11.10.15 *--13.1.16 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) I-I. C. Jackson 14.1.16--17.4.16 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) W. R. H. Dann 17.4.16--19.5.16 
Capt. (T/Lt.-Col.) D. M. I-Iavkins 19.5.16--1.6.16 
Col. Lord Henry Scott 2.6.16--4.4.17 
Lt.-Col. Lord Ampthill . 5.4.17--19.5.17 
Capt. (T/Lt.-Col.) H. 1 Mac- 
Cullagh, D.L.I. 20.5.17--14.6.17 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) R. Le Iuque 15.6.17--16.2.18 t 

1st Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment (18th In]antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. R. E. Benson Mobn.--20. 9.14 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) W. H. oun 20.9.14--10.11.14 
Lt.-Col. W. tI. Armstrong . 11.11.14--19.11.14 
Major (T/L¢.-Col.) J. L. S. Clarke 20.11.14--26.11.15 * 



Lt.-Col. A. H. Buchannan-Dunlop 25.10.15--1.2.16 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) R. H. Gillespie 2.2.16--21.9.16 
Capt. (T/Lt.-Col.) R. S. Dyer- 
Bennet 22.9.16--12.12.16 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) 1. H. dillespie 13.12.16--27.3.17 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) H. B. Brown, 

Major (T/Lt.-Col. i R. H. "Gilles'- 
pie, D.S.O. . 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) H. B. ]row, 
Capt. (T/Lt.-dol.) ). L." Weil, 
D.S.O., M.C. 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.)". Itha, 
Capt. (T/Majo) G. . Wy'kes 
Capt. (T/Major) Hartshorne . 
Capt. (T/Lt.-Col.) D. L. Weir, 
D.S.O., M.C. 
Major (T/Lt.-CoI.) "F. Ltham', 

17.1.18--Feb., '18 
Feb., '18--29.4.18 

llth Battalion Leicestershire Reginent (Pioneere) 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) C. Turner, 
Leicestershire Regt. (S.R.) . 1.4.16"--24.9.18 
Major OE/Lt.-Col.) R. H. Radford, 
Leicestershire Regt. (S.R.). 25.9.18---Armistice. 

2nà Battalion Royal Welch Fusillers (19th In[antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. H. Delme-Radcliffe 12.10.14 *--26.10.14 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) O. de L. Wil'- 
liams 27.10.14---31.5.15 * 

1st Battalion The Cameroniane (19th In/antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. P. R. Robertson'. 12.10.14 *--31.5.15 * 

llth Battalion Essex Regiment (71st Inla-nry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. C. J. Hobkirk, D.S.O.. 11.10.15 *--3.6.16. 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) H. W. Green, 
D.S.O., The Buffs 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) F. G. prin, 
Lincolnshire Regiment 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) E. V. Manger', 
Durham Light InIantry 


Major (T/Lt.-Col.) F. G. Sprint, 
D.S.O. . . 10.12.16--14.9.17 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) C. H. D'umbeil, 
D.S.O., Sherwood Foresters 15.9.17--Armistice. 
2nd Baltalion Sherwood Foresters (18lb and 71st In/antry 
Lt.-Col. C. B. Crofton-Atkins . Mobn.--7.10.14 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) P. Leveson- 
Major (T/Lt.'Col.)" C. . V. 
Hobbs, D.S.O. 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) E. R. tree, 
Lt.-Col. C. J. V. Ho'bbs, ).S.O." 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) F. E. Brad- 
shaw, Rifle Brigade, R. of O. 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) H. Tylden- 
Wright, Derby Yeomanry 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) H. M. Mil- 
ward, D.S.O. . 
Bt.-Major (T/Lt.-Col.) C. É. Hul- 
son, V.C., D.S.O., M.C. Sept., 'lB--Armistice. 
1st Battalion Ki9's 8hrophire Li9ht I]antry (16th In]antry 
Lt.-Col. C. P. ttigginson, D.S.O. Mobn.--23.10.14 
bIajor (T/Lt.-Col.) E. B. Luard. 24.10.14--13.11.14 

Major (T/Lt.-Col.) W. J. Rowan 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) J: A. Srick . 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) E. B. Luard . 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) B. E. Murray 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) C. F. B.Win- 
terscale . 
Lt.-Col. H. M. Smitl, D.SIO. 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) H. de R'. 
Morgan, The Buffs . 
Lt.-Col. C. Meynell, D.S.O. 
Capt. (T/Major) E. A. Freema 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.) H. D. Leslie 
Capt. (T/Major) E. A. Frceman 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) C. H. Cautley 
Lt.-Col. G. H. Meynell 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) L. H. Iorri 

3.8.16--15.10. ].6 (K.) 
23.11.17--Sept., '18 





1st Battalion Middlesex Regimenl (19th In[anlry Brigade) 
L.-Col. B. E. Ward 12.10.14"--21.10.14 
L.-Col. 1. G. M. Rowley : . 21.10.14--30.10.14 
Capt. (T]Lt.-Col.) H. 1 ). Osborne 30.10.14-28.11.14 
Major (T]Lt.-Col.} W. C. C: Ash. 29.11.14--31.5.15 * 

2nd Battalion York and Lancazter Regiment (16th In[antry 

Lt.-Col. E. C. Cobbold 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) W. F. C'lemso'n 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) C. Mc.D. Pratt 
Major (T/L.-Col.) M. l. Halford 
Capt. (T/Major) It. B. 1)hilby, 
L.-Col. It. R. teadam, I.S.O." 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.} E. L. Thomson 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) A. t.J. 
Blunt, D.S.O.. 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) R. P. vVood', 
Major (T/Lt.'Col.)" F. "Lewis; 
Major (T/Lt.'Col.)" A. t. J'. 
Blun, D.S.O.. 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.} J. R. lobert'- 

1.5.16--17.5.16 (K.) 
25.9.16--9.10.16 (K.) 

2nd Battalion Durham Light In[antry (18th In[antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. B. W. L. MeMahon . Mobn.--4.1.15 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) J. A. Cros- 
thwaite . . . 5.1.15--10.6.15 
Lt.-Col. M. D. Goring-Jones 11.6.15---Sept., ' 15 
Capt. (T]Lt.-Col.) A. E. Irvine . Sept., '15--15.8.17 
Cal)t. (T]Lt.-Col.} H. R. McCul- 
lagh .... 16.8.17--4.2.18 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.} D. L. Brereton 5.2.18---12.7.18 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.} R. V. Turner 13.7.18--Armistice. 

14th Battalion Durham Light In[antry (18th In]antry Brigade) 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) G. l. Menzies, 
S. Lancs Regt., R. of O. . 28.11.15"--12.11.16 
lIajor (T/Lt.-Col.) J. B. Rosher, 
Durham Light ]affantry (S.) 13.11.16--1.2.18 ç 


lot Battalion North Stab%rdshire tegiment (17th In[atry 
Lt.-Col. V. W. de Falbe, D.S.O. Mobn.--ll. 10.15 * 

2à Battalion Argyll and Sutherlaà Highlm, ders (19th 
In[antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. I-I. P. Moulton-Barrett. 12.10.14"--2.11.14 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) H. B. Kirk . 3.11.14--8.1.15 
Lt.-Col. R. C. Gore . 16.2.15--31.4. 15 * 

2nd Battalion Leinster Regiment (17th In[antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. W. T. M. Reeve . Mobn.--19.11.14 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) G. M. Bullen'- 
Smith 20. lL. 14--3.6.15 
Lt.-Col. W. T.'Ivl. Rëeve . 3.6.15--20.7.15 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) G. M. Bullen'- 
Smith 21.7.15--11.10.15 * 

3rà Battalion Biffe Brigade (17th In[antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. R. Alexander Mobn.--I3.10.14 
Major (T/Lt.-Col.) Lord Hënnikér 13.10.14--21.11.14 
Lt.-Col. R. Alexander . . 22.11.14---29.12.14 (al.of w.) 
Major {T/Lt.-Col.) Lord Henniker 30.12.14--9.6.15 
Capt. (T/Major) R. Pigot, M.C.. 10.6.15--11.10.15 * 

1/5th Battalion Loyal North Lancs Reglment (16th In[antry 
Lt.-Col. G. Hesketh 16.2.15 *--1116.15 * 

1]2nà Battalion London Regiment (17th In[antry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. J. Attcnborough. 19.2.15 *--11.10.15 * 

Queen's Westminster tifles (18th In]mtry Brigade) 
Lt.-Col. R. Shoolbred, T.D. 11.11.14 *--28.11.15 * 

5th Battalion ,Scottish Biffes (19th In/atry Brigade) 
Li.-Col. R. J. Douglas 19.11.14 *--31.5.15 * 

Pited by ltazell, Watson  Vincy, Id., Lottdon and Aylesbuvy.